Cuneiform (Unicode block)

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Range U+12000..U+123FF
(1,024 code points)
Plane SMP
Scripts Cuneiform
Major alphabets Sumerian
Assigned 922 code points
Unused 102 reserved code points
Unicode version history
5.0 879 (+879)
7.0 921 (+42)
8.0 922 (+1)
Note: [1][2]

In Unicode, the Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform script is covered in three blocks in the Supplementary Multilingual Plane (SMP):

The sample glyphs in the chart file published by the Unicode Consortium[3] show the characters in their Classical Sumerian form (Early Dynastic period, mid 3rd millennium BCE). The characters as written during the 2nd and 1st millennia BCE, the era during which the vast majority of cuneiform texts were written, are considered font variants of the same characters.

Character inventory and ordering[edit]

The final proposal for Unicode encoding of the script was submitted by two cuneiform scholars working with an experienced Unicode proposal writer in June 2004.[4] The base character inventory is derived from the list of Ur III signs compiled by the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative of UCLA based on the inventories of Miguel Civil, Rykle Borger (2003), and Robert Englund. Rather than opting for a direct ordering by glyph shape and complexity, according to the numbering of an existing catalogue, the Unicode order of glyphs was based on the Latin alphabetic order of their 'main' Sumerian transliteration as a practical approximation.

Of the 907 signs listed by Borger (2003), some 200 have no encoding at a single codepoint. Conversely, a number of combinations considered reducible by Borger were assigned unique codepoints. These differences are due to the difficulty of establishing what represents a single character in cuneiform, and indeed most of Borger's items not encoded have straightforward etymological decomposition. There are still quite a number of universally recognized signs missing, and criticism has been voiced to the effect that the encoding "disregards an important part of the accumulated knowledge of generations of assyriologists about what actually function as single signs in normal texts, and are reflected in the traditional sign lists, most recently and comprehensively Borger's Mesopotamische Zeichenliste".[5] For example, there are signs written as ligatures of varying constituent signs, such as KURUM7 (Borger 2003 no. 729) that was written IGI.NÍG in early times, but later IGI.ERIM. Since there is no codepoint for KURUM7, the sign must be expressed as either IGI.NÍG (U+12146 U+1243C, 𒅆𒐼) or IGI.ERIM (U+12146 U+1209F, 𒅆𒂟) depending on the shape of the glyph, in violation[citation needed] of the basic principle of Unicode to encode characters, not glyphs. While those signs can in principle still be added by a "Cuneiform Extended" range in the future, as has been done for a number of other scripts ("Latin Extended" etc.), their absence as of Unicode 7.0 means that the standard's usability for the encoding of actual texts is limited.

Rather than opting for an ordering by glyph shape and complexity, the Unicode order of characters is the Latin alphabet order of their "main" Sumerian transliteration (placing signs on Š-, transliterated as SH-, between SAR and SI). In most (but not all) cases, the "etymological" decomposition of originally complex signs ("ligatures") has been chosen, even if the sign's most familiar value is another. For example, U+12066 𒁦 DAG KISIM5 TIMES LU PLUS MASH2 is better known as AMAŠ, U+12258 𒉘 NINDA2 TIMES NE is better known as ÁG, and U+1212F 𒄯 HI TIMES ASH2 is better known as ḪAR or ḪUR.

List of signs[edit]

See also list of cuneiform signs.

The following table allows matching of Borger's 1981 and 2003 numbering with Unicode characters [6] The "primary" transliteration column has the glyphs' Sumerian values as given by the official glyph name, slightly modified here for legibility by including traditional assyriological symbols such as "x" rather than "TIMES". The exact Unicode names can be unambiguously recovered by prefixing, "CUNEIFORM [NUMERIC] SIGN", replacing "TIMES" for "x", "PLUS" for "+" and "OVER" for "/", "ASTERISK" for "*", "H" for "Ḫ", "SH" for "Š", and switching to uppercase.

Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform[edit]

