|District of Himachal Pradesh|
Location of Una district in Himachal Pradesh
|Headquarters||Una, Himachal Pradesh|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||5|
|• Total||1,549 km2 (598 sq mi)|
|• Density||340/km2 (870/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||977|
|Average annual precipitation||1253 mm|
Una is one of the districts of Himachal Pradesh, India, and shares its border with the Hoshiarpur District and Rupnagar district of Punjab. The terrain is generally a plain with low hills. Una has been identified as a main industrial hub and has become a transit town for travellers going to the famous city of Dharamshala or locations within the Himalayas such as Kullu, Manali, Jawalamukhi, and Chintpurni.
Una although unchanged for past century has shown huge appetite for growth and development. The City and Urban area is expected to grow at rapid pace amidst the investment coming from native N.R.I community which is huge in number as every household has at least one family member or relative working abroad.
According to the 2011 census Una district has a population of 521,057, roughly equal to the nation of Cape Verde. This gives it a ranking of 543rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 338 inhabitants per square kilometre (880/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.24%. Una has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 87.23%.
In the 1961 Census of India, 71.2% of the Una tehsil of the Hoshiarpur district registered their language as Hindi and 28.4% registered it as Punjabi.
Local languages are Hindi and Punjabi. Una had been a Tehsil of the Hoshiarpur district until the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. Before 1966, it was included as part of the Punjabi speaking region in the erstwhile East Punjab state. Due to its geographical contiguity, it was given to Himachal Pradesh.
Shawl, known locally as "Loi", are worn in the winters. They can be plain or embroidered (especially for women).
Jutti is a culturally accepted footwear, for both men and women.
According to the 2001 census, the total population of Una was 447,967 with a sex-ratio of 997. The literacy rate stood at 81.09%. In 2011, population figures were raised to 521,057 with decreased sex ratio of 977. The literacy rate increased to 87.23%. The total area of the district is 1,549 km2 (598 sq mi). The urban population contributes nearly 9% of the total population. Hinduism and Sikhism are the prominent religions, with Christianity and Islam forming non-scalable minorities.
Una lies in the southwestern part of Himachal Pradesh, with the beautiful Sivalik hills of the Himalayas gently rolling on one side. The Satluj river passes alongside Shahtalai hills, known for the shrine of Baba Balak Nath.
Una is geograhically one of the most apt and versatile area of Himachal Pradesh with close vicinity to Chandigarh connected by broad gauge railway and four lane express highway.
Chintpurni and Baba Balak Nath are the temples most visited by Hindus and Sikhs, especially on weekends and on special religious days. The Hindu genealogy registers at Chintpurni, Himachal Pradesh are kept at Chintpurni.
Bhadurkali Mata Mandir,Guga Jahar Peer, Bhadurkali;Dera Baba Barbhag Singh MAIRI; Dera Baba Rudru; Radhe Krishna Mandir, founded by Baba Bal, Kotla Kalan; Baba Moni temple, Ghanari; Jogi Panga: Dharamshala Mahanta; Dhunsar Mahadev Temple, Talmehra; Pir Nigaha, Madanpur Basoli; Shivbari Temple, Gagret; Dmamiya, Ispur, Suhin Guga, Lohara Mandir are some other popular temples.
Brahmahooti, situated near Mehatpur, is one of the two temples in India dedicated to God Brahma, the other being in Pushkar, Rajasthan. Though less known, this temple is situated close to a serene lake in the laps of hills.
The people of Una mainly earn their livelihood through agriculture. Una is also becoming an industrial hub. There is a hub of small scale Katha factories. Kamal Katha Udyog, Master Katha Udyog and Khanna Katha Udyog are prominent manufacturers of Katha. In addition of that there is cylinder factory named Him Cylinders and Steel Plant by the name of Him alloys.The International Cars and Motor has also one their plant in the City.The Jeevan Market Has Many Shops Dealing In All Types Of Products.
[New mall and Multiplex is expected to open in Rakkar area which is becoming the new face of modern urban, well planned, neat and clean city with all the advanced facilities like banks, private and convent schools, best hotels, showrooms etc.]
Una is connected by road and only one railway line through Una that currently enters Una from Nangal (Punjab) and runs all the way will Amb by the year end 2011. The NH-22 national highway passes through the city. Una is located just about 375 km (233 mi) north of New Delhi and 120 km (75 mi) from Chandigarh. The city is connected by a broad gauge railway line, which is the only one in the whole state. Two express trains (Himachal Express and Jan Shatabdi Express) connect it to Delhi daily. The nearest domestic airport is based at Chandigarh and International Airport is based at Amritsar. Now Nestle is setting up his factory in nearby industrial area Tahliwal, cremica is already present there, some big industries are also moved in like inoxwind in basal and some other industrial units in Dhamandari.
Famous Destinations in UNA
- Sheetla Mata Mandir Una, Takka Road -Sheetla Mata Temple is famous for curing disease like chicken pox, eye disease and other skin diseases. The water of the temple is very divine and deity which cure the disease. The locket given by the Priest also helps in curing the diseases.
- Maa Chintpurni Devi Temple Pictorial Tour Maa Chintpurni
- Sri Radha Krishan Mandir Kotla Kalan Una.
- Shiv Bari Temple
- Dhyunsar Mahadev Temple
- Dera Baba Rudru | Dera Baba Rudrashram
- Baba Barbagh Singh
- Suhin Guga Mandir
- Jogi Panga
- Jyoli Mata Temple Samoor Kalan (Pracheen Shiv Mandir Samoor Kalan)
- Thaneek Pura
- Garib Nath mandir
- Baba sahib singh ji bedi
- Baba Moni Temple Ghanari
- Mahandev Mandir, Pracheen Mahandev Mandir in Kotla Kalan.
- Pracheen Gouri Ganga Mata Mandir Near Tirthwal Village post office chowar Tehsil amb Distt. Una (H.P.)
- Shri Ram Mandir, Andora
- Santoshi mata mandir at village khad. It is a beautiful small temple which is looked after by a holy sannyasin who devoted her life to this temple and serving this for about 43 years. It is located on Una–Gagret road.(shyamsuamnsingh)
- Multiple screen multiplex and mall is expected to open in Rakkar area making it first of its kind in the city.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Cape Verde 516,100 July 2011 est.
|Hoshiarpur district, Punjab||Hamirpur district|
|Rupnagar district, Punjab||Bilaspur district|