Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs

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United States
Under Secretary of State
for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
U.S. Department of State official seal.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Michelle S. Giuda.jpg
Michelle Giuda

since February 12, 2019
NominatorPresident of the United States
Inaugural holderEvelyn S. Lieberman
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs is currently a top-10 ranking position[1] in the U.S. Department of State that is intended to help ensure that public diplomacy is practiced in combination with public affairs and traditional diplomacy to advance U.S. interests and security. The Under Secretary oversees three bureaus at the Department of State: Educational and Cultural Affairs, Public Affairs, and International Information Programs. Also reporting to the Under Secretary are the Office of Policy, Planning and Resources for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs and the Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

The position was created on October 1, 1999, during the Clinton administration after Title XIII, Section 1313 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681-776). Section 2305 of the Act (112 Stat. 2681-825) increased the number of Under Secretaries of State from five to six. Subdivision A of the Act, also known as the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998, abolished the United States Information Agency and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

The duties of Under Secretary are currently being filled in an acting capacity by Michelle Giuda.[2][3][4][5]

Full appointments to the position require confirmation by the Senate.

From October 1, 1999, through August 29, 2019, the Under Secretary has been without a confirmed appointment 35.8% of the days. The average time between confirmed appointments is been 289 days (or over 9.5 months). Looking at the last three administrations, the office was without a confirmed Under Secretary for 37.2% of the Bush Administration, 21.8% of the Obama Administration, and 89.4% of the Trump Administration (as of August 29, 2019).[6]

List of Under Secretaries of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs[edit]

Name In office Image President(s) served under
Evelyn S. Lieberman October 1, 1999 – January 19, 2001 Evelyn S. Lieberman 1993.jpg Bill Clinton
Charlotte Beers October 2, 2001 – March 28, 2003 No image.svg George W. Bush
Margaret D. Tutwiler December 16, 2003 – June 30, 2004 Tutwilermd 175.jpg George W. Bush
Karen Hughes September 9, 2005 – December 14, 2007 KarenHughes.jpg George W. Bush
James K. Glassman June 10, 2008 – January 15, 2009 James K Glassman.JPG George W. Bush
Judith McHale May 26, 2009 – July 2011 McHale-Judith-officialphoto 150 1.jpg Barack Obama
Kathleen Stephens February 6, 2012 – April 4, 2012
Kathleen Stevens.jpg Barack Obama
Tara Sonenshine April 5, 2012 – July 1, 2013 Tara D. Sonenshine US State Dept photo.jpg Barack Obama
Richard Stengel February 11, 2014 – December 7, 2016 Richard Stengel 2014.jpg Barack Obama
Bruce Wharton December 8, 2016 – July 2017
Bruce Wharton 2011.jpg Barack Obama
Donald Trump
Steve Goldstein December 4, 2017 – March 13, 2018 Irwin Goldstein.jpg Donald Trump
Heather Nauert March 13, 2018 – October 10, 2018
Heather Nauert official photo.jpg Donald Trump
Michelle Giuda February 5, 2019 – March 3, 2020
Michelle S. Giuda.jpg Donald Trump


External links[edit]