Codepoint "Primary" transliteration Borger
𒀀 U+12000 A 839 579
𒀁 U+12001 A x A 845 583 EDURU
𒀂 U+12002 A x BAD 840 580 AGAM
𒀃 U+12003 A x GAN2 tenû
𒀄 U+12004 A x ḪA 846 584; 587 ZAḪ3
𒀅 U+12005 A x IGI 844 581 ÍR
𒀆 U+12006 A x LAGAR gunû 843 582
𒀇 U+12007 A x MUŠ 842
𒀈 U+12008 A x SAG 841 585
𒀉 U+12009 A2 560 334 ID
𒀊 U+1200A AB 223 128 ABBA
𒀋 U+1200B AB x AŠ2 227 128**,200a
𒀌 U+1200C AB x DUN3 gunû
𒀍 U+1200D AB x GAL 228 194
𒀎 U+1200E AB x GAN2 tenû 225 198
𒀏 U+1200F AB x ḪA 236 200 NINA
𒀐 U+12010 AB x IGI gunû 229 196
𒀑 U+12011 AB x IMIN 237
𒀒 U+12012 AB x LAGAB 234
𒀓 U+12013 AB x ŠEŠ 226 200c
𒀔 U+12014 AB x U + U + U 232 UNUG
𒀕 U+12015 AB gunû ÚNU
𒀖 U+12016 AB2 672 420 LID
𒀗 U+12017 AB2 x BALAG 676 422 LILIZ
𒀘 U+12018 AB2 x GAN2 tenû 674 423 KIR6
𒀙 U+12019 AB2 x ME + EN 679 426
𒀚 U+1201A AB2 x ŠA3 677 424 LIBIŠ
𒀛 U+1201B AB2 x TAK4 673 420,8
𒀜 U+1201C AD 258 145 ADDA
𒀝 U+1201D AK 127 97 AG
𒀞 U+1201E AK x ERIN2 129 98 ME3
𒀟 U+1201F AK x ŠITA + GIŠ 128
𒀠 U+12020 AL 474 298
𒀡 U+12021 AL x AL 478
𒀢 U+12022 AL x DIM2 480
𒀣 U+12023 AL x GIŠ 477 301
𒀤 U+12024 AL x ḪA 482 305
𒀥 U+12025 AL x KAD3
𒀦 U+12026 AL x KI 481 303
𒀧 U+12027 AL x ŠE 348,479 205 IL
𒀨 U+12028 AL x UŠ 476 300
𒀩 U+12029 ALAN 573 358
𒀪 U+1202A aleph 635 397 late variant of AḪ; HZL nr. 332
𒀫 U+1202B AMAR 695 437 ZUR
𒀬 U+1202C AMAR x ŠE 696 438 SISKUR
𒀭 U+1202D AN 010 13
𒀮 U+1202E AN / AN
𒀯 U+1202F AN three times MUL
𒀰 U+12030 AN + NAGA opposing AN + NAGA
𒀱 U+12031 AN + NAGA squared
𒀲 U+12032 ANŠE 353 208 "donkey"
𒀳 U+12033 APIN 090 56 ÀBSIN, ENGAR
𒀴 U+12034 ARAD 0018 50
𒀵 U+12035 ARAD x KUR 0019 51
𒀶 U+12036 ARKAB 859v NIG2.IB, ARGAB
𒀷 U+12037 ASAL2
𒀸 U+12038 001 001 also DIŠ, DILI, DIDLI (plural)
𒀹 U+12039 AŠ ZIDA tenû 575 209 DIŠ tenû, ĜE23
𒀺 U+1203A AŠ KABA tenû 647?
𒀻 U+1203B AŠ / AŠ TUG2 / TUG2 TUG2 / TUG2 PAP
𒀼 U+1203C AŠ / AŠ / AŠ 505 325* 16
𒀽 U+1203D AŠ / AŠ / AŠ crossing AŠ / AŠ / AŠ 649 364/5,5-6 ŠUŠUR2
𒀾 U+1203E 2 548 339
𒀿 U+1203F AŠGAB 173 6
𒁀 U+12040 BA 014 005 BA.BA.ZA = "porridge"
𒁁 U+12041 BAD 113 69 MUD2
𒁂 U+12042 BAG3 78
𒁃 U+12043 BAḪAR2 309
𒁄 U+12044 BAL 005 9
𒁅 U+12045 BAL / BAL
𒁆 U+12046 BALAG 565 352 DUB2
𒁇 U+12047 BAR 121 74
𒁈 U+12048 BARA2 554 344
𒁉 U+12049 BI 358 214
𒁊 U+1204A BI x A
𒁋 U+1204B BI x GAR 361 214c
𒁌 U+1204C BI x IGI gunû
𒁍 U+1204D BU 580 371 GID2
𒁎 U+1204E BU / BU AB 582
𒁏 U+1204F BU / BU UN
𒁐 U+12050 BU crossing BU 581
𒁑 U+12051 BULUG 169 60
𒁒 U+12052 BULUG / BULUG
𒁓 U+12053 BUR 559 349 NIG2 gunû
𒁔 U+12054 BUR2 008
𒁕 U+12055 DA 561 335
𒁖 U+12056 DAG 438 280 PAR3
𒁗 U+12057 DAG KISIM5 x A + MAŠ 461 294b
𒁘 U+12058 DAG KISIM5 x AMAR 458 288
𒁙 U+12059 DAG KISIM5 x BALAG 457
𒁚 U+1205A DAG KISIM5 x BI 447 288
𒁛 U+1205B DAG KISIM5 x GA 455 291 UBUR
𒁜 U+1205C DAG KISIM5 x GA + MAŠ
𒁝 U+1205D DAG KISIM5 x GI 444 284
𒁞 U+1205E DAG KISIM5 x GIR2 440 281a; 294e; 432,1 KIŠI8
𒁟 U+1205F DAG KISIM5 x GUD 452 289 UTUL5
𒁠 U+12060 DAG KISIM5 x ḪA 462 294d
𒁡 U+12061 DAG KISIM5 x IR 450 UBUR3
𒁢 U+12062 DAG KISIM5 x IR + LU 451 UBUR4
𒁣 U+12063 DAG KISIM5 x KAK 448 294f
𒁤 U+12064 DAG KISIM5 x LA 441 282
𒁥 U+12065 DAG KISIM5 x LU 459 UBUR2
𒁦 U+12066 DAG KISIM5 x LU + MAŠ2 460 293; 294 AMAŠ
𒁧 U+12067 DAG KISIM5 x LUM 463 294a
𒁨 U+12068 DAG KISIM5 x NE 446 286
𒁩 U+12069 DAG KISIM5 x PAP + PAP
𒁪 U+1206A DAG KISIM5 x SI 445 285
𒁫 U+1206B DAG KISIM5 x TAK4 443 283
𒁬 U+1206C DAG KISIM5 x U2 + GIR2 453 290
𒁭 U+1206D DAG KISIM5 x UŠ 449 287 UTUA
𒁮 U+1206E DAM 889 557
𒁯 U+1206F DAR 183 114 GUN3, ḪUR gunû, SI gunû
𒁰 U+12070 DARA3 166 100 "ibex"
𒁱 U+12071 DARA4 817 540
𒁲 U+12072 DI 736 457
𒁳 U+12073 DIB 813 537 DAB
𒁴 U+12074 DIM 167 94
𒁵 U+12075 DIM x ŠE 168 94 MUN
𒁶 U+12076 DIM2 686 440 GIM
𒁷 U+12077 DIN 119 465
𒁸 U+12078 DIN KASKAL U gunû DIŠ
𒁹 U+12079 DIŠ 748; 749 480 NIGIDA
𒁺 U+1207A DU 350 206 RE6, GUB, ŠA4
𒁻 U+1207B DU / DU 350 206a LAḪ4, RE7
𒁼 U+1207C DU gunû 351 201 GIR6, SUḪUŠ
𒁽 U+1207D DU šešig 352 202 GIR5, KAŠ4
𒁾 U+1207E DUB 242 138 KIŠIB3
𒁿 U+1207F DUB x EŠ2
𒂀 U+12080 DUB2
𒂁 U+12081 DUG 499 309 BI x A
𒂂 U+12082 DUGUD 704 445
𒂃 U+12083 DUḪ 298 167 GAB, DU8, TUḪ
𒂄 U+12084 DUN 744 467 ŠUL
𒂅 U+12085 DUN3 836 595 GÍN, TÙN
𒂆 U+12086 DUN3 gunû
𒂇 U+12087 DUN3 gunû gunû MIR
𒂈 U+12088 DUN4 557 348 DUL4, UR gunû šešig, MIR šešig
𒂉 U+12089 DUR2 808 DURU2, DURUN, TUKUL, TUŠ
𒂊 U+1208A E 498 308
𒂋 U+1208B E x PAP
𒂌 U+1208C E / E NUN / NUN
𒂍 U+1208D E2 495 324
𒂎 U+1208E E2 x A + ḪA + DA
𒂏 U+1208F E2 x GAR
𒂐 U+12090 E2 x MI
𒂑 U+12091 E2 x SAL
𒂒 U+12092 E2 x ŠE
𒂓 U+12093 E2 x U
𒂔 U+12094 EDIN 300 170 EDEN
𒂕 U+12095 EGIR 356 209
𒂖 U+12096 EL 899 564 SIKIL
𒂗 U+12097 EN 164 99
𒂘 U+12098 EN x GAN2 165 54 BURU14
𒂙 U+12099 EN x GAN2 tenû
𒂚 U+1209A EN x ME 164lig2
𒂛 U+1209B EN crossing EN
𒂜 U+1209C EN opposing EN
𒂝 U+1209D EN squared
𒂞 U+1209E EREN 818 541
𒂟 U+1209F ERIN2 612; 613 393 ERIM, ZALAG2; PIRIG
𒂠 U+120A0 2 810; 811 536 ŠE3, GI7, ZI3
𒂡 U+120A1 EZEN 271 152 IZIN, KEŠDA
𒂢 U+120A2 EZEN x A 288
𒂣 U+120A3 EZEN x A + LAL 289 159 SIL7
𒂤 U+120A4 EZEN x A + LAL x LAL 290 160 ASILAL4
𒂥 U+120A5 EZEN x AN
𒂦 U+120A6 EZEN x BAD 275 152 UG5, UN3, BAD3
𒂧 U+120A7 EZEN x DUN3 gunû 287 162
𒂨 U+120A8 EZEN x DUN3 gunû gunû
