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Унеча (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Bryansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Bryansk Oblast in Russia
Unecha is located in Bryansk Oblast
Location of Unecha in Bryansk Oblast
Coat of Arms of Unecha (Bryansk oblast) (1986).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Bryansk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Unechsky District[2]
Urban Administrative Okrug Unechsky[2]
Administrative center of Unechsky District,[1] Unechsky Urban Administrative Okrug[2]
Municipal status (as of August 2012)
Municipal district Unechsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Unechskoye Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Unechsky Municipal District,[3] Unechskoye Urban Settlement[3]
Population (2010 Census) 26,197 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Town status since 1940[citation needed]
Unecha on Wikimedia Commons

Unecha (Russian: Уне́ча) is a town and the administrative center of Unechsky District in Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Unecha River (the Dnieper's basin) 140 kilometers (87 mi) southwest of Bryansk, the administrative center of the oblast.


Town status was granted to it in 1940.[citation needed]

From 1936 to 1951 Unecha was the home station for the Unecha motive branch of the Belarusian railway. From September 1943 to March 1944 the Directorate of the Belarusian railway was situated in the town.

Prior to the war, about 12% of inhabitants were Jews. 1,708 Jews were living in Unecha. The town was occupied by the German army in the middle of August 1941. A large number of Jews managed to flee to the east before the Germans’ arrival. Shortly after the German occupation, the Jews were distinguished and forbidden to leave the town. In October 1941, all the Jews were confined to a closed ghetto, where they stayed till its liquidation in mid-March 1942. Due to harsh living conditions and hunger, many Jews died before the liquidation. Hundred of them were executed and group of Roma from another village were murdered alongside the Jews on this day.[6]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Unecha serves as the administrative center of Unechsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with six rural localities, incorporated within Unechsky District as Unechsky Urban Administrative Okrug.[2] As a municipal division, Unechsky Urban Administrative Okrug is incorporated within Unechsky Municipal District as Unechskoye Urban Settlement.[3]



  1. ^ a b c d Law #13-Z
  2. ^ a b c d Law #69-Z
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #3-Z
  4. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ http://yahadmap.org/#village/unecha-bryansk-russia.543


  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №13-З от 5 июня 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Брянской области», в ред. Закона №4-З от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Брянской области». Опубликован: "Брянский рабочий", №119, 24 июня 1997 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #13-Z of June 5, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #4-Z of February 5, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Bryansk Oblast. ).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №69-З от 2 ноября 2012 г. «Об образовании городских административных округов, поселковых административных округов, сельских административных округов, установлении границ, наименований и административных центров административных округов в Брянской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2013 г. Опубликован: Информационный бюллетень "Официальная Брянщина", №16, 6 ноября 2012 г.. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #69-Z of November 2, 2002 On the Establishment of Urban Administrative Okrugs, Settlement Administrative Okrugs, Rural Administrative Okrugs, on Establishing Borders, Names, and Administrative Centers of the Administrative Okrugs of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2013.).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №3-З от 9 марта 2005 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом статусом городского округа, муниципального района, городского поселения, сельского поселения и установлении границ муниципальных образований в Брянской области», в ред. Закона №75-З от 28 сентября 2015 г. «Об изменении статуса населённого пункта посёлок Красный Ятвиж Клетнянского района Брянской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Брянская неделя", №13, 8 апреля 2005 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #3-Z of March 9, 2005 On Granting the Municipal Formations the Status of Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement and on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #75-Z of September 28, 2015 On Changing the Status of the Inhabited Locality the Settlement of Krasny Yatvizh in Kletnyansky District of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).