|Area||0.83 sq mi (2 km2)|
|- land||0.83 sq mi (2 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||950.4 / sq mi (367 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Union, Illinois|
Union is located at (42.235237, -88.542379).
According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 0.83 square miles (2.1 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 576 people, 204 households, and 158 families residing in the village. The population density was 950.4 people per square mile (364.6/km²). There were 208 housing units at an average density of 343.2 per square mile (131.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.09% White, 0.35% Native American, 0.87% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.99% of the population.
There were 204 households out of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.7% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the village, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $56,528, and the median income for a family was $57,500. Males had a median income of $38,393 versus $25,536 for females. The per capita income for the village was $21,218. About 5.8% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
Union was the site of the world's first fully automatic substation, on the current site of the water tower just east of Main Street. Union is also the home to the Illinois Railway Museum and the McHenry County Historical Society.
The Marengo-Union Times is the newspaper of record in Union; it has a circulation of 6300 and is mailed to every home and business in the greater Marengo and Union area.
- "McHenry County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 132.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.