Uniform Anatomical Gift Act
The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA), and its periodic revisions, is one of the Uniform Acts drafted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL) in the United States with the intention of harmonizing state laws in force in the states.
UAGA governs organ donations for the purpose of transplantation, and it also governs the making of anatomical gifts of one's cadaver to be dissected in the study of medicine. The law prescribes the forms by which such gifts can be made. It also provides that in the absence of such a document, a surviving spouse, or if there is no spouse, a list of specific relatives in order of preference, can make the gift. It also seeks to limit the liability of health care providers who act on good faith representations that a deceased patient meant to make an anatomical gift. The act also prohibits trafficking and trafficking in human organs for profit from donations for transplant or therapy.
There were acts in 1968, 1987, and 2006. In 2007, 20 states enacted the UAGA.
The law has been revised to make the process of making an anatomical gift more streamlined. Formerly, anatomical gifts had to be executed with testamentary formalities, including the creation of a written instrument with two witnesses. The latest version of the statute eliminates the requirement of the witnesses. This change is to encourage the practice of allowing an anatomical gift to be made by a notation on a driver's license.