Umm Kalkha

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Umm Kalkha
Umm Kalkha is located in Mandatory Palestine
Umm Kalkha
Umm Kalkha
Arabic اُم كلخة
Name meaning Khurbet Umm Kelkhah; The ruin of kelkha (a plant like fennel) [1]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°48′51″N 34°51′57″E / 31.81417°N 34.86583°E / 31.81417; 34.86583Coordinates: 31°48′51″N 34°51′57″E / 31.81417°N 34.86583°E / 31.81417; 34.86583
Palestine grid 137/135
Population 60[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation April 7, 1948
Current localities Yesodot[4][5]

Umm Kalkha was a small Palestinian village in the Ramle Subdistrict of Mandatory Palestine. It was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 7, 1948 during Operation Nachshon. It was located 12.5 km south of Ramla, situated on the northern banks of Wadi al-Sarar.

History[edit]

In 1838, Um Kelkha was noted as a place "in ruins or deserted."[6]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) noted: "There are traces here of an old town, caves, cisterns of rubble, masonry, and pottery fragments."[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Umm Kalka had a population of 1 Muslim,[8] increasing sharply in the 1931 census 24 Muslims, in 6 houses.[9]

In 1945 the population was 60, all Muslims,[2] while the total land area was 1,405 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 21 dunums of land were used for citrus and bananas, 93 dunums were plantations or irrigated land, 1,119 were for cereals, [10] while a total of 63 dunams were classified as non-cultivable areas.[11]

1948, aftermath[edit]

The Israeli settlement of Yesodot was established on Umm Khalkha land.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 271
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 30
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 68
  4. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xx, settlement #14.
  5. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 419
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 119
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 426
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramle, p. 21
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 24
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 117.
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 167

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]