Unbeaten Tracks in Japan

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Unbeaten Tracks in Japan
Unbeaten Tracks in Japan book cover.jpg
AuthorIsabella Bird
ISBN 4-582-76329-4
ISBN 4-8419-0295-3
ISBN 978-4-89514-296-0
ISBN 978-4-06-159871-3
ISBN 978-4-06-159872-0
ISBN 978-4-582-80819-3

Unbeaten Tracks in Japan (日本奥地紀行, Nihon Okuchi Kikō) is a travel diary written by Isabella Bird of her trip to Japan in 1878,[1] at the age of 47.[2] It was first published in English in 1881 by G. P. Putnam's Sons. It was later translated into Japanese by Tsurukichi Itō [ja] (伊藤 鶴吉 Itō Tsurukichi).

It chronicles the trip Bird made with a Japanese interpreter named Ito in 1878 from about June until September from Tokyo to Hokkaido (then Ezo), and recorded such things as Japanese houses, clothing, the sex industry, and the natural environment in great detail, as they were during the early years of the Meiji restoration. It also has many descriptions of the Ainu people.

The first edition was released in 1881 in two volumes and afterwards an edited version with a less detailed account of the Kansai area was released in 1885.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Caplinger, William (April 1991). "An examination of Isabella Bird's Unbeaten Tracks in Japan". Japanese Studies. 11 (1): 44–48. doi:10.1080/10371399108521945.
  2. ^ Webster, Fiona Isabella Bird’s letters from Japan Nov 4, 2001 The Japan Times Retrieved April 3, 2016

External links[edit]