𒂩 U+120A9 EZEN x ḪA 291 161
𒂪 U+120AA EZEN x ḪA gunû
𒂫 U+120AB EZEN x IGI gunû
𒂬 U+120AC EZEN x KASKAL 277
𒂭 U+120AD EZEN x KASKAL squared
𒂮 U+120AE EZEN x KU3 284 152
𒂯 U+120AF EZEN x LA 274 152
𒂰 U+120B0 EZEN x LAL x LAL
𒂱 U+120B1 EZEN x LI 273 153
𒂲 U+120B2 EZEN x LU 286 157
𒂳 U+120B3 EZEN x U2 279
𒂴 U+120B4 EZEN x UD 283
𒂵 U+120B5 GA 491 319
𒂶 U+120B6 GA gunû 492
𒂷 U+120B7 GA2 387 233
𒂸 U+120B8 GA2 x A + DA + ḪA 428 273
𒂹 U+120B9 GA2 x A + ḪA
𒂺 U+120BA GA2 x A + IGI 429 274
𒂻 U+120BB GA2 x AB2 tenû + TAB 423?
𒂼 U+120BC GA2 x AN 392 237 AMA
𒂽 U+120BD GA2 x AŠ 389 234
𒂾 U+120BE GA2 x AŠ2 + GAL 414 258
𒂿 U+120BF GA2 x BAD 395 242
𒃀 U+120C0 GA2 x BAR + RA
𒃁 U+120C1 GA2 x BUR
𒃂 U+120C2 GA2 x BUR + RA 415 259
𒃃 U+120C3 GA2 x DA 416 416
𒃄 U+120C4 GA2 x DI 425 268
𒃅 U+120C5 GA2 x DIM x ŠE 401 206
𒃆 U+120C6 GA2 x DUB 403 250
𒃇 U+120C7 GA2 x EL
𒃈 U+120C8 GA2 x EL + LA 433 272
𒃉 U+120C9 GA2 x EN 399 247
𒃊 U+120CA GA2 x EN x GAN2 tenû 400 239 GA2 x BURU14
𒃋 U+120CB GA2 x GAN2 tenû 402 248
𒃌 U+120CC GA2 x GAR 431 278 GALGA
𒃍 U+120CD GA2 x GI 396 243
𒃎 U+120CE GA2 x GI4 412 256
𒃏 U+120CF GA2 x GI4 + A
𒃐 U+120D0 GA2 x GIR2 + SU 391 236
𒃑 U+120D1 GA2 x ḪA + LU + EŠ2 430 277
𒃒 U+120D2 GA2 x ḪAL
𒃓 U+120D3 GA2 x ḪAL + LA 390 235
𒃔 U+120D4 GA2 x ḪI + LI 421 263
𒃕 U+120D5 GA2 x ḪUB2 398
𒃖 U+120D6 GA2 x IGI gunû 417 260
𒃗 U+120D7 GA2 x IŠ + ḪU + AŠ 406 250i
𒃘 U+120D8 GA2 x KAK 407 251
𒃙 U+120D9 GA2 x KASKAL 405 250d
𒃚 U+120DA GA2 x KID 394 241
𒃛 U+120DB GA2 x KID + LAL 409 251
𒃜 U+120DC GA2 x KU3 + AN 426 269
𒃝 U+120DD GA2 x LA
𒃞 U+120DE GA2 x ME + EN 427 270 MEN
𒃟 U+120DF GA2 x MI 424 265 ITIMA
𒃠 U+120E0 GA2 x NUN 397 244 GANUN
𒃡 U+120E1 GA2 x NUN / NUN 411 255 UR3
𒃢 U+120E2 GA2 x PA 408 252; 257 GAZI, SILA4
𒃣 U+120E3 GA2 x SAL 432 271 ARḪUŠ
𒃤 U+120E4 GA2 x SAR 413 250b
𒃥 U+120E5 GA2 x ŠE 418 261 ESAG2
𒃦 U+120E6 GA2 x ŠE + TUR 419 261a; 272a
𒃧 U+120E7 GA2 x ŠID 410 252
𒃨 U+120E8 GA2 x SUM 404 250c
𒃩 U+120E9 GA2 x TAK4 394
𒃪 U+120EA GA2 x U 422 264
𒃫 U+120EB GA2 x UD 420 262
𒃬 U+120EC GA2 x UD + DU
𒃭 U+120ED GA2 / GA2
𒃮 U+120EE GABA 167
𒃯 U+120EF GABA crossing GABA
𒃰 U+120F0 GAD 157 90
𒃱 U+120F1 GAD / GAD GAR / GAR
𒃲 U+120F2 GAL 553 343
𒃴 U+120F4 GALAM 338 176k SUKUD
𒃵 U+120F5 GAM 576 362
𒃶 U+120F6 GAN 253 143 KAN, ḪE2, SAG7
𒃷 U+120F7 GAN2 174 105I
𒃸 U+120F8 GAN2 tenû 175 105 KAR2, ŠE3 tenû
𒃹 U+120F9 GAN2 / GAN2 174v
𒃺 U+120FA GAN2 crossing GAN2 174v
𒃻 U+120FB GAR 859 597 NINDA, NIG2, ĜAR
𒃼 U+120FC GAR3 543 333
𒃽 U+120FD GAŠAN 562; 563 350 U gunû
𒃾 U+120FE GEŠTIN 212 210
𒃿 U+120FF GEŠTIN x KUR 213
𒄀 U+12100 GI 141 85 GE
𒄁 U+12101 GI x E
𒄂 U+12102 GI x U
𒄃 U+12103 GI crossing GI 105 67 GI16
𒄄 U+12104 GI4 507 326 GE4
𒄅 U+12105 GI4 / GI4 508 326a GIGI
𒄆 U+12106 GI4 crossing GI4 508 326a GIGI
𒄇 U+12107 GIDIM 830 576
𒄈 U+12108 GIR2 006 10 ĜIRI2
𒄉 U+12109 GIR2 gunû 007 10
𒄊 U+1210A GIR3 701 444 PIRIĜ, ĜIRI3, GIRI3
𒄋 U+1210B GIR3 x A + IGI 703 421; 579,396
𒄌 U+1210C GIR3 x GAN2 tenû 675 423 GIRI16
𒄍 U+1210D GIR3 x IGI
𒄎 U+1210E GIR3 x LU + IGI 702 537,129
𒄏 U+1210F GIR3 x PA
𒄐 U+12110 GISAL 376 226
𒄑 U+12111 GIŠ 469 296 ĜEŠ, SAG3
𒄒 U+12112 GIŠ crossing GIŠ 469v
𒄓 U+12113 GIŠ x BAD 471
𒄔 U+12114 GIŠ x TAK4
𒄕 U+12115 GIŠ tenû 470 296 GUR17
𒄖 U+12116 GU 891 559
𒄗 U+12117 GU crossing GU 892 569 SÙḪ
𒄘 U+12118 GU2 176 106
𒄙 U+12119 GU2 x KAK 178
𒄚 U+1211A GU2 x KAK x IGI gunû
𒄛 U+1211B GU2 x NUN
𒄜 U+1211C GU2 x SAL + TUG2
𒄝 U+1211D GU2 gunû 509 327 USAN2
𒄞 U+1211E GUD 472 297 GU4 "cow"
𒄟 U+1211F GUD x A + KUR
𒄠 U+12120 GUD x KUR 309 AM
𒄡 U+12121 GUD / GUD LUGAL 572 357 BIŠEBA3
𒄢 U+12122 GUL 682 429 SUN2
𒄣 U+12123 GUM 339 191 KUM
𒄤 U+12124 GUM x ŠE 340 192 GAZ, GAS
𒄥 U+12125 GUR 180 111
𒄦 U+12126 GUR7 819 542
𒄧 U+12127 GURUN 503 310
𒄨 U+12128 GURUŠ 322
𒄩 U+12129 ḪA 856 589 KU6
𒄪 U+1212A ḪA tenû 857 590 ZUBUD
𒄫 U+1212B ḪA gunû 558 346 GIR, PE
𒄬 U+1212C ḪAL 003 002 = AŠ.AŠ
𒄭 U+1212D ḪI 631 396 DUG3, DUB3
𒄮 U+1212E ḪI x AŠ 634 405 SUR3
𒄯 U+1212F ḪI x AŠ2 644 401 ḪAR, ḪUR, HAR
𒄰 U+12130 ḪI x BAD 640; 595 406 KAM
𒄱 U+12131 ḪI x DIŠ 659 409e ŠÁR x DIŠ
𒄲 U+12132 ḪI x GAD 650 407 ŠÁR x GAD
𒄳 U+12133 ḪI x KIN 660 410
𒄴 U+12134 ḪI x NUN 636 398 AḪ, IḪ, UḪ, AH
𒄵 U+12135 ḪI x ŠE 643 400 BIR
𒄶 U+12136 ḪI x U 653; 688 409 ŠÁR x U; DÚBUR
𒄷 U+12137 ḪU 132 78
𒄸 U+12138 ḪUB2 149 88 TU11, TUN2
𒄹 U+12139 ḪUB2 x AN
𒄺 U+1213A ḪUB2 x ḪAL
𒄻 U+1213B ḪUB2 x KASKAL
𒄼 U+1213C ḪUB2 x LIŠ
𒄽 U+1213D ḪUB2 x UD 150 TU10
𒄾 U+1213E ḪUL2 877 550 HUL2
𒄿 U+1213F I 252 142
𒅀 U+12140 I A
𒅁 U+12141 IB 807 535
𒅂 U+12142 IDIM
𒅃 U+12143 IDIM / IDIM BUR
𒅄 U+12144 IDIM / IDIM squared
𒅅 U+12145 IG 136 80 IK, ĜAL2, GAL2
𒅆 U+12146 IGI 724 449 ŠI, LIM, GI8
𒅇 U+12147 IGI DIB 731 455 U3
𒅈 U+12148 IGI RI 726 451 AR
𒅉 U+12149 IGI / IGI ŠIR / ŠIR UD / UD
𒅊 U+1214A IGI gunû 564 351 SIG7
𒅋 U+1214B IL 348 205
𒅌 U+1214C IL x GAN2 tenû 349
𒅍 U+1214D IL2 493 320
𒅎 U+1214E IM 641 399 TUM9, tumu, TU15
𒅏 U+1214F IM x TAK4 642 399,51
𒅐 U+12150 IM crossing IM 641v 399* DALHAMUN6, MERMER3
𒅑 U+12151 IM opposing IM 641v
𒅒 U+12152 IM squared 641v 399**
𒅓 U+12153 IMIN 863 598c
𒅔 U+12154 IN 261 148
𒅕 U+12155 IR 437 232 GAG gunû, ER
𒅖 U+12156 357 212
