Union Banking Corporation
The Union Banking Corporation (UBC) was a banking corporation in the US whose assets were seized by the United States government on October 20, 1942 during World War II under the U.S. Trading with the Enemy Act and Executive Order No. 9095.
According to an Oct. 5, 1942, report from the USA's federal Office of Alien Property Custodian, Union Banking was owned by Bank voor Handel en Scheepvaart N.V., a Dutch bank. The memo from August 18, 1941, states "My investigation produced no evidence as to the ownership of this Dutch bank." The Dutch bank was alleged to be affiliated with United Steel Works,[relevant? ] a German company. Fritz Thyssen and his brother, Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, had the Dutch bank and the steel firm as part of their business and financial empire according to the US. government agency. Fritz Thyssen resigned from the Council of State after November 9, 1938 Kristallnacht, was arrested in 1940, and spent the remainder of the war in a sanatorium and in concentration camps. The APC documents say "Whether any or all part of the funds held by Union Banking Corporation, or companies associated with it, belong to Fritz Thyssen could not be established in this investigation."  The assets were held by the government for the duration of the war, then returned afterward; UBC dissolved in the 1950s.
There were 7 directors of UBC:
- Prescott Bush (father of U.S. President George H. W. Bush, and grandfather of US President George W. Bush)
- E. Roland Harriman
- Cornelis Lievense
- Harold D. Pennington
- Ray Morris
- H.J. Kouwenhoven
- Johann G. Groeninger
- George Herbert Walker (until the 1930s)
- W. Averell Harriman
- "Documents: Bush's Grandfather Directed Bank Tied to Man Who Funded Hitler". FoxNews.com. October 17, 2003.
- Campbell, Duncan (September 25, 2004). "How Bush's grandfather helped Hitler's rise to power". London: The Guardian. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- "Records of the Office of the Alien Property Custodian". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
- "Vesting Order Number 248". Federal Register (7 F.R. 5205).
- "Hitler's Angel has 3 millions in N.Y. Bank" (PDF). Washington Post possible copyright violation.