Underground (Thelonious Monk album)

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Underground
Thelonious Monk-Underground (album cover).jpg
Studio album by
Released1968
RecordedDecember 14 and 21, 1967; February 14, 1968
GenreJazz
Length37:23 (1:11:04 on Special Edition)
LabelColumbia
ProducerTeo Macero
Thelonious Monk chronology
Straight, No Chaser
(1967)
Underground
(1968)
Monk's Blues
(1968)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[1]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide4/5 stars[2]

Underground is an album by Thelonious Monk. It features Monk on piano, Larry Gales on bass, Charlie Rouse on tenor sax, and Ben Riley on drums.[1] This is the last Monk album featuring the Thelonious Monk Quartet.[1]

Its cover image depicts Monk as a French Resistance fighter in the Second World War.[1] It won the Grammy Award for Best Album Cover.[3]

Music[edit]

"Green Chimneys" is named after the school attended by Monk's daughter.[1]

For "In Walked Bud", Jon Hendricks added lyrics.[1]

Track listing[edit]

All songs composed by Thelonious Monk unless otherwise noted.

Original LP[edit]

Side One

  1. Thelonious - 3:14
  2. Ugly Beauty - 7:20
  3. Raise Four - 4:36
  4. Boo Boo's Birthday - 5:56

Side Two

  1. Easy Street (A.R. Jones) - 5:52
  2. Green Chimneys - 9:00
  3. In Walked Bud - 4:17

CD re-issue[edit]

  1. "Thelonious" – 3:13
  2. "Ugly Beauty" – 3:17
  3. "Raise Four" – 5:47
  4. "Boo Boo's Birthday" – 5:56
  5. "Easy Street" (Alan Rankin Jones) – 5:53
  6. "Green Chimneys" – 9:00
  7. "In Walked Bud" (Jon Hendricks, Monk) – 4:17

Special Edition[edit]

  1. "Thelonious" – 3:16
  2. "Ugly Beauty" – 10:45
  3. "Raise Four" – 7:00
  4. "Boo Boo's Birthday (Take 11)" – 5:55
  5. "Easy Street" – 7:50
  6. "Green Chimneys" – 13:09
  7. "In Walked Bud" – 6:48
  8. "Ugly Beauty (Take 4)" – 7:37
  9. "Boo Boo's Birthday (Take 2)" – 5:34
  10. "Thelonious (Take 3)" – 3:10

Personnel[edit]

Musicians[edit]

  • Thelonious Monk – piano
  • Charlie Rouse – tenor saxophone
  • Larry Gales – bass
  • Ben Riley – drums
  • Jon Hendricks – vocals on "In Walked Bud"

Production[edit]

  • Teo Macero – production
  • Tim Geelan – engineering
  • Horn Grinner Studios – photography
  • John Berg, Richard Mantel – art direction

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Planer, Lindsay. Underground at AllMusic
  2. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 145. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  3. ^ "1968 Grammy Winners". grammy.com. Retrieved May 8, 2020.