Union Beach, New Jersey
|Union Beach, New Jersey|
|Borough of Union Beach|
Map of Union Beach in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Union Beach, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 16, 1925|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Paul J. Smith, Jr. (R, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Administrator||Robert M. Howard, Jr.|
|• Clerk||Anne Marie Friscia|
|• Total||1.889 sq mi (4.894 km2)|
|• Land||1.804 sq mi (4.673 km2)|
|• Water||0.085 sq mi (0.221 km2) 4.52%|
|Area rank||422nd of 566 in state
33rd of 53 in county
|Elevation||3 ft (0.9 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||5,595|
|• Rank||336th of 566 in state
26th of 53 in county
|• Density||3,461.5/sq mi (1,336.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||185th of 566 in state
19th of 53 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885423|
Union Beach is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,245, reflecting a decline of 404 (-6.1%) from the 6,649 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 493 (+8.0%) from the 6,156 counted in the 1990 Census.
Union Beach was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 16, 1925, from portions of Raritan Township (now Hazlet), based on the results of a referendum held on April 16, 1925. A 100-acre (40 ha) farm in the future borough was owned by the Poole family since the days of the American Revolutionary War. Following the development of the Central Railroad of New Jersey, the Poole Farm became the site of the Union Subdivision in 1908, while an area that had been called East Point Beach Estates was renamed Union Beach by developer Charles Carr in 1920.
The borough is part of the Bayshore Regional Strategic Plan, an effort by nine municipalities in northern Monmouth County to reinvigorate the area's economy by emphasizing the traditional downtowns, dense residential neighborhoods, maritime history, and the natural beauty of the Raritan Bayshore coastline.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Natural disaster
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