Underground (Thelonious Monk album)

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Underground
Thelonious Monk-Underground (album cover).jpg
Studio album by
Released1968
RecordedDecember 14 and 21, 1967; February 14, 1968
GenreJazz
Length37:23 (1:11:04 on Special Edition)
LabelColumbia
ProducerTeo Macero
Thelonious Monk chronology
Straight, No Chaser
(1967)
Underground
(1968)
Monk's Blues
(1968)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[1]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide4/5 stars[2]
The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings4/4 stars[3]

Underground is the seventh studio album that Thelonious Monk recorded for Columbia Records. It features Monk on piano, Larry Gales on bass, Charlie Rouse on tenor sax, and Ben Riley on drums.[1] This is the last Monk album featuring the Thelonious Monk Quartet.[1]

Its cover image depicts Monk as a French Resistance fighter in the Second World War.[1] It won the Grammy Award for Best Album Cover.[4]

Music[edit]

"Green Chimneys" is named after the school attended by Monk's daughter.[1]

For "In Walked Bud", Jon Hendricks added lyrics.[1]

Track listing[edit]

All songs composed by Thelonious Monk unless otherwise noted.

Original LP[edit]

Side One

  1. Thelonious - 3:14
  2. Ugly Beauty - 7:20
  3. Raise Four - 4:36
  4. Boo Boo's Birthday - 5:56

Side Two

  1. Easy Street (A.R. Jones) - 5:52
  2. Green Chimneys - 9:00
  3. In Walked Bud - 4:17

CD re-issue[edit]

  1. "Thelonious" – 3:13
  2. "Ugly Beauty" – 3:17
  3. "Raise Four" – 5:47
  4. "Boo Boo's Birthday" – 5:56
  5. "Easy Street" (Alan Rankin Jones) – 5:53
  6. "Green Chimneys" – 9:00
  7. "In Walked Bud" (Jon Hendricks, Monk) – 4:17

Special Edition[edit]

  1. "Thelonious" – 3:16
  2. "Ugly Beauty" – 10:45
  3. "Raise Four" – 7:00
  4. "Boo Boo's Birthday (Take 11)" – 5:55
  5. "Easy Street" – 7:50
  6. "Green Chimneys" – 13:09
  7. "In Walked Bud" – 6:48
  8. "Ugly Beauty (Take 4)" – 7:37
  9. "Boo Boo's Birthday (Take 2)" – 5:34
  10. "Thelonious (Take 3)" – 3:10

Personnel[edit]

Musicians[edit]

Production[edit]

  • Teo Macero – production
  • Tim Geelan – engineering
  • Horn Grinner Studios – photography
  • John Berg, Richard Mantel – art direction

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Planer, Lindsay. Underground at AllMusic
  2. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. pp. 145. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  3. ^ Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin. p. 1024. ISBN 978-0-141-03401-0.
  4. ^ "1968 Grammy Winners". grammy.com. Retrieved May 8, 2020.