Union Bank of Australia
It was established in London in October 1837 with a subscribed capital of £500,000. The foundation of the bank had followed a visit to England by Van Diemen's Land banker Philip Oakden with a view to forming a large joint stock bank operating across the Australasian colonies, during which time he gained the support of businessman and banker George Fife Angas who had founded the South Australian Company. The new bank absorbed Oakden's struggling Launceston-based Tamar Bank upon his return, and opened its first branch in the former Tamar Bank premises on 1 May 1838. It expanded into Victoria on 18 October 1838, when it acquired the Melbourne business of the Tasmanian Derwent Bank, which had been the first bank in the city. It then opened its first Sydney branch on 2 January 1839. In 1840, it opened its first New Zealand branch in Wellington. In its early years, it had an agreement with the original Bank of South Australia, of which Angas was also a director, not to open branches in that colony; however, an Adelaide branch was established in 1850. A Brisbane branch opened in 1858 and a branch in Perth followed in 1878.
It became the Union Bank of Australia Limited in 1880. The bank remained open throughout the economic crises of the 1890s. It acquired the Bank of South Australia in 1892. By its centenary in 1937, it had 267 branches and agencies through Australia and New Zealand.
Historic former branches
A number of the bank's former branches are now heritage-listed. These include:
- the Orange, New South Wales branch
- the Albany, Western Australia branch
- the first Fremantle, Western Australia branch
- the second Fremantle, Western Australia branch
- the Maryborough, Queensland branch
- the Rockhampton, Queensland branch
- the Townsville, Queensland branch
- "Union Bank of Australia Ltd (1837 - 1951)". Guide to Australian Business Records. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- "THE UNION BANK OF AUSTRALIA". Illustrated Sydney News. XXV (5). New South Wales, Australia. 31 May 1888. p. 25. Retrieved 23 November 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Centenary Of Union Bank". Smith's Weekly. XX (39). New South Wales, Australia. 26 November 1938. p. 25. Retrieved 23 November 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "THE UNION BANK". The Riverine Grazier. New South Wales, Australia. 3 September 1937. p. 4. Retrieved 24 November 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "UNION BANK". The Advertiser (Adelaide). South Australia. 12 July 1933. p. 19 (South Australian Register (Adelaide SA : 1839–1900)). Retrieved 24 November 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Union Bank's Centenary". Daily Mercury. 71 (210). Queensland, Australia. 3 September 1937. p. 2. Retrieved 24 November 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Bank of South Australia, Adelaide". SAMemory. State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- "UNION BANK". The Forbes Advocate. 26 (70). New South Wales, Australia. 1 October 1937. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2018 – via National Library of Australia.