Umm ul-Banin

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Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyya (died 64 A.H.[1] (683/684)[2] or 69 A.H.[3] (688/689)[2]), commonly known as Umm ul-Banin ("mother of several sons"), was from the tribe of Banu Kalb.

The grave of Umm ul-Banin

She married Ali ibn Abi Talib after the death of his first wife Fatimah, daughter of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Umm ul-Banin and Ali had four sons, of whom the eldest was Abbas ibn Ali, the commander of Husayn ibn Ali's forces at the Battle of Karbala. Shimr ibn Dhi 'l-Jawshan, who later killed Husayn ibn Ali at the battle, was from the same tribe as Umm ul-Banin, and he offered safe-conduct to her and her sons before the battle commenced; however, they rejected it since the offer did not include Husayn.[4] All of Umm ul-Banin's sons were killed at Karbala.[5][6]

It is believed that Umm ul-Banin died in 69 A.H. (688/689) or 13 Jumada al-Thani 64 A.H. (6 February 684[2]), and was buried in the Jannatul Baqi, a cemetery in Medina.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ziarat of Hazrat Ummul Baneen (Wife of Imam Ali & Mother of Hazrat Abbas)
  2. ^ a b c Calendar Converter
  3. ^ Exemplary Women: Umm ul-Banin
  4. ^ Shaykh Al-Mufid. Kitab Al-Irshad. 
  5. ^ Al Imam Al Hafiz, Abdul Ghani Al Maqdisi. Short Biography of the Prophet & His Ten Companions. Darussalam. ISBN 9960-899-12-8. 
  6. ^ Ashgar Ali Engineer (1992). The Rights of Women in Islam. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-154-X.