Unadilla River

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Unadilla River
Tianadara
Unadilla River Chenango County.jpg
Historic marker of the Unadilla River
Unadilla River is located in New York
Unadilla River
Location of the mouth of Unadilla River
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
RegionCentral New York Region
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationNE of Millers Mills, New York
 ⁃ coordinates42°55′57″N 75°01′39″W / 42.93250°N 75.02750°W / 42.93250; -75.02750
MouthSusquehanna River
 ⁃ location
Sidney, New York
 ⁃ coordinates
42°19′00″N 75°24′36″W / 42.3168°N 75.4100°W / 42.3168; -75.4100Coordinates: 42°19′00″N 75°24′36″W / 42.3168°N 75.4100°W / 42.3168; -75.4100
 ⁃ elevation
961 ft (293 m)
Length71 mi (114 km)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftCampbell Brook, Wharton Creek, Butternut Creek, Rogers Hollow Brook
 ⁃ rightNorth Winfield Creek, West Branch Unadilla River, Button Creek, Beaver Creek, Tallette Creek, Center Brook, Mill Brook, Great Brook, White Store Brook, Kent Brook, Guilford Creek, Peckham Brook

The Unadilla River is a 71-mile-long (114 km)[1] river in the Central New York Region of New York State.[2] The river begins northeast of the hamlet of Millers Mills and flows generally south to the village of Sidney, where it converges with the Susquehanna River, which drains into the Chesapeake Bay,[3] a bay of the Atlantic Ocean.

Most of the length of the Unadilla forms the western border of Otsego County and the eastern borders of Chenango and Madison counties, all in New York. This border made up a significant portion of the Fort Stanwix Treaty Line of 1768. It was meant to establish the border for an Indian reserve, beyond which European-American settlers were not supposed to go. Settlers resented British efforts to control their movements, and continued to encroach on Native American territories.[4]

Branches[edit]

The Unadilla has two branches which join at Unadilla Forks on the Otsego-Madison County border.

Tributaries[edit]

The Unadilla's tributaries, from north to south, include:

Alternate names and spellings[edit]

Unadilla has had various spellings and alternate names, particularly in the 18th century:[4]

  • Che-on-a-dill-ha: Oneida dialect
  • Teyonadelhouogh: Gideon Hawley, Journey to Broome County, Oquaga (Onaheghgwage), 1753
  • Tiona-derha: Guy Johnson's 1768 map
  • Tienaderha: Guy Johnson's 1771 map and Southeir's 1779 map
  • Tianaderaha: Surveyor-General, Simeon De Witt's map c.1790
  • Tianaderha: Fort Stanwix Treaty of 1768
  • Tunadilla: Common spelling 18th century correspondence
  • Susquehannock: Vaughan's 18th century Chorographical Map

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unadilla River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2017-12-23.
  2. ^ "The National Map". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved Feb 11, 2011.
  3. ^ "Susquehanna River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2017-12-24.
  4. ^ a b History of Chenango County, Ch. 7
  5. ^ "West Branch Unadilla River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2017-12-24.
  6. ^ Francis W., Halsey (1901). The Old New York Frontier: Its Wars with Indians and Tories; Its Missionary. p. 35.

External links[edit]