Union Station is a subway station on the Yonge–University line in Toronto, Canada and is one of the 12 original stations on the city's first section of subway, which opened in 1954. It is also the terminus of the 509 Harbourfront and 510 Spadina streetcar routes.
Union Station is located on Front Street between the Yonge Street and University Avenue sections of the line. It directly connected to the railway station and regional bus terminal of the same name. Based on Toronto's street grid, Union is the southernmost subway station; however, using standard compass directions, Kipling and Islington Stations are further south.
Union connects the subway with GO Transit, Via Rail, Union Pearson Express trains, and GO Transit buses. It serves approximately 100,000 people a day, ranking it as the fourth-busiest station in the system, after Bloor-Yonge, St. George & Sheppard–Yonge and the system's busiest station served by only one line. Wi-fi service is available at this station.
North side entrances:
- Street-level stairs on north side of Front Street.
- Underground connection from Royal Bank Plaza
- Underground connection from Brookfield Place
South side entrances:
- 2 street-level staircases on south side of Front Street.
- Outdoor connections via the "moat" to Union railway station
The station opened as the southern terminus of the original Yonge subway line on March 30, 1954.
On February 28, 1963, Union became a through station with the opening of the University section of the Yonge–University line.
On June 22, 1990, Union became the terminus of route 604 Harbourfront LRT, now part of the 509 Harbourfront and 510 Spadina streetcar routes. A new underground streetcar platform was built south of the subway tracks, connected to the station concourse by a 30 metre pedestrian tunnel and a flight of stairs.
Elevators were installed in 1996, making Union one of the first wheelchair-accessible subway stations in Toronto. An elevator was added to the streetcar platforms, even though streetcars were not accessible themselves. By the time accessible streetcars began serving the station in 2014, the elevator had been replaced as a part of the station expansion.
On August 18, 2014, a second subway platform was opened to serve Yonge line trains, leaving the existing platform to serve only University line trains.
Flexity Outlook streetcars started to serve Union from route 510 Spadina on October 12, 2014, and from route 509 Harbourfront on March 29, 2015. As a result, passengers are now required to have Proof-of-payment (POP) to depart Union by streetcar.
In 2003, planning began on a station expansion to address overcrowding in the station. Despite being one of the busiest stations in the system, the station had only one narrow island platform serving both the University and Yonge lines, and a small concourse area.
The resulting plan was to build a new subway platform on the south side of the tracks to serve the Yonge line, leaving the existing island platform to serve only the University line. This new platform would feature a level connection to the streetcar platform. The project also included significantly expanding the concourse level and replacing all finishes.
When the station opened in 1954, the wall coverings were glossy yellow Vitrolite tiles with red lettering and trim, and the station name on the walls was in the TTC’s unique Toronto Subway Font.
During renovations in the 1980s, the yellow vitrolite tiles were replaced with brown ceramic tiles and vinyl siding and the station font was changed to Univers.
The 2011-2015 station expansion replaced these tiles and panels with white tiles and black trim, and the station name was returned to its original Toronto Subway typeface.
As part of the second platform project, a glass wall was built to block off the southern side of the old platform since it now only serves the University line. It features the art piece "Zones of Immersion" by Stuart Reid, a professor at the OCAD University The work comprises 166 large glass panels, each measuring more than one by two metres, extending 170-metre (560 ft) along the length of the platform. Mostly transparent, it is visible from both the Yonge and University platforms. Each panel contains images or words, many based on sketches that Reid drew while riding the subway.
Leaving the station eastbound, the Yonge leg of the line runs briefly under Front Street and turns 90 degrees north to run under Yonge Street; leaving westbound, the University leg also runs under Front Street, and eventually turns 90 degrees north to run under University Avenue.
This station is one of the only stations that has a curved platform (the other one being St Clair station).
The station is also noted as being one of only three stations on the TTC where a signal light is publicly accessible (the others being Davisville and Islington Station). The signal is located on the east (trailing) end of the University line platform. It is an interlocking signal that protects the crossover to the northbound Yonge Line and is only occasionally used to reverse Yonge Line trains at Union.
Nearby landmarks include Union Station, the Royal York Hotel, the Air Canada Centre, Rogers Centre, the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, the CN Tower, the Royal Bank Plaza, Brookfield Place, the Hockey Hall of Fame, and the Sony Centre for the Performing Arts.
A direct connection between the subway and streetcars within the fare-paid zone is provided for these routes:
- 509 Harborfront westbound to Exhibition Loop
- 510 Spadina northbound to Spadina Station via Harbourfront
A transfer is required to connect between the subway or streetcars and these bus routes at curbside stops:
- 6A Bay northbound to Dupont Street
- 6B northbound to Davenport Road at Yonge Street
- 6+ southbound to Queens Quay and Lower Sherbourne
- 97B Yonge northbound to York Mills Station
- 97B southbound to Queens Quay
- 317 Blue Night Spadina northbound to Spadina Station via Harbourfront
- 320 Blue Night Yonge northbound to Steeles Avenue
- 320A northbound to York Mills Station
- 320E northbound to Eglinton Station
- 320 southbound to Queens Quay
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2014)|
- "Subway ridership, 2013" (PDF). Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
This table shows the typical number of customer-trips made on each subway on an average weekday and the typical number of customers travelling to and from each station platform on an average weekday.
- "Wi-fi Now Available At". TCONNECT. Retrieved January 2015.
Each of the 65 underground stations will have wireless and Wi-Fi service by 2017
- James Bow. "Union". Transit Toronto. Retrieved 2015-05-15.
- "Milestones". About the TTC. Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved December 2014.
1996: Downsview Station, Bloor-Yonge Station, and Union Station become the first accessible subway stations.
- Robert Mackenzie. "TTC opening second subway platform at Union Station, August 18". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 2015-05-17.
- Munro, Steve (2014-10-12). "Streetcars Return to Queens Quay". Steve Munro. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
- Steve Munro (2015-02-06). "TTC Service Changes Effective March 29, 2015". Steve Munro. Retrieved 2015-05-17.
- "Proof-of-Payment (POP)". Fares & Passes. Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 2015-05-17.
- Nick Westoll (August 17, 2014). "TTC opens Union Subway Station second platform". Retrieved August 2014.
The TTC will also be installing a 500-foot glass art wall to block off the southern side of the University line platform. Stuart Reid won an international public art competition for his piece, “Zones of Immersion,” in 2012.
- Christopher Hume (2015-03-31). "Union Station artwork an exercise in artistic transparency". The Toronto Star. Retrieved May 2015.
- Media related to Union subway station at Wikimedia Commons
- Union Station at the Toronto Transit Commission
- Stuart Reid - "Zones of Immersion" union station toronto,[sic] anticipated completion 2014
- History of Union station at Transit Toronto