Uniforms of the Russian Armed Forces

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The Russian Armed Forces use an extensive system of uniforms, as inherited from the Soviet Armed Forces and modified across the years.

Different types of Russian uniforms.

Governance[edit]

Russian Navy working uniform.

The specific items of service uniforms and the equipment used in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are determined by the governing bodies of the Force and ultimately by the Minister of Defense. The rules for wearing these uniforms, established in the 1990s, are also under their purview.

Types[edit]

Traditionally, uniforms are divided into three categories: ceremonial, every-day and field configurations, with summer and winter variations.

Design[edit]

In terms of their design, the uniforms currently worn by the Russian Federation's soldiers, sailors, and airmen are, to a greater or lesser degree, a development of those worn by the armed forces of the former Soviet Union. In particular, the customary basic colors of black, green, and blue as worn by those serving in, respectively, the Russian Navy, Russian Army, and Russian Air Force reflect those traditionally worn in earlier periods. This classic division of colors is today most apparent in the armed forces' dress uniforms.

Regulations[edit]

The wearing of uniforms is subject to regulations applying not only to those serving in the Armed Forces, but also to pupils of the Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval academies, cadet and cadet naval corps, and citizens discharged from active service but still members of the reserve. Ex-servicemen and -women who still have the right to wear a military uniform must also observe these regulations.

Navy[edit]

In the navy, a wide variety of clothing sets differ from the Soviet tradition. The dominant colors are navy blue (for example, flannel, naval suit (work dress)), which in practice are black, and white (for example, summer dress and dress uniform for officers to wear at high air temperatures, as well as foremen).

Ground forces[edit]

The so-called "green" color of the ground forces, in fact, can mean:

The color of the naval wave[clarification needed] of the officers' uniform in 2010 returned to that of 1994, restoring continuity with the uniforms of USSR Armed Forces officers, which in turn resemble those of the infantry and artillery units of the Russian Empire of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The olive color of the ceremonial and casual clothes of soldiers and officers from 1994 to 2010 was somewhat different from before. In 2010, the olive color of uniforms soldiers and daily uniforms of officers of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation became a brighter green, so that the color differences became stronger.[1]

Air Force[edit]

The uniform of the officers of the Air Force and Airborne Forces of the Russian Federation and the USSR is traditionally blue. In the USSR, officer uniforms were khaki colors, similar to soldiers' uniforms. The Air Force commander wore a blue uniform in the 1920s and 1930s (with interruptions).

Also in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, there are a number of uniform supplies that were used in the USSR and the Russian Empire. For example, a general view of the girdles and shoulder straps of ceremonial calculations and honor guard units in especially solemn occasions, such as parades on Red Square and other cities on the occasion of state and military holidays, a meeting of heads of state and government delegations, solemn ceremonies and military honors.

History[edit]

1992-1996[edit]

On 21 December 1991, the CIS member countries agreed to maintain a unified command of the Armed Forces until they were reformed.

On 11 February 1992, following Commander-in-Chief of the CIS Armed Forces Order No. 50 "On temporary changes in the military uniform for the period 1992-1995", a description was given of "temporary changes" in uniforms. For marshals and generals, a ceremonial cap was introduced, modeled on the everyday, parade uniform-dress uniform, according to the pattern of the everyday jacket, but with ceremonial epaulettes, dressed-out trousers without boots, with edges along the line. It also authorized officer's model caps in the summer everyday form.

In May, 1992 the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation were established.[2]

The hats worn by marshals, generals and colonels were abolished, replaced by astrakhan hat-earflaps of gray color from the fur of tsigeyki (colonels). The edges of the ceremonial uniforms of officers, ensigns, servicemen of the extended service and women servicemen, as well as armor-type arm plates for the latter three categories were abolished. A cockade was introduced for officers, warrant officers, and servicemen of super-long service for everyday and dress uniforms.

Berets for military servicemen and caps for ceremonial dress uniforms of military servicemen were replaced by officer-type pilots. The woolen jackets of marshals, generals, officers, ensigns and servicemen of extra-long-term services replaced button fasteners with zippers, and sewn side pockets closed with zippers.

Marshals, officers, ensigns and servicemen of extra-long service lost their ceremonial belts as well as the leather shoulder strap.

Conscripts and cadets adopted a woolen uniform fitted with sewn epaulets of the same material in place of the parade-out uniform and closed everyday jacket.

The letters "CA" were removed from shoulder straps of service members of urgent service, while the metal letters "K" on shoulder straps of field jackets and everyday cadets of cadets was added. Buttonholes were removed from collars of service members and cadets, while the golden emblems on cotton tunics were fastened to collar corners.

The same document introduced changes in generals' uniforms, compared with the 1988 Soviet Army. Sewing on ceremonial caps and uniforms became similar to every day and disappeared from the cuffs (along with the sutured edge on collar and cuffs). Trousers were set to the gray front-and-back tunic, with cuffs, but without lamphas, in the tone of the tunic. Aa cap with a gray crown and colored band.

Since 1994 the field uniform had the special, but unofficial sleeve insignias: the branch of service or the military unit.[3]

In May, 1992 the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation were established.[2]

Different uniforms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Тельманов Д. Шойгу переоденет сотрудников в «офисную» форму со звёздами // Сайт газеты «Известия» (izvestia.ru) 16 августа 2013.
  2. ^ a b Соглашение об Объединённых Вооружённых Силах на переходный период от 20 марта 1992 г. — цит. с сайта Единого реестра правовых актов и других документов Содружества Независимых Государств (cis.minsk.by) Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  3. ^ "Russian federation army insignia | Русский Париж" (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-05-28.