Photograph believed to be of Umihana Čuvidina
Sarajevo, Bosnia Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
|Died||c. 1870 (aged 76)
Sarajevo, Bosnia Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
|Resting place||Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina|
Umihana Čuvidina (c. 1794 – c. 1870) was an Ottoman Bosniak poet and the earliest Bosnian female author whose work survives to this day. Čuvidina sang her poems and contributed greatly to the traditional genre of Bosniak folk music, sevdalinka.
Čuvidina was born in Sarajevo around the year 1794, while modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina was part of the Ottoman Empire. She was from a Bosniak family of restaurateurs, who later grew and sold watermelons. Čuvidina grew up in Hrid, a quarter of Sarajevo situated on the left bank of the river Miljacka.
In 1813, Čuvidina was engaged to a young man named Mujo Čamdži-bajraktar who died as a soldier of the imperial army of Alipaša Derendelija during the First Serbian Uprising of the early 19th century. He was killed near the small town of Loznica near the Drina river. Strongly affected by her fiancé's death, Čuvidina decided never to marry and began writing poetry about her fiancé and his fellow soldiers.
For three years after Mujo's death, Umihana did not make it out of her yard. In the fourth year, she manually cut off all her hair as a sign of eternal mourning for her dead love and tied it onto the fence in her yard. This is something that is mentioned in her poems.
The only full poem that can be attributed to Čuvidina without doubt is the 79-verse-long epos called "Sarajlije iđu na vojsku protiv Srbije" (English: "The Men of Sarajevo March to War Against Serbia"), which was written in Arebica script.
Umihana Čuvidina lived into old age and died in about 1870. She was buried in a Muslim funeral in an unknown location in Sarajevo, "below the grove on the cliff".
On 26 September 1992, a few of the students were killed by Serb forces during the Bosnian War. Three months later, on 16 December 1992, three more young students from the school were killed by a Serb grenade and multiple others wounded as they played in the courtyard of the building. These incidents were a part of the Siege of Sarajevo which lasted nearly four years.
The home in which she was born on the street "Ulica Mujezinova" in Stari Grad, Sarajevo has severely deteriorated over the years. It is difficult for the older residents of the street to walk around during winter, when ice and snow cover the old cobblestones, which are continuing to deteriorate, as grass grows around them. Her home of birth is also falling apart. The residents had multiple times asked the city to pay to have a plaque with historical data about Čuvidina placed on the home where she once lived, but to no avail until 2011 when the city of Sarajevo approved 80,000 Bosnian convertible marks to restore the street and home.
In September 2012, Bosnian actress Nada Đurevska announced that she and her colleague Admir Glamočak are planning to create a monodrama about Umihana Čuvidina. Đurevska stated that she had been collecting information about the life of the enigmatic poet for years.
Partial list of works
- "Čamdži Mujo i lijepa Uma" (Čamdži Mujo and Beautiful Uma)
- "Sarajlije iđu na vojsku protiv Srbije" (The Men of Sarajevo March to War Against Serbia)
- "Žal za Čamdži Mujom" (Longing for Čamdži Mujo)
- "Tarih donosi priču o Umihani Čuvidini". tvsa.ba. 28 December 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Sevdalinka, naučni esej". ibn-sina.net. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- Voices in the Shadows: Women and Verbal Art in Serbia and Bosnia; Pages 250 & 251. books.google.com. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Umihana Čuvidina Elementary School official website". osuc.edu.ba. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Osnovna škola "Umihana Čuvidina", Sarajevo". most387.com. 6 January 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Obilježena godišnjica ubistva devet građana Novog Grada". avaz.ba. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "OBILJEŽENA 20. GODIŠNJICA STRADANJA U POTUR ŠEHIDIJINOJ ULICI". novigradsarajevo.ba. 17 December 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Propada ulica u kojoj je rođena čuvena Umihana Čuvidina". avaz.ba. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Dosta oštećenih kaldrma u Starom Gradu: Za sanaciju 80.000 KM". avaz.ba. 24 May 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "Đurevska i Glamočak pripremaju monodramu o Umihani Čuvidinoj". avaz.ba. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "CAMDZI MUJO I LIJEPA UMA". camo.ch. Retrieved 24 December 2012.