Uniform Monday Holiday Act
|Long title||An act to provide for uniform annual observances of certain legal public holidays on Mondays, and for other purposes.|
|Enacted by||the 90th United States Congress|
|Effective||January 1, 1971|
|Public law||Pub.L. 90–363|
|Statutes at Large||82 Stat. 250|
The Uniform Monday Holiday Act (Pub.L. 90–363, 82 Stat. 250, enacted June 28, 1968) is an Act of Congress that moved permanently to a Monday three Federal holidays in the United States—Washington's Birthday, Memorial Day, and Labor Day—and that made Columbus Day a federal holiday, also permanently on a Monday. This created long weekends with three days off ending with the holidays, such as Memorial Day Weekend and Labor Day Weekend.
Veterans Day was moved from November 11 to the fourth Monday in October but in 1978 it was returned to November 11, the actual date of the end of World War I (see Armistice of 11 November 1918) and celebrated in several European countries as Armistice Day.
The Act was signed into law on June 1, 1968, and took effect on January 1, 1971.
The Act was designed to increase the number of three-day weekends for federal employees, a favorite goal of the travel industry. Veterans Day was removed from this list of "always-on-Monday" holidays when it was moved back to its traditional date of November 11, by act of Congress in 1975, effective 1978.
This Act did not officially change the name of Washington's Birthday to "Presidents Day", nor did it combine Washington's Birthday with Lincoln's Birthday, despite suggestions that those two changes be made. Many U.S. states have adopted some version of the "Presidents Day" name. The perception that the name was changed stems from the fact that the act placed federal observance of Washington's Birthday in the week of February 15 to 21 and, since that week always falls between Lincoln's birthday (February 12) and Washington's (February 22), but never includes either date, popular references have given rise to the title, which recognizes both Presidents. As of 1998,[update] a dozen U.S. states officially refer to the holiday as "Presidents' Day." The Lincoln's Birthday holiday with very limited exceptions is no longer observed as all (at least on its actual date, though some states combine it with Washington's Birthday).
Though the holiday was not in existence at the time, Martin Luther King Jr.'s Birthday (established 1983, first observed 1986) is celebrated on the third Monday in January, which falls on January 15–21, instead of King's actual birth date, January 15, for the same reasons.
The Monday holiday dates this act established are:
- Washington's Birthday: third Monday in February (formerly February 22)
- Memorial Day: last Monday in May (formerly May 30)
- Labor Day: first Monday in September
- Columbus Day: second Monday in October (previously observed only in some states on October 12)
- Veterans Day: fourth Monday in October (was November 11 prior to the act and returned to November 11 in 1978)
Also celebrated on Monday:
- An Act to provide for uniform annual observances of certain legal public holidays on Mondays, and for other purposes, Pub.L. 90–363, 82 Stat. 250, enacted June 28, 1968.
- "Presidents Day". Urban Legends Reference Pages. Snopes.com. February 17, 2008.
- An Act to redesignate November 11 of each year as Veterans Day and to make such day a legal public holiday., Pub.L. 94–97, 89 Stat. 479, enacted September 18, 1975.
- Hoyle, John Christian (February 13, 1998). "Presidents' Day: Long-Standing Misnomer". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "Why is MLK Day Always on a Monday? We Have the Monday Uniform Holiday Act to Thank for It".
- "United States Law Section 6103" – via Justia.
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