Union, Iowa

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Union, Iowa
City
Location of union, Iowa
Location of union, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°14′41″N 93°3′51″W / 42.24472°N 93.06417°W / 42.24472; -93.06417Coordinates: 42°14′41″N 93°3′51″W / 42.24472°N 93.06417°W / 42.24472; -93.06417
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Hardin
Area[1]
 • Total 0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
 • Land 0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 942 ft (287 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 397
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 384
 • Density 722/sq mi (278.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 50258-50259
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-79545
GNIS feature ID 0462416

Union is a city in Hardin County, Iowa, United States. The population was 397 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Union was laid out in 1868.[4] It was incorporated as a town in 1874.[5]

Geography[edit]

Union is located at 42°14′41″N 93°3′51″W / 42.24472°N 93.06417°W / 42.24472; -93.06417 (42.244715, -93.064240).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1880 666 —    
1890 514 −22.8%
1900 589 +14.6%
1910 540 −8.3%
1920 660 +22.2%
1930 498 −24.5%
1940 585 +17.5%
1950 490 −16.2%
1960 534 +9.0%
1970 484 −9.4%
1980 515 +6.4%
1990 448 −13.0%
2000 427 −4.7%
2010 397 −7.0%
2016 384 −3.3%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 397 people, 172 households, and 105 families residing in the city. The population density was 721.8 inhabitants per square mile (278.7/km2). There were 200 housing units at an average density of 363.6 per square mile (140.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.0% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 172 households of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 43.9 years. 25.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.9% were from 25 to 44; 28.1% were from 45 to 64; and 20.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 427 people, 183 households, and 124 families residing in the city. The population density was 772.8 people per square mile (299.8/km²). There were 209 housing units at an average density of 378.3 per square mile (146.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.06% White, 0.23% African American and 0.70% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.

There were 183 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,792, and the median income for a family was $39,792. Males had a median income of $25,417 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,370. About 8.8% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

BCLUW Community School District operates public schools serving Union. The schools are BCLUW Elementary School in Conrad, BCLUW Middle School in Union, and BCLUW High School in Conrad.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ History of Hardin County, Iowa. Union Publishing Company. 1883. p. 959. 
  5. ^ Moir, William J. (1911). Past and Present of Hardin County, Iowa. Unigraphic. p. 352. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]