|The hexagonal tiling has 3 uniform colorings.|
In geometry, a uniform coloring is a property of a uniform figure (uniform tiling or uniform polyhedron) that is colored to be vertex-transitive. Different symmetries can be expressed on the same geometric figure with the faces following different uniform color patterns.
A uniform coloring can be specified by listing the different colors with indices around a vertex figure.
A related term is Archimedean color requires one vertex figure coloring repeated in a periodic arrangement. A more general term are k-Archimedean colorings which count k distinctly colored vertex figures.
For example, this Archimedean coloring (left) of a triangular tiling has two colors, but requires 4 unique colors by symmetry positions and become a 2-uniform coloring (right):
112344 and 121434
- Grünbaum, Branko; Shephard, G. C. (1987). Tilings and Patterns. W. H. Freeman and Company. ISBN 0-7167-1193-1. Uniform and Archimedean colorings, pp. 102–107
- Weisstein, Eric W. "Polyhedron coloring". MathWorld.
- Uniform Tessellations on the Euclid plane
- Tessellations of the Plane
- David Bailey's World of Tessellations
- k-uniform tilings
- n-uniform tilings