Democratic Union of Catalonia

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Democratic Union of Catalonia
Unió Democràtica de Catalunya
Abbreviation UDC
Secretary Ramon Espadaler
Founded 7 November 1931
Dissolved 24 March 2017
Headquarters C/Nàpols, 35-39
Barcelona
Ideology Regionalism
Christian democracy[1]
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-right
European affiliation European People's Party
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours Blue, White

The Democratic Union of Catalonia (Catalan: Unió Democràtica de Catalunya, UDC; IPA: [uniˈo ðəmuˈkɾatikə ðə kətəˈɫuɲə]) was a regionalist and Christian democratic political party in the Catalonia region of Spain. Together with the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia, until 2015 it was part of the Convergence and Union (CiU) coalition. They ruled the Generalitat de Catalunya until its breakup.

It described itself as Catalan nationalist and Christian democrat, and was a member of the European People's Party (EPP), and a full member of The Union of the Robert Schuman Institute for Developing Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe located in Budapest, Hungary.

Break with the CiU[edit]

By June 2015 tensions within the two parties forming the Convergence and Union federation had reached an all-time high in June 2015 due to differences between the positions of the UDC leadership and the Democratic Convergence (CDC) leader Artur Mas over the sovereignty process. CDC was in favour of outright independence even if it meant breaking the established Spanish legality, while UDC was against doing it without the acceptance of the Spanish government.

As a result, a referendum of UDC members was held on 14 June 2015, asking whether UDC should commit itself to continue with the process but with certain conditions, including not violating the legality in force through unilateral independence declarations or starting constituent processes at the margin of legal norms.[2][3] Such a position, supported by UDC leaders and contrary to the signed agreements between CDC, ERC and sovereignty entities, was approved by UDC members with an adjusted 50.9%.[4] After this, meetings between UDC and CDC leaders led to an ultimatum from CDC to UDC for the latter to decide within "two or three days" whether it committed itself to the independence plan.[5]

On 17 June, after a meeting of the UDC leadership, it was announced that UDC was withdrawing all three of its members from the Government of the Generalitat of Catalonia, although they agreed to maintain parliamentary stability until the end of the legislature.[6] That same day at night, the CDC National Executive Committee met and in a press conference the next day confirmed that UDC and CDC would not stand together in the 2015 regional election, and that the political project of the CiU federation was over, spelling the end of 37 years of cooperation between both parties as Convergence and Union.[7][8]

Later in July 2015, a pro-independence faction of the UDC broke away to found the Democrats of Catalonia. In the 2015 Catalan parliamentary election the UDC lost all 13 of its seats.

On 24 March 2017, UDC was dissolved by its last secretary general, Ramon Espalader, because of several electoral defeats and economic debts.[9][10]

Electoral performance[edit]

Parliament of Catalonia[edit]

Date Votes Seats Status Size
#  % ±pp # ±
1980 752,943 27.8% Government *
1984 1,346,729 46.8% +19.0 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg8 Government *
1988 1,232,514 45.7% –1.1 Red Arrow Down.svg1 Government *
1992 1,221,233 46.2% +0.5 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Government *
1995 1,320,071 40.9% –5.3 Red Arrow Down.svg2 Government *
1999 1,178,420 37.7% –3.2 Red Arrow Down.svg1 Government *
2003 1,024,425 30.9% –6.8 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition *
2006 935,756 31.5% +0.6 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Opposition *
2010 1,202,830 38.4% +6.9 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3 Government *
2012 1,116,259 30.7% –7.7 Red Arrow Down.svg4 Government *
2015 103,293 2.5% N/A Red Arrow Down.svg13 N/A 7th

Cortes Generales[edit]

Spain[edit]

Congress of Deputies
Date Votes Seats Status Size Notes
#  % ±pp # ±
1977 172,791 0.9% Opposition *
1979 483,353 2.7% –0.1 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition ** government support 1980–81
1982 772,726 3.7% +1.0 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Opposition **
1986 1,014,258 5.0% +1.3 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Opposition **
1989 1,032,243 5.0% ±0.0 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition **
1993 1,165,783 4.9% −0.1 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition ** government support 1993–95
1996 1,151,633 4.6% −0.3 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition ** government support
2000 970,421 4.2% −0.4 Red Arrow Down.svg1 Opposition **
2004 835,471 3.2% −1.0 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition **
2008 779,425 3.0% −0.2 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition **
2011 1,015,691 4.2% +1.2 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Opposition **
2015 65,388 0.3% N/A Red Arrow Down.svg6 N/A 14th
 
Senate
Date Seats Size
# ±
1977 *
1979 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1982 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 ***
1986 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1989 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 **
1993 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 **
1996 Red Arrow Down.svg1 **
2000 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
2004 Red Arrow Down.svg2 **
2008 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
2011 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 **
2015 Red Arrow Down.svg2 **

Catalonia[edit]

Congress of Deputies
Date Votes Seats Size
#  % ±pp # ±
1977 172,791 5.7% *
1979 483,353 16.4% –0.5 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1982 772,726 22.5% +6.1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 **
1986 1,014,258 32.0% +9.5 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 **
1989 1,032,243 32.7% +0.7 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1993 1,165,783 31.8% −0.9 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1996 1,151,633 29.6% −2.2 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
2000 970,421 28.8% −0.8 Red Arrow Down.svg1 **
2004 835,471 20.8% −8.0 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
2008 779,425 20.9% +0.1 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
2011 1,015,691 29.3% +8.4 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 **
2015 65,388 1.7% N/A Red Arrow Down.svg6 7th
 
Senate
Date Seats Size
# ±
1977 *
1979 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1982 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 ***
1986 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1989 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 **
1993 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 **
1996 Red Arrow Down.svg1 **
2000 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
2004 Red Arrow Down.svg2 **
2008 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
2011 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 **
2015 Red Arrow Down.svg2 7th

European Parliament[edit]

Date Votes Seats Size
#  % ±pp # ±
1987 853,603 4.4% **
1989 666,602 4.2% –0.2 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1994 865,913 4.7% +0.5 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
1999 937,687 4.4% –0.3 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 **
2004 798,816 5.1% +0.7 Red Arrow Down.svg1 **
2009 808,246 5.1% ±0.0 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 ***
2014 851,971 5.4% +0.3 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 ****

References[edit]