𒅗 U+12157 KA 024 15 GU3, ZU2, DUG4, DU11
𒅘 U+12158 KA x A 064 35 NAĜ
𒅙 U+12159 KA x AD
𒅚 U+1215A KA x AD + KU3 034 20
𒅛 U+1215B KA x AŠ2 046
𒅜 U+1215C KA x BAD 11
𒅝 U+1215D KA x BALAG 047
𒅞 U+1215E KA x BAR 030
𒅟 U+1215F KA x BI
𒅠 U+12160 KA x ERIN2 053 29*
𒅡 U+12161 KA x EŠ2
𒅢 U+12162 KA x GA 044
𒅣 U+12163 KA x GAL
𒅤 U+12164 KA x GAN2 tenû 033 19 PU3
𒅥 U+12165 KA x GAR 065 GU7
𒅦 U+12166 KA x GAR + ŠA3 + A 066
𒅧 U+12167 KA x GI
𒅨 U+12168 KA x GIR2 025
𒅩 U+12169 KA x GIŠ + SAR
𒅪 U+1216A KA x GIŠ crossing GIŠ
𒅫 U+1216B KA x GU 069 34
𒅬 U+1216C KA x GUR7 063
𒅭 U+1216D KA x IGI 059
𒅮 U+1216E KA x IM 054 30 BUN2
𒅯 U+1216F KA x KAK 038
𒅰 U+12170 KA x KI 060
𒅱 U+12171 KA x KID
𒅲 U+12172 KA x LI 026 16
𒅳 U+12173 KA x LU
𒅴 U+12174 KA x ME 061 32 EME
𒅵 U+12175 KA x ME + DU
𒅶 U+12176 KA x ME + GI
𒅷 U+12177 KA x ME + TE
𒅸 U+12178 KA x MI 057
𒅹 U+12179 KA x MI + NUNUZ
𒅺 U+1217A KA x NE 035
𒅻 U+1217B KA x NUN 031 18 NUNDUM
𒅼 U+1217C KA x PI 052
𒅽 U+1217D KA x RU 028
𒅾 U+1217E KA x SA 032 18* SU6
𒅿 U+1217F KA x SAR 045
𒆀 U+12180 KA x ŠA 048
𒆁 U+12181 KA x ŠE 050
𒆂 U+12182 KA x ŠID 042
𒆃 U+12183 KA x ŠU 049
𒆄 U+12184 KA x SIG 068
𒆅 U+12185 KA x SUḪUR
𒆆 U+12186 KA x TAR
𒆇 U+12187 KA x U 056
𒆈 U+12188 KA x U2 043
𒆉 U+12189 KA x UD 051
𒆊 U+1218A KA x UMUM x PA
𒆋 U+1218B KA x UŠ 039
𒆌 U+1218C KA x ZI
𒆍 U+1218D KA2 222 133
𒆎 U+1218E KA2 crossing KA2
𒆏 U+1218F KAB 148 88
𒆐 U+12190 KAD2 108 63a
𒆑 U+12191 KAD3 109 63c
𒆒 U+12192 KAD4 568 354b
𒆓 U+12193 KAD5 569 354b
𒆔 U+12194 KAD5 / KAD5
𒆕 U+12195 KAK 379 230 GAG, DU3, RU2
𒆖 U+12196 KAK x IGI gunû
𒆗 U+12197 KAL 496 322 ALAD2
𒆘 U+12198 KAL x BAD 497 323 ALAD
𒆙 U+12199 KAL crossing KAL
𒆚 U+1219A KAM2 595
𒆛 U+1219B KAM4 097
𒆜 U+1219C KASKAL 302 166
𒆝 U+1219D KASKAL LAGAB x U / LAGAB x U 307v ŠUBTU6
𒆟 U+1219F KEŠ2 152
𒆠 U+121A0 KI 737 461 GAN from GANBA(market)
𒆡 U+121A1 KI x BAD 738
𒆢 U+121A2 KI x U 740 462
𒆣 U+121A3 KI x UD 739 463
𒆤 U+121A4 KID 484 313 LÍL, GÉ, KE4
𒆥 U+121A5 KIN 815 538 SAGA11
𒆦 U+121A6 KISAL 435 249
𒆧 U+121A7 KIŠ 678 425
𒆨 U+121A8 KISIM5 687 404*,1
𒆩 U+121A9 KISIM5 / KISIM5 687v
𒆪 U+121AA KU 808 536 DÚR, TUKUL, TUŠ
𒆫 U+121AB KU / ḪI x AŠ2 KU / ḪI x ÁŠ
𒆬 U+121AC KU3 745 468 KUG
𒆭 U+121AD KU4 087 58
𒆮 U+121AE KU4 variant form
𒆯 U+121AF KU7 171 110
𒆰 U+121B0 KUL 117 72
𒆱 U+121B1 KUL gunû
𒆲 U+121B2 KUN 131 77
𒆳 U+121B3 KUR 578 366 GIN3
𒆴 U+121B4 KUR opposing KUR
𒆵 U+121B5 KUŠU2 896 562
𒆶 U+121B6 KWU318
𒆷 U+121B7 LA 089 55
𒆸 U+121B8 LAGAB 755 483 NIGIN2, GUR4
𒆹 U+121B9 LAGAB x A 795 522 AMBAR, BUGIN, BUNIN, SUG
𒆺 U+121BA LAGAB x A + DA + ḪA 797 523*; 524
𒆻 U+121BB LAGAB x A + GAR 799 526
𒆼 U+121BC LAGAB x A + LAL 798
𒆽 U+121BD LAGAB x AL 773 498
𒆾 U+121BE LAGAB x AN 758
𒆿 U+121BF LAGAB x AŠ ZIDA tenû 778 486,1; 504
𒇀 U+121C0 LAGAB x BAD 760 486 GIGIR
𒇁 U+121C1 LAGAB x BI 769 496
𒇂 U+121C2 LAGAB x DAR 765 489
𒇃 U+121C3 LAGAB x EN 764
𒇄 U+121C4 LAGAB x GA 775
𒇅 U+121C5 LAGAB x GAR 801 528
𒇆 U+121C6 LAGAB x GUD 772 493
𒇇 U+121C7 LAGAB x GUD + GUD 766 494
𒇈 U+121C8 LAGAB x ḪA 800 527
𒇉 U+121C9 LAGAB x ḪAL 756 484 ENGUR
𒇊 U+121CA LAGAB x ḪI x NUN 784 509
𒇋 U+121CB LAGAB x IGI gunû
𒇌 U+121CC LAGAB x IM 785 510
𒇍 U+121CD LAGAB x IM + ḪA
𒇎 U+121CE LAGAB x IM + LU
𒇏 U+121CF LAGAB x KI 789 514
𒇐 U+121D0 LAGAB x KIN 794 519
𒇑 U+121D1 LAGAB x KU3 790 513; 506 GARIM
𒇒 U+121D2 LAGAB x KUL 761
𒇓 U+121D3 LAGAB x KUL + ḪI + A 762
𒇔 U+121D4 LAGAB x LAGAB 804 529 NIĜIN
𒇕 U+121D5 LAGAB x LIŠ 782 486,1; 503
𒇖 U+121D6 LAGAB x LU 793 518
𒇗 U+121D7 LAGAB x LUL 777 502
𒇘 U+121D8 LAGAB x ME 791 516
𒇙 U+121D9 LAGAB x ME + EN 792 517
𒇚 U+121DA LAGAB x MUŠ 780 507
𒇛 U+121DB LAGAB x NE 768 495 UDUB
𒇜 U+121DC LAGAB x ŠE + SUM 779 491,6; 492
𒇞 U+121DE LAGAB x ŠITA + GIŠ tenû
𒇟 U+121DF LAGAB x ŠU2 802 520
𒇠 U+121E0 LAGAB x ŠU2 + ŠU2 803 521
𒇡 U+121E1 LAGAB x SUM 767 491 ZAR
𒇢 U+121E2 LAGAB x TAG
𒇣 U+121E3 LAGAB x TAK4 759 485
𒇤 U+121E4 LAGAB x TE + A + SU + NA
𒇥 U+121E5 LAGAB x U 786 511 GÍGIR "wain"; PÚ, TÚL "source, fount"
𒇦 U+121E6 LAGAB x U + A 787 512
𒇧 U+121E7 LAGAB x U + U + U 788 515 BUL
𒇨 U+121E8 LAGAB x U2 + AŠ 774 499
𒇩 U+121E9 LAGAB x UD 783 505
𒇪 U+121EA LAGAB x UŠ 770
𒇫 U+121EB LAGAB squared 805 530
𒇬 U+121EC LAGAR 719 458 HZL nr. 186
𒇭 U+121ED LAGAR x ŠE 722 460 SU7
𒇮 U+121EE LAGAR x ŠE + SUM 723
𒇯 U+121EF LAGAR gunû 721 459 DU6
𒇰 U+121F0 LAGAR gunû / LAGAR gunû ŠE 721v
𒇱 U+121F1 LAḪŠU
𒇲 U+121F2 LAL 750 481 LA2
𒇳 U+121F3 LAL x LAL 751 482 LAL2
𒇴 U+121F4 LAM 693 435 BA from GANBA(market)
𒇵 U+121F5 LAM x KUR 694 436
𒇶 U+121F6 LAM x KUR + RU 694v 436,4
𒇷 U+121F7 LI 085 59
𒇸 U+121F8 LIL 544 336
𒇹 U+121F9 LIMMU2 215 124
𒇺 U+121FA LIŠ 591 377 DÍLIM
𒇻 U+121FB LU 812 537 UDU
𒇼 U+121FC LU x BAD 814 537,65c; 537* ÀD
𒇽 U+121FD LU2 514 330 Person
𒇾 U+121FE LU2 x AL 523
𒇿 U+121FF LU2 x BAD 517
𒈀 U+12200 LU2 x EŠ2
𒈁 U+12201 LU2 x EŠ2 tenû
𒈂 U+12202 LU2 x GAN2 tenû 521
𒈃 U+12203 LU2 x ḪI x BAD
𒈄 U+12204 LU2 x IM 526
𒈅 U+12205 LU2 x KAD2 519
𒈆 U+12206 LU2 x KAD3
𒈇 U+12207 LU2 x KAD3 + AŠ
𒈈 U+12208 LU2 x KI 527
𒈉 U+12209 LU2 x LA + AŠ
𒈊 U+1220A LU2 x LAGAB 528
𒈋 U+1220B LU2 x ME + EN
𒈌 U+1220C LU2 x NE 522
𒈍 U+1220D LU2 x NU
𒈎 U+1220E LU2 x SI + AŠ
𒈏 U+1220F LU2 x SIK2 + BU 533
𒈐 U+12210 LU2 x TUG2 530 AZLAG7
𒈑 U+12211 LU2 tenû 515
𒈒 U+12212 LU2 crossing LU2
𒈓 U+12213 LU2 opposing LU2
𒈔 U+12214 LU2 squared
𒈕 U+12215 LU2 šešig 516; 534 330
𒈖 U+12216 LU3 555 345 GÚG, ŠÈ gunû
𒈗 U+12217 LUGAL 266 151
𒈘 U+12218 LUGAL / LUGAL 266v DADRUM?
𒈙 U+12219 LUGAL opposing LUGAL 266v unattested
𒈚 U+1221A LUGAL šešig
𒈛 U+1221B LUḪ 494 321
𒈜 U+1221C LUL 570 355 NAR
𒈝 U+1221D LUM 900 565 ḪUM
𒈞 U+1221E LUM / LUM 902 565a; 566a
𒈟 U+1221F LUM / LUM GAR / GAR 904 566b LÙGUD
𒈠 U+12220 MA 552 342
𒈡 U+12221 MA x TAK4
𒈢 U+12222 MA gunû 270 146 ḪASḪUR
𒈣 U+12223 MA2 201 122
𒈤 U+12224 MAḪ 091 57 MAH
𒈥 U+12225 MAR 483 307
𒈦 U+12226 MAŠ 120 74
𒈧 U+12227 MAŠ2 130 76
𒈨 U+12228 ME 753 532
𒈩 U+12229 MES 486 533 RID, KIŠIB
𒈪 U+1222A MI 681 427 ĜI6, GE6
𒈫 U+1222B MIN 825 570
𒈬 U+1222C MU 098 61 ĜU10
𒈭 U+1222D MU / MU 301 169 TAḪ, DAḪ
𒈮 U+1222E MUG 012 003 oakum
𒈯 U+1222F MUG gunû 0013 4 ZADIM
𒈰 U+12230 MUNSUB 820 543 MUNŠUB
𒈱 U+12231 MURGU2 567
𒈲 U+12232 MUŠ 585 374
𒈳 U+12233 MUŠ x A
𒈴 U+12234 MUŠ x KUR
𒈵 U+12235 MUŠ x ZA
𒈶 U+12236 MUŠ / MUŠ 586 RI8
𒈷 U+12237 MUŠ / MUŠ x A + NA
𒈸 U+12238 MUŠ crossing MUŠ
𒈹 U+12239 MUŠ3 153 103 INANNA, INNIN
𒈺 U+1223A MUŠ3 x A 154
𒈻 U+1223B MUŠ3 x A + DI 155
𒈼 U+1223C MUŠ3 x DI
𒈽 U+1223D MUŠ3 gunû
𒈾 U+1223E NA 110 70
𒈿 U+1223F NA2 689 431 NU2
𒉀 U+12240 NAGA 293
𒉁 U+12241 NAGA inverted
𒉂 U+12242 NAGA x ŠU tenû 294
𒉃 U+12243 NAGA opposing NAGA
𒉄 U+12244 NAGAR 893 560
𒉆 U+12246 NAM 134 79
𒉇 U+12247 NAM2
𒉈 U+12248 NE 313 172 DE3
𒉉 U+12249 NE x A 315
𒉊 U+1224A NE x UD 314
𒉋 U+1224B NE šešig 312 173 BÍL
𒉌 U+1224C NI 380 231 I3
𒉍 U+1224D NI x E
𒉎 U+1224E NI2 641 399
𒉏 U+1224F NIM 690 433 NUM
𒉐 U+12250 NIM x GAN2 tenû 691 434
𒉑 U+12251 NIM x GAR + GAN2 tenû 692 434a
𒉒 U+12252 NINDA2 316 176
𒉓 U+12253 NINDA2 x AN 320
𒉔 U+12254 NINDA2 x AŠ 317 176,12; 177,2
𒉕 U+12255 NINDA2 x AŠ + AŠ 316 177,3
𒉖 U+12256 NINDA2 x GUD 327 187,6
𒉗 U+12257 NINDA2 x ME + GAN2 tenû
𒉘 U+12258 NINDA2 x NE 326 183 ÁG "darling", RE, AĜ2
𒉙 U+12259 NINDA2 x NUN 324 181 AZU
𒉚 U+1225A NINDA2 x ŠE 333v3
𒉛 U+1225B NINDA2 x ŠE + A AN 333 ŠAM2
𒉜 U+1225C NINDA2 x ŠE + AŠ 331
𒉝 U+1225D NINDA2 x ŠE + AŠ + AŠ 332
𒉞 U+1225E NINDA2 x U2 + AŠ 330
𒉟 U+1225F NINDA2 x UŠ
𒉠 U+12260 NISAG 545 337 MURU2, MURUB4, ITI gunû
𒉡 U+12261 NU 112 75
𒉢 U+12262 NU11 115 71 ŠIR
𒉣 U+12263 NUN 143 87
𒉤 U+12264 NUN LAGAR x GAR
𒉥 U+12265 NUN LAGAR x MAŠ
𒉦 U+12266 NUN LAGAR x SAL
𒉨 U+12268 NUN LAGAR x UŠ
𒉩 U+12269 NUN tenû 144 87
𒉪 U+1226A NUN / NUN 502 325 NIR
𒉫 U+1226B NUN crossing NUN 107 63d
𒉬 U+1226C NUN crossing NUN LAGAR / LAGAR
𒉭 U+1226D NUNUZ 614 394
𒉮 U+1226E NUNUZ AB2 x AŠGAB 619 394c,e USAN3
𒉯 U+1226F NUNUZ AB2 x BI 621 394d MUD3
𒉰 U+12270 NUNUZ AB2 x DUG 625
𒉱 U+12271 NUNUZ AB2 x GUD 623
𒉲 U+12272 NUNUZ AB2 x IGI gunû 627
𒉳 U+12273 NUNUZ AB2 x KAD3 618
𒉴 U+12274 NUNUZ AB2 x LA 616 394b LAḪTAN
𒉵 U+12275 NUNUZ AB2 x NE 620
𒉶 U+12276 NUNUZ AB2 x SILA3 617 394b' LAḪTAN2
𒉷 U+12277 NUNUZ AB2 x U2 (624)
𒉸 U+12278 NUNUZ KISIM5 x BI 621 394d MUD3
𒉹 U+12279 NUNUZ KISIM5 x BI U 622 MUD3.U
𒉺 U+1227A PA 464 295 GIDRU "staff, sceptre", UGULA "overseer", GARZA "office"
𒉻 U+1227B PAD 746 469 ŠUK
𒉼 U+1227C PAN 685 439
𒉽 U+1227D PAP 092 60 PAB, KUR2
𒉾 U+1227E PEŠ2 741; 882 346
𒉿 U+1227F PI 598 383 TAL2
𒊀 U+12280 PI x A 598v HZL nr. 326
𒊁 U+12281 PI x AB 598v HZL nr. 318
𒊂 U+12282 PI x BI 598v HZL nr. 320
𒊃 U+12283 PI x BU 598v HZL nr. 324
𒊄 U+12284 PI x E 598v HZL nr. 322
𒊅 U+12285 PI x I 598v HZL nr. 319
𒊆 U+12286 PI x IB 598v HZL nr. 325
𒊇 U+12287 PI x U 598v HZL nr. 323
𒊈 U+12288 PI x U2 598v HZL nr. 321
𒊉 U+12289 PI crossing PI 598v 383,3
𒊊 U+1228A PIRIG 444
𒊋 U+1228B PIRIG x KAL 295
𒊌 U+1228C PIRIG x UD 296 130 UG, UKU4
𒊍 U+1228D PIRIG x ZA 297 AZ
𒊎 U+1228E PIRIG opposing PIRIG
𒊏 U+1228F RA 511 328
𒊐 U+12290 RAB 262 149
𒊑 U+12291 RI 142 86 DAL, TAL
𒊒 U+12292 RU 111 48
𒊓 U+12293 SA 172 104
𒊕 U+12295 SAG 184 115
𒊖 U+12296 SAG x A 197
𒊗 U+12297 SAG x DU 187
𒊘 U+12298 SAG x DUB
𒊙 U+12299 SAG x ḪA 198
𒊚 U+1229A SAG x KAK 188
𒊛 U+1229B SAG x KUR
𒊜 U+1229C SAG x LUM 200
𒊝 U+1229D SAG x MI 195
𒊞 U+1229E SAG x NUN 185
𒊟 U+1229F SAG x SAL 199
𒊠 U+122A0 SAG x ŠID 191
𒊡 U+122A1 SAG x TAB
𒊢 U+122A2 SAG x U2 192
𒊣 U+122A3 SAG x UB 193
𒊤 U+122A4 SAG x UM 186
𒊥 U+122A5 SAG x UR 196
𒊦 U+122A6 SAG x UŠ 190
𒊧 U+122A7 SAG / SAG
𒊨 U+122A8 SAG gunû 512 329 DUL3
𒊩 U+122A9 SAL 883 554 MUNUS
𒊫 U+122AB SANGA2 314
𒊬 U+122AC SAR 541 152
𒊭 U+122AD ŠA 566 353
𒊮 U+122AE ŠA3 599 384 ŠAG4
𒊯 U+122AF ŠA3 x A 608 390 PEŠ4
𒊰 U+122B0 ŠA3 x BAD 600
𒊱 U+122B1 ŠA3 x GIŠ 603
𒊲 U+122B2 ŠA3 x NE 602 385
𒊳 U+122B3 ŠA3 x ŠU2 609 389
𒊴 U+122B4 ŠA3 x TUR 601
𒊵 U+122B5 ŠA3 x U 605
𒊶 U+122B6 ŠA3 x U + A 606 388 BIR6
𒊷 U+122B7 ŠA6 SAG9
𒊸 U+122B8 ŠAB6 295k
𒊹 U+122B9 ŠAR2 632; 633 396 TI2
𒊺 U+122BA ŠE 579 367
𒊻 U+122BB ŠE ḪU
𒊾 U+122BE ŠEG9 878 551
𒊿 U+122BF ŠEN 017 008 = SU x A, ALAL, PISAN3, DUR10
𒋀 U+122C0 ŠEŠ 535 331 URI3
𒋁 U+122C1 ŠEŠ2 821 544
𒋂 U+122C2 ŠEŠLAM 100 65
𒋃 U+122C3 ŠID 485 314 LAG, UTTU2
𒋄 U+122C4 ŠID x A 489 317 UMBISAG2
𒋅 U+122C5 ŠID x IM 487 317a
𒋆 U+122C6 ŠIM 362 215
𒋇 U+122C7 ŠIM x A 372
𒋈 U+122C8 ŠIM x BAL 363 216,3; 217
𒋉 U+122C9 ŠIM x BULUG 367 218,2
𒋊 U+122CA ŠIM x DIN 366 221
𒋋 U+122CB ŠIM x GAR 373 225
𒋌 U+122CC ŠIM x IGI 371
𒋍 U+122CD ŠIM x IGI gunû 368 219*
𒋎 U+122CE ŠIM x KUŠU2 375 223
𒋏 U+122CF ŠIM x LUL 369
𒋐 U+122D0 ŠIM x MUG 365 216
𒋑 U+122D1 ŠIM x SAL 374 222
𒋒 U+122D2 ŠINIG 93
𒋓 U+122D3 ŠIR 115 71
𒋔 U+122D4 ŠIR tenû 116
𒋕 U+122D5 ŠIR / ŠIR BUR / BUR
𒋖 U+122D6 ŠITA 388 233,22 "GA2"
𒋗 U+122D7 ŠU 567 354
𒋘 U+122D8 ŠU / inverted ŠU
𒋙 U+122D9 ŠU2 869 545
𒋚 U+122DA ŠUBUR 0022 53
𒋛 U+122DB SI 181 112
𒋜 U+122DC SI gunû 182 113 SU4
𒋝 U+122DD SIG 881 592
𒋞 U+122DE SIG4 905; 906 567 MURGU; HZL nr. 311
𒋟 U+122DF SIG4 / SIG4 ŠU2 907 568
𒋠 U+122E0 SIK2 816 539 SIG2, SIKI
𒋡 U+122E1 SILA3 099 62
𒋢 U+122E2 SU 016 007 also KUŠ "skin, hide"
𒋣 U+122E3 SU / SU
𒋤 U+122E4 SUD 584 373 BU gunû
𒋥 U+122E5 SUD2 139
𒋦 U+122E6 SUḪUR 646 403
𒋧 U+122E7 SUM 292 164 ŠUM2
𒋨 U+122E8 SUMAŠ 323 182
𒋩 U+122E9 SUR 151 101
𒋪 U+122EA SUR9 205 122d
𒋫 U+122EB TA 248 139
𒋬 U+122EC TA* 248v
𒋭 U+122ED TA x ḪI 250
𒋮 U+122EE TA x MI 251
𒋯 U+122EF TA gunû
𒋰 U+122F0 TAB 209 124
𒋱 U+122F1 TAB / TAB NI / NI DIŠ / DIŠ
𒋲 U+122F2 TAB squared
𒋳 U+122F3 TAG 221 126
𒋴 U+122F4 TAG x BI
𒋵 U+122F5 TAG x GUD
𒋶 U+122F6 TAG x ŠE
𒋷 U+122F7 TAG x ŠU
𒋸 U+122F8 TAG x TUG2
𒋹 U+122F9 TAG x UD
𒋺 U+122FA TAK4 106 63 KID2
𒋻 U+122FB TAR 009 12
𒋼 U+122FC TE 589 376 GAL5
𒋽 U+122FD TE gunû 088 58 URU5, GUR8
𒋾 U+122FE TI 118 73
𒋿 U+122FF TI tenû
𒌀 U+12300 TIL 114 69 = BAD U+12041
𒌁 U+12301 TIR 587 375
𒌂 U+12302 TIR x TAK4
𒌃 U+12303 TIR / TIR 587v NINNI5
𒌄 U+12304 TIR / TIR GAD / GAD GAR / GAR 588 375,46a-b
𒌅 U+12305 TU 086 58 DU2
𒌆 U+12306 TUG2 809 536 NAM2
𒌇 U+12307 TUK 827 574 TUG
𒌈 U+12308 TUM 354 207
𒌉 U+12309 TUR 255 144
𒌊 U+1230A TUR / TUR ZA / ZA
𒌋 U+1230B U 661 411 BUR3, UMUN
𒌌 U+1230C U GUD UL, DU7
𒌍 U+1230D U U U 711 472 EŠ, "30"
𒌎 U+1230E U / U PA / PA GAR / GAR
𒌏 U+1230F U / U SUR / SUR
𒌐 U+12310 U / U U reversed / U reversed 713 474 MAŠGI, BARGI
𒌑 U+12311 U2 490 318
𒌒 U+12312 UB 504 306 AR2
𒌓 U+12313 UD 596 381 BABBAR
𒌔 U+12314 UD KUŠU2 611 392 UḪ2
𒌕 U+12315 UD x BAD
𒌖 U+12316 UD x MI 597 382 ITIMA2
𒌗 U+12317 UD x U + U + U
𒌘 U+12318 UD x U + U + U gunû
𒌙 U+12319 UD gunû 542 337* uncertain
𒌚 U+1231A UD šešig 0020 52 ITI, UD x EŠ
𒌛 U+1231B UD šešig x BAD
𒌜 U+1231C UDUG 833 577; 578
𒌝 U+1231D UM 238 134
𒌞 U+1231E UM x LAGAB
𒌟 U+1231F UM x ME + DA 241
𒌠 U+12320 UM x ŠA3
𒌡 U+12321 UM x U 239
𒌢 U+12322 UMBIN 92b
𒌣 U+12323 UMUM
𒌤 U+12324 UMUM x KASKAL DE2
𒌥 U+12325 UMUM x PA
𒌦 U+12326 UN 501 312 UG3, UKU3 "man"
𒌧 U+12327 UN gunû
𒌨 U+12328 UR 828 575 HUL
𒌩 U+12329 UR crossing UR 828v 575a
𒌪 U+1232A UR šešig 829 reconstruction
𒌫 U+1232B UR2 341 203
𒌬 U+1232C UR2 x A + ḪA 346
𒌭 U+1232D UR2 x A + NA
𒌮 U+1232E UR2 x AL 343
𒌯 U+1232F UR2 x ḪA 347 185,5
𒌰 U+12330 UR2 x NUN 342 204
𒌱 U+12331 UR2 x U2 344
𒌲 U+12332 UR2 x U2 + AŠ 345 185
𒌳 U+12333 UR2 x U2 + BI
𒌴 U+12334 UR4 835 594
𒌵 U+12335 URI 574 359 BUR/BUR
𒌶 U+12336 URI3
𒌷 U+12337 URU 071 38 Ri2
𒌸 U+12338 URU x A 081
𒌹 U+12339 URU x AŠGAB
𒌺 U+1233A URU x BAR 073 40 UKKIN
𒌻 U+1233B URU x DUN
𒌼 U+1233C URU x GA 076
𒌽 U+1233D URU x GAL
𒌾 U+1233E URU x GAN2 tenû 074
𒌿 U+1233F URU x GAR 083
𒍀 U+12340 URU x GU 084
𒍁 U+12341 URU x ḪA 082
𒍂 U+12342 URU x IGI 079
𒍃 U+12343 URU x IM
𒍄 U+12344 URU x IŠ
𒍅 U+12345 URU x KI
𒍆 U+12346 URU x LUM
𒍇 U+12347 URU x MIN 080 ULU3, U18
𒍈 U+12348 URU x PA
𒍉 U+12349 URU x ŠE
𒍊 U+1234A URU x SIG4
𒍋 U+1234B URU x TU 072
𒍌 U+1234C URU x U + GUD
𒍍 U+1234D URU x UD 077
𒍎 U+1234E URU x URUDA 075 41 BANŠUR
𒍏 U+1234F URUDA 230 132 URUDU
𒍐 U+12350 URUDA x U 230
𒍑 U+12351 381 211 NITA
𒍒 U+12352 UŠ x A 384 211a
𒍓 U+12353 UŠ x KU 383
𒍔 U+12354 UŠ x KUR
𒍕 U+12355 UŠ x TAK4 382 51*
𒍖 U+12356 X 583 372 UZ, US, UŠ
𒍗 U+12357 2 69
𒍘 U+12358 UŠUMX
𒍙 U+12359 UTUKI
𒍚 U+1235A UZ3 203 122b
𒍛 U+1235B UZ3 x KASKAL 204 122c
𒍜 U+1235C UZU 311 171
𒍝 U+1235D ZA 851 586
𒍞 U+1235E ZA tenû 854 379; 380 AS4, ERIM tenû
𒍟 U+1235F ZA squared x KUR 855 531; 588
𒍠 U+12360 ZAG 540 332 ZA3
𒍡 U+12361 ZAMX
𒍢 U+12362 ZE2 259 147 ZI2, AB x PA
𒍣 U+12363 ZI 140 84 ZE1, ZID, ZIG3
𒍤 U+12364 ZI / ZI 101 66
𒍥 U+12365 ZI3 536
𒍦 U+12366 ZIB 628 395
𒍧 U+12367 ZIB KABA tenû
𒍨 U+12368 ZIG 336 190 ZIK, NINDA x EŠ
𒍩 U+12369 ZIZ2 339
𒍪 U+1236A ZU 015 006
𒍫 U+1236B ZU5
𒍬 U+1236C ZU5 x A
𒍭 U+1236D ZUBUR 648 364/5,2-3
𒍮 U+1236E ZUM 884 555
𒍰 U+12370 AB x NUN
𒍱 U+12371 AB2 x A
𒍲 U+12372 AMAR x KUG
𒍳 U+12373 DAG KISIM5 x U2 + MAŠ
𒍴 U+12374 DAG3
𒍵 U+12375 DIŠ + ŠU
𒍶 U+12376 DUB x ŠE
𒍷 U+12377 EZEN x GUD
𒍸 U+12378 EZEN x ŠE
𒍹 U+12379 GA2 x AN + KAK + A
𒍺 U+1237A GA2 x AŠ2
𒍻 U+1237B GE22
𒍼 U+1237C GIG
𒍽 U+1237D ḪUŠ
𒍾 U+1237E KA x ANŠE
𒍿 U+1237F KA x AŠ3
𒎀 U+12380 KA x GIŠ
𒎁 U+12381 KA x GUD
𒎂 U+12382 KA x ḪI x AŠ2
𒎃 U+12383 KA x LUM
𒎄 U+12384 KA x PA
𒎅 U+12385 KA x ŠUL
𒎆 U+12386 KA x TU
𒎇 U+12387 KA x UR2
𒎈 U+12388 LAGAB x GI
𒎉 U+12389 LU2 ŠEŠIG x BAD
𒎊 U+1238A LU2 x EŠ2 + LAL
𒎋 U+1238B LU2 x ŠU
𒎌 U+1238C MEŠ
𒎍 U+1238D MUŠ3 x ZA
𒎎 U+1238E NA4
𒎏 U+1238F NIN
𒎐 U+12390 NIN9
𒎑 U+12391 NINDA2 x BAL
𒎒 U+12392 NINDA2 x GI
𒎓 U+12393 NU11 rotated 90°
𒎔 U+12394 PEŠ2*
𒎕 U+12395 PIR2
𒎖 U+12396 SAG x IGI gunû
𒎗 U+12397 TI2
𒎘 U+12398 UM x ME
𒎙 U+12399 U U


Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform script was added to the Unicode Standard in July, 2006 with the release of version 5.0.

The Unicode block for Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform is U+12000–U+123FF:

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1200x 𒀀 𒀁 𒀂 𒀃 𒀄 𒀅 𒀆 𒀇 𒀈 𒀉 𒀊 𒀋 𒀌 𒀍 𒀎 𒀏
U+1201x 𒀐 𒀑 𒀒 𒀓 𒀔 𒀕 𒀖 𒀗 𒀘 𒀙 𒀚 𒀛 𒀜 𒀝 𒀞 𒀟
U+1202x 𒀠 𒀡 𒀢 𒀣 𒀤 𒀥 𒀦 𒀧 𒀨 𒀩 𒀪 𒀫 𒀬 𒀭 𒀮 𒀯
U+1203x 𒀰 𒀱 𒀲 𒀳 𒀴 𒀵 𒀶 𒀷 𒀸 𒀹 𒀺 𒀻 𒀼 𒀽 𒀾 𒀿
U+1204x 𒁀 𒁁 𒁂 𒁃 𒁄 𒁅 𒁆 𒁇 𒁈 𒁉 𒁊 𒁋 𒁌 𒁍 𒁎 𒁏
U+1205x 𒁐 𒁑 𒁒 𒁓 𒁔 𒁕 𒁖 𒁗 𒁘 𒁙 𒁚 𒁛 𒁜 𒁝 𒁞 𒁟
U+1206x 𒁠 𒁡 𒁢 𒁣 𒁤 𒁥 𒁦 𒁧 𒁨 𒁩 𒁪 𒁫 𒁬 𒁭 𒁮 𒁯
U+1207x 𒁰 𒁱 𒁲 𒁳 𒁴 𒁵 𒁶 𒁷 𒁸 𒁹 𒁺 𒁻 𒁼 𒁽 𒁾 𒁿
U+1208x 𒂀 𒂁 𒂂 𒂃 𒂄 𒂅 𒂆 𒂇 𒂈 𒂉 𒂊 𒂋 𒂌 𒂍 𒂎 𒂏
U+1209x 𒂐 𒂑 𒂒 𒂓 𒂔 𒂕 𒂖 𒂗 𒂘 𒂙 𒂚 𒂛 𒂜 𒂝 𒂞 𒂟
U+120Ax 𒂠 𒂡 𒂢 𒂣 𒂤 𒂥 𒂦 𒂧 𒂨 𒂩 𒂪 𒂫 𒂬 𒂭 𒂮 𒂯
U+120Bx 𒂰 𒂱 𒂲 𒂳 𒂴 𒂵 𒂶 𒂷 𒂸 𒂹 𒂺 𒂻 𒂼 𒂽 𒂾 𒂿
U+120Cx 𒃀 𒃁 𒃂 𒃃 𒃄 𒃅 𒃆 𒃇 𒃈 𒃉 𒃊 𒃋 𒃌 𒃍 𒃎 𒃏
U+120Dx 𒃐 𒃑 𒃒 𒃓 𒃔 𒃕 𒃖 𒃗 𒃘 𒃙 𒃚 𒃛 𒃜 𒃝 𒃞 𒃟
U+120Ex 𒃠 𒃡 𒃢 𒃣 𒃤 𒃥 𒃦 𒃧 𒃨 𒃩 𒃪 𒃫 𒃬 𒃭 𒃮 𒃯
U+120Fx 𒃰 𒃱 𒃲 𒃳 𒃴 𒃵 𒃶 𒃷 𒃸 𒃹 𒃺 𒃻 𒃼 𒃽 𒃾 𒃿
U+1210x 𒄀 𒄁 𒄂 𒄃 𒄄 𒄅 𒄆 𒄇 𒄈 𒄉 𒄊 𒄋 𒄌 𒄍 𒄎 𒄏
U+1211x 𒄐 𒄑 𒄒 𒄓 𒄔 𒄕 𒄖 𒄗 𒄘 𒄙 𒄚 𒄛 𒄜 𒄝 𒄞 𒄟
U+1212x 𒄠 𒄡 𒄢 𒄣 𒄤 𒄥 𒄦 𒄧 𒄨 𒄩 𒄪 𒄫 𒄬 𒄭 𒄮 𒄯
U+1213x 𒄰 𒄱 𒄲 𒄳 𒄴 𒄵 𒄶 𒄷 𒄸 𒄹 𒄺 𒄻 𒄼 𒄽 𒄾 𒄿
U+1214x 𒅀 𒅁 𒅂 𒅃 𒅄 𒅅 𒅆 𒅇 𒅈 𒅉 𒅊 𒅋 𒅌 𒅍 𒅎 𒅏
U+1215x 𒅐 𒅑 𒅒 𒅓 𒅔 𒅕 𒅖 𒅗 𒅘 𒅙 𒅚 𒅛 𒅜 𒅝 𒅞 𒅟
U+1216x 𒅠 𒅡 𒅢 𒅣 𒅤 𒅥 𒅦 𒅧 𒅨 𒅩 𒅪 𒅫 𒅬 𒅭 𒅮 𒅯
U+1217x 𒅰 𒅱 𒅲 𒅳 𒅴 𒅵 𒅶 𒅷 𒅸 𒅹 𒅺 𒅻 𒅼 𒅽 𒅾 𒅿
U+1218x 𒆀 𒆁 𒆂 𒆃 𒆄 𒆅 𒆆 𒆇 𒆈 𒆉 𒆊 𒆋 𒆌 𒆍 𒆎 𒆏
U+1219x 𒆐 𒆑 𒆒 𒆓 𒆔 𒆕 𒆖 𒆗 𒆘 𒆙 𒆚 𒆛 𒆜 𒆝 𒆞 𒆟
U+121Ax 𒆠 𒆡 𒆢 𒆣 𒆤 𒆥 𒆦 𒆧 𒆨 𒆩 𒆪 𒆫 𒆬 𒆭 𒆮 𒆯
U+121Bx 𒆰 𒆱 𒆲 𒆳 𒆴 𒆵 𒆶 𒆷 𒆸 𒆹 𒆺 𒆻 𒆼 𒆽 𒆾 𒆿
U+121Cx 𒇀 𒇁 𒇂 𒇃 𒇄 𒇅 𒇆 𒇇 𒇈 𒇉 𒇊 𒇋 𒇌 𒇍 𒇎 𒇏
U+121Dx 𒇐 𒇑 𒇒 𒇓 𒇔 𒇕 𒇖 𒇗 𒇘 𒇙 𒇚 𒇛 𒇜 𒇝 𒇞 𒇟
U+121Ex 𒇠 𒇡 𒇢 𒇣 𒇤 𒇥 𒇦 𒇧 𒇨 𒇩 𒇪 𒇫 𒇬 𒇭 𒇮 𒇯
U+121Fx 𒇰 𒇱 𒇲 𒇳 𒇴 𒇵 𒇶 𒇷 𒇸 𒇹 𒇺 𒇻 𒇼 𒇽 𒇾 𒇿
U+1220x 𒈀 𒈁 𒈂 𒈃 𒈄 𒈅 𒈆 𒈇 𒈈 𒈉 𒈊 𒈋 𒈌 𒈍 𒈎 𒈏
U+1221x 𒈐 𒈑 𒈒 𒈓 𒈔 𒈕 𒈖 𒈗 𒈘 𒈙 𒈚 𒈛 𒈜 𒈝 𒈞 𒈟
U+1222x 𒈠 𒈡 𒈢 𒈣 𒈤 𒈥 𒈦 𒈧 𒈨 𒈩 𒈪 𒈫 𒈬 𒈭 𒈮 𒈯
U+1223x 𒈰 𒈱 𒈲 𒈳 𒈴 𒈵 𒈶 𒈷 𒈸 𒈹 𒈺 𒈻 𒈼 𒈽 𒈾 𒈿
U+1224x 𒉀 𒉁 𒉂 𒉃 𒉄 𒉅 𒉆 𒉇 𒉈 𒉉 𒉊 𒉋 𒉌 𒉍 𒉎 𒉏
U+1225x 𒉐 𒉑 𒉒 𒉓 𒉔 𒉕 𒉖 𒉗 𒉘 𒉙 𒉚 𒉛 𒉜 𒉝 𒉞 𒉟
U+1226x 𒉠 𒉡 𒉢 𒉣 𒉤 𒉥 𒉦 𒉧 𒉨 𒉩 𒉪 𒉫 𒉬 𒉭 𒉮 𒉯
U+1227x 𒉰 𒉱 𒉲 𒉳 𒉴 𒉵 𒉶 𒉷 𒉸 𒉹 𒉺 𒉻 𒉼 𒉽 𒉾 𒉿
U+1228x 𒊀 𒊁 𒊂 𒊃 𒊄 𒊅 𒊆 𒊇 𒊈 𒊉 𒊊 𒊋 𒊌 𒊍 𒊎 𒊏
U+1229x 𒊐 𒊑 𒊒 𒊓 𒊔 𒊕 𒊖 𒊗 𒊘 𒊙 𒊚 𒊛 𒊜 𒊝 𒊞 𒊟
U+122Ax 𒊠 𒊡 𒊢 𒊣 𒊤 𒊥 𒊦 𒊧 𒊨 𒊩 𒊪 𒊫 𒊬 𒊭 𒊮 𒊯
U+122Bx 𒊰 𒊱 𒊲 𒊳 𒊴 𒊵 𒊶 𒊷 𒊸 𒊹 𒊺 𒊻 𒊼 𒊽 𒊾 𒊿
U+122Cx 𒋀 𒋁 𒋂 𒋃 𒋄 𒋅 𒋆 𒋇 𒋈 𒋉 𒋊 𒋋 𒋌 𒋍 𒋎 𒋏
U+122Dx 𒋐 𒋑 𒋒 𒋓 𒋔 𒋕 𒋖 𒋗 𒋘 𒋙 𒋚 𒋛 𒋜 𒋝 𒋞 𒋟
U+122Ex 𒋠 𒋡 𒋢 𒋣 𒋤 𒋥 𒋦 𒋧 𒋨 𒋩 𒋪 𒋫 𒋬 𒋭 𒋮 𒋯
U+122Fx 𒋰 𒋱 𒋲 𒋳 𒋴 𒋵 𒋶 𒋷 𒋸 𒋹 𒋺 𒋻 𒋼 𒋽 𒋾 𒋿
U+1230x 𒌀 𒌁 𒌂 𒌃 𒌄 𒌅 𒌆 𒌇 𒌈 𒌉 𒌊 𒌋 𒌌 𒌍 𒌎 𒌏
U+1231x 𒌐 𒌑 𒌒 𒌓 𒌔 𒌕 𒌖 𒌗 𒌘 𒌙 𒌚 𒌛 𒌜 𒌝 𒌞 𒌟
U+1232x 𒌠 𒌡 𒌢 𒌣 𒌤 𒌥 𒌦 𒌧 𒌨 𒌩 𒌪 𒌫 𒌬 𒌭 𒌮 𒌯
U+1233x 𒌰 𒌱 𒌲 𒌳 𒌴 𒌵 𒌶 𒌷 𒌸 𒌹 𒌺 𒌻 𒌼 𒌽 𒌾 𒌿
U+1234x 𒍀 𒍁 𒍂 𒍃 𒍄 𒍅 𒍆 𒍇 𒍈 𒍉 𒍊 𒍋 𒍌 𒍍 𒍎 𒍏
U+1235x 𒍐 𒍑 𒍒 𒍓 𒍔 𒍕 𒍖 𒍗 𒍘 𒍙 𒍚 𒍛 𒍜 𒍝 𒍞 𒍟
U+1236x 𒍠 𒍡 𒍢 𒍣 𒍤 𒍥 𒍦 𒍧 𒍨 𒍩 𒍪 𒍫 𒍬 𒍭 𒍮 𒍯
U+1237x 𒍰 𒍱 𒍲 𒍳 𒍴 𒍵 𒍶 𒍷 𒍸 𒍹 𒍺 𒍻 𒍼 𒍽 𒍾 𒍿
U+1238x 𒎀 𒎁 𒎂 𒎃 𒎄 𒎅 𒎆 𒎇 𒎈 𒎉 𒎊 𒎋 𒎌 𒎍 𒎎 𒎏
U+1239x 𒎐 𒎑 𒎒 𒎓 𒎔 𒎕 𒎖 𒎗 𒎘 𒎙
1.^ As of Unicode version 9.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Cuneiform block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
5.0 U+12000..122D3, 122D6..1236E 877 L2/00-128 Bunz, Carl-Martin (2000-03-01), Scripts from the Past in Future Versions of Unicode 
L2/00-153 Bunz, Carl-Martin (2000-04-26), Further comments on historic scripts 
L2/00-398 Snyder, Dean (2000-11-07), Cuneiform: From Clay Tablet to Computer 
L2/00-419 N2297 Everson, Michael (2000-11-20), Legacy cuneiform font implementations and the ICE project 
L2/03-162 N2585 Everson, Michael; Feuerherm, Karljürgen (2003-05-25), Basic principles for the encoding of Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform 
L2/03-415 N2545 Snyder, Dean (2003-11-01), Proposal to Encode the Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform Script in the UCS 
L2/03-393R N2664R Everson, Michael; Feuerherm, Karljürgen; Tinney, Steve (2003-11-03), Preliminary proposal to encode Cuneiform script in the SMP of the UCS 
L2/03-416 Anderson, Lloyd (2003-11-03), The Cuneiform Encoding Proposal -- a View of its Current Status 
L2/04-080 Tinney, Steve (2004-01-24), Rationale for changes to N2664R 
L2/04-036 N2698 Everson, Michael; Feuerherm, Karljürgen; Tinney, Steve (2004-01-29), Revised proposal to encode Cuneiform script in the SMP of the UCS 
L2/04-041 Anderson, Lloyd (2004-01-29), Fitting Cuneiform Encoding to Cuneiform Script 
L2/04-059 Feuerherm, Karljürgen (2004-01-30), Short Response to L2/04-041 "Fitting Cuneiform Encoding to Cuneiform Script" 
L2/04-063 Gewecke, Tom (2004-01-30), Re: Cuneiform at UTC 
L2/04-056 Veldhuis, Niek (2004-01-31), Letter re "Cuneiform Unicode" 
L2/04-057 Jones, Charles E. (2004-02-01), Letter re "Cuneiform" 
L2/04-058 Michalowski, Piotr (2004-02-01), Letter re "cuneiform unicode" 
L2/04-064 Cooper, Jerry (2004-02-01), Letter re "unicode proposal" 
L2/04-066 Durusau, Patrick (2004-02-02), Letter re "Proposal N2698" 
L2/04-081 Black, Jeremy (2004-02-02), Letter re "cuneiform Unicode proposal" 
L2/04-086 Anderson, Lloyd (2004-02-03), Notes for verbal presentation to UTC meeting, 3 February 2004 
L2/04-099 Anderson, Lloyd (2004-02-09), Unification of cuneiform numbers 
L2/04-225 Anderson, Lloyd (2004-06-07), Proposed modifications to introductory text of N2798 = L204-189 Proposal for Cuneiform Encoding 
L2/04-189 N2786 Everson, Michael; Feuerherm, Karljürgen; Tinney, Steve (2004-06-08), Final proposal to encode Cuneiform script 
L2/04-223R Anderson, Lloyd (2004-06-11), Proposed modifications to delete and add signs to N2798 = L204-189 Proposal for Cuneiform Encoding 
L2/04-354 McGowan, Rick (2004-09-20), Cuneiform Properties 
L2/05-135 Tinney, Steve (2005-05-10), Corrections to N2786 
L2/05-174 Everson, Michael (2005-07-28), Irish comments on Cuneiform 
L2/12-328 Anderson, Deborah (2012-10-16), Numeric value fixes for two cuneiform characters 
U+122D4..122D5 2 L2/12-002 N4178R Everson, Michael; Tinney, Steve (2012-01-16), Proposal for additions and corrections to Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform 
L2/12-207R N4277R Everson, Michael; Tinney, Steve (2012-07-31), Proposal for additions and corrections to Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform 
7.0 U+1236F..12398 42 L2/12-002 N4178R Everson, Michael; Tinney, Steve (2012-01-16), Proposal for additions and corrections to Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform 
L2/12-207R N4277R Everson, Michael; Tinney, Steve (2012-07-31), Proposal for additions and corrections to Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform 
8.0 U+12399[b] 1 L2/13-196 N4493 Everson, Michael (2013-10-28), Request to add one Cuneiform character to the UCS 
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ See also L2/12-207R

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09. 
  3. ^ Cuneiform chart (PDF)
  4. ^ Unicode cuneiform
  5. ^ L. Anderson, June 2004
  6. ^ (after Anderson's sign list)


External links[edit]

Font packages[edit]