Umm ul-Banin

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Fāṭimah bint Ḥuzam al-Kulābīyya (died 64 A.H.[1] (683/684)[2] or 69 A.H.[3] (688/689)[2]), commonly known as Umm ul-Banin ("mother of several sons"), was from the tribe of Banu Kilab a branch of Qais Ailan tribes.

The grave of Umm ul-Banin

She married Ali ibn Abi Talib after the death of his first wife Fatimah, daughter of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Umm ul-Banin and Ali had four sons, of whom the eldest was Abbas ibn Ali, the commander of Husain Ibn Ali's forces at the Battle of Karbala. Shimr ibn Dhi 'l-Jawshan, who later killed Husayn ibn Ali at the battle, has offered Abbas Ibn Ali and his brothers immunity before the battle commenced, however, Abbas Ibn Ali and his brothers rejected it since the offer was not including Imam Hussain Ibn Ali.[4] All of Umm ul-Banin's sons were killed later in the battle at Karbala.[5][6]

It is believed that Umm ul-Banin died in 69 A.H. (688/689) or 13 Jumada al-Thani 64 A.H. (6 February 684[2]). She was buried in the Jannatul Baqi, a cemetery in Medina.[1] The descendants are called as Sadaat-e-Alvi or Awans. She had four sons: 1. Abbas ibn Ali 2. Jafar ibn Ali 3. Musa ibn Ali 4. Abdullah ibn Ali.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ziarat of Hazrat Ummul Baneen (Wife of Imam Ali & Mother of Hazrat Abbas)
  2. ^ a b c Calendar Converter
  3. ^ Exemplary Women: Umm ul-Banin
  4. ^ Shaykh Al-Mufid. Kitab Al-Irshad. 
  5. ^ Al Imam Al Hafiz, Abdul Ghani Al Maqdisi. Short Biography of the Prophet & His Ten Companions. Darussalam. ISBN 9960-899-12-8. 
  6. ^ Ashgar Ali Engineer (1992). The Rights of Women in Islam. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-154-X.