Unadilla River

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Unadilla River
Tianadara
River
Unadilla River Chenango County.jpg
Historic marker of the Unadilla River
Country United States
State New York
Region Central New York Region
Tributaries
 - left Campbell Brook, Wharton Creek, Butternut Creek, Rogers Hollow Brook
 - right North Winfield Creek, West Branch Unadilla River, Button Creek, Beaver Creek, Tallette Creek, Center Brook, Mill Brook, Great Brook, White Store Brook, Kent Brook, Guilford Creek
Source
 - location NE of Millers Mills, New York
 - coordinates 42°55′57″N 75°01′39″W / 42.93250°N 75.02750°W / 42.93250; -75.02750
Mouth Susquehanna River
 - location Sidney, New York
 - elevation 961 ft (293 m)
 - coordinates 42°19′00″N 75°24′36″W / 42.3168°N 75.4100°W / 42.3168; -75.4100Coordinates: 42°19′00″N 75°24′36″W / 42.3168°N 75.4100°W / 42.3168; -75.4100
Length 71 mi (114 km)
Unadilla River is located in New York
Unadilla River
Location of the mouth of Unadilla River

The Unadilla River is a 71-mile-long (114 km)[1] river in the Central New York Region of New York State.[2] The river begins northeast of the hamlet of Millers Mills and flows generally south to the village of Sidney, where it converges with the Susquehanna River, which drains into the Chesapeake Bay[3], a bay of the Atlantic Ocean.

Most of the length of the Unadilla forms the western border of Otsego County and the eastern borders of Chenango and Madison counties, all in New York. This border made up a significant portion of the Fort Stanwix Treaty Line of 1768. It was meant to establish the border for an Indian reserve, beyond which European-American settlers were not supposed to go. Settlers resented British efforts to control their movements, and continued to encroach on Native American territories.[4]

Branches[edit]

The Unadilla has two branches which join at Unadilla Forks on the Otsego-Madison County border.

Tributaries[edit]

The Unadilla's tributaries, from north to south, include:

Alternate names and spellings[edit]

Unadilla has had various spellings and alternate names, particularly in the 18th century:[4]

  • Che-on-a-dill-ha: Oneida dialect
  • Teyonadelhouogh: Gideon Hawley, Journey to Broome County, Oquaga (Onaheghgwage), 1753
  • Tiona-derha: Guy Johnson's 1768 map
  • Tienaderha: Guy Johnson's 1771 map and Southeir's 1779 map
  • Tianaderaha: Surveyor-General, Simeon De Witt's map c.1790
  • Tianaderha: Fort Stanwix Treaty of 1768
  • Tunadilla: Common spelling 18th century correspondence
  • Susquehannock: Vaughan's 18th century Chorographical Map

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]