Unanderra–Moss Vale railway line
|Locale||Illawarra, Southern Highlands|
|Operator(s)||3801 Limited (tourist services)|
|Line length||57 km (35 mi)|
The Unanderra–Moss Vale railway line is a cross country railway line in New South Wales, Australia. The line branches from the Illawarra line at Unanderra and winds west up the Illawarra escarpment to join the Main South line at Moss Vale. The line is one of the most scenic in New South Wales, and for the first 20 km after leaving Unanderra has an almost continuous grade 1 in 30 providing extensive views over the Illawarra coastline.
|Unanderra - Moss Vale Line Line|
The line is 57 kilometres in length, and is double track from Unanderra to Dombarton. The line then becomes single track with several crossing loops. Legacies of the abandoned Maldon – Dombarton railway line that was partly built in the 1980s are a bridge over the old Princes Highway at Unanderra, double track section to Dombarton and unfinished electrification masts. The single track bridge at Dombarton was recycled in February 1992, being installed on the Lavender Bay branch of the North Shore line at Waverton.
The line connects the following current and former passenger stations:
- Unanderra – junction with Illawarra line
- Dombarton – end of double line (formerly the site of an unusual crossing loop arrangement)
- Summit Tank (platform only) (crossing loop)
- Mount Murray (closed) (crossing loop reopened 1980s)
- Ocean View (closed 1968)
- Ranelagh House (platform only)
- Robertson (platform) (crossing loop)
- Burrawang (closed 1975)
- Calwalla (closed 1976) (crossing loop reopened 1980s)
- Moss Vale – triangular junction with Main South line
The line initially carried mainly limestone from the Marulan Quarry to Port Kembla Steelworks, but also vegetables from Robertson to Sydney and later, coal. Passenger services began in August 1932 with CPH railmotors. From 1938 these were replaced by 30 class steam locomotives. From February 1967 the CPHs once again operated the service. The weekday service was replaced by road transport in September 1985 with road transport taking over.
Following the NSW Department of Transport seeking expressions of interest to take over the weekends only passenger service as a tourist operation, 3801 Limited commenced the Cockatoo Run heritage tourist train on 19 August 1995. Initially the train operated from a base established in the Port Kembla Locomotive Depot Complex as a return Wollongong to Moss Vale service. Steam locomotive SMR18 was leased by 3801 Limited from the Hunter Valley Training Company for the service.
Financial difficulties led to the suspension of the Cockatoo Run from November 1998 until March 1999, after which date the train ran between Port Kembla and Robertson only. Furthermore, it was diesel hauled and ran for nine months of the year.
From March 2001 the Cockatoo Run was merged with another of the 3801 Limited's operations, the Long Lunch Train. This service currently operates on selected Thursdays and Sundays with heritage diesel locomotives. It has on occasions operated with steam locomotives from the Lachlan Valley Railway and Powerhouse Museum. The last Cockatoo Run service operated in early 2017 at the same time 3801 Limited's use of the Eveleigh Railway Workshops Large Erecting Shop was terminated.
A NSW TrainLink road coach service is now provided in lieu of the former rail service. The three times daily service stops at Wollongong, Dapto and Albion Park stations, Hoddle Street Burrawang, Illawarra Highway Robertson, then at Bowral and Moss Vale stations. One service per day also serves Exeter and Bundanoon stations.
Limestone freight continues to operate, and the line remains a valuable freight link to the shipping terminal at Port Kembla and various industries in the Illawarra region. It is a useful bypass line when engineering works close the Main South line.
The line remains popular with steam locomotive hauled services from Sydney as the line allows them to operate a loop without the need to turn the locomotive.
- Singh-Sidhu, Daniel; Dennis Rittson; John Crudine; Tony Gatt. "Dombarton–Moss Vale". Railpix Australia. Retrieved 7 December 2006.
- "Dombarton-Unanderra Changes" Railway Digest June 1987 page 170
- Lavender Bay Railway Group NSW Environment & Heritage
- "From Dombarton to Waverton" Railway Digest April 1992 page 139
- Bozier, Rolfe. "Unanderra–Moss Vale Line". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 13 December 2006.
- Dombarton Crossing Station Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin August 1943 pp15-16
- The Unanderra to Moss Vale Line Jacobson, O.F. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin February 1972 pp25-48
- Jacobson, OF (1977). Illawarra Mountain Railway. Wollongong: Illawarra Historic Society. ISBN 0 909164 03 7.
- "Proposed Country Train Plans" Railway Digest May 1985 page 133
- "Remember When" Railway Digest March 2000 page 45
- "New Timetable Sees Demise of Loco-Hauled Services" Railway Digest July 1994 page 6
- 3801 Limited Annual Report 1995-1996
- "3801 Ltd's Illawarra Tourist Railway Commences" Railway Digest September 1995 page 6
- "Cockatoo Run to Cease in November" Railway Digest October 1998 page 9
- "Cockatoo Run relaunch Next Month" Railway Digest February 1999 page 9
- 3801 Limited Annual Report 1998-1999
- 3801 Limited Annual Report 2000-2001
- The Cockatoo Run 3801 Limited
- More Steam Returns to 3801 Limited 3801 Limited Newsletter March 2009
- "Southern Highlands line timetable". Transport for NSW.
- "Southern timetable". NSW Trainlink. 7 September 2019.
- "Kembla Grange History". Wollongong City Council. Archived from the original on 19 September 2006. Retrieved 7 December 2006.