Unibrow

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Close up of a unibrow.

A unibrow (or jacco brow or monobrow; called synophrys in medicine) is a single eyebrow created when the two eyebrows meet in the middle above the bridge of the nose.[1] The hair above the bridge of the nose is of the same color and thickness as the eyebrows, such that they converge to form one uninterrupted line of hair.

History[edit]

The word monobrow first appeared in print in 1968,[2] and the adjectival form monobrowed followed in 1973, in Martin Amis' novel The Rachel Papers.[3] The first known use of the word unibrow was in 1981.[4]

Culture and beauty[edit]

Oman[edit]

A unibrow is considered as a sign of beauty by Baluchi Omanis. Its popularity causes women to draw a black line joining the brows as a part of their routine makeup to fake a unibrow. A study found the prevalence of synophrys to be at 11.87% in the Omani population.[5]

Tajikistan[edit]

In Tajikistan,[6] a unibrow is viewed as an attractive quality in both men and women.[citation needed] For women, it is associated with virginity and purity and, in men, virility.[citation needed] If there is no unibrow present, or if it is weak, it is commonplace for women to use a kohl liner or a modern kajal pen to simulate a unibrow.[citation needed]

Elsewhere[edit]

New Zealand politician Brian MacDonell

The unibrow has largely been seen as undesirable in the Americas and Europe, with the hairs often plucked, shaved, or waxed away.[7][8] The artist Frida Kahlo was famous for her unibrow, which she often depicted in self-portraits.[9][10] Greek-Cypriot model Sophia Hadjipanteli is also known for her unibrow.[11]

It is also the trademark of NBA player Anthony Davis,[12] football player Marouane Fellaini and YouTuber ElectroBOOM. Famous boxer Roberto Elizondo also famously sported a unibrow during his professional boxing fighting days.[13]

Bert, Herry Monster, and Oscar the Grouch from Sesame Street, Muppets Sam Eagle, Statler and Animal, Tim Lockwood from Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs, Spanky Ham from Drawn Together, Squilliam Fancyson from SpongeBob SquarePants, Helga Pataki from Hey Arnold!, and Baby Gerald from The Simpsons are fictional characters with a unibrow.

Medicine[edit]

Genetics[edit]

The unibrow is a genetic trait.[14] It is associated with the PAX3 gene.[15]

Medical conditions[edit]

A unibrow is part of normal human variation, but can also stem from developmental disorders. A unibrow is a recognized feature of Cornelia De Lange syndrome, a genetic disorder whose main features include moderate to severe learning difficulties, limb abnormalities such as oligodactyly (fewer than normal fingers or toes), and phocomelia (malformed limbs), and facial abnormalities including a long philtrum (the slight depression/line between the nose and mouth).

Other medical conditions associated with a unibrow include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "confluent eyebrow". TheFreeDictionary.com. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
  2. ^ "mono-brow, n." www.oed.com. Retrieved 2020-08-14.
  3. ^ "mono-browed, adj". www.oed.com. Retrieved 2020-08-14.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Elise T. (24 Nov 1981). "How Brooke Shields is raising eyebrows again". Evening Sun. Baltimore, MD. p. 9. Retrieved 12 Mar 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Synophrys: Epidemiological Study.P.Kumar. Int J Trichology.2017;9(3):105-107.doi: 10.4103/ijt.ijt_14_17 PMC 5596643.
  6. ^ Elder, Miriam (November 27, 2010). "Where the unibrow reigns". Global Post. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  7. ^ Adame, Amanda (2017-05-25). "People Are Embracing The Unibrow – Here's Why It's A Good Thing". Konbini United States. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  8. ^ Usborne, Simon (2017-05-03). "Why it's finally cool to have a monobrow". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  9. ^ "An Open Letter to the AGO About Frida Kahlo's Unibrow – Shameless Magazine". shamelessmag.com.
  10. ^ "Why Frida Kahlo's unibrow is important". NET-A-PORTER.
  11. ^ "Meet the model 'owning' her unibrow". Stuff. 4 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Anthony Davis Trademarked His Unibrow". Business Insider Australia. 26 June 2012.
  13. ^ "Roberto Elizondo Boxer - Wiki, Profile, Boxrec". 7 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Human Traits". faculty.southwest.tn.edu. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
  15. ^ Adhikari, Kaustubh. "How we discovered the genetic origin of the 'monobrow' and other hair traits". The Conversation. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  16. ^ "Chromosome 3p- syndrome | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) – an NCATS Program". rarediseases.info.nih.gov. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  17. ^ "Kleefstra syndrome: MedlinePlus Genetics". medlineplus.gov. Retrieved 2021-11-23.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Unibrows at Wikimedia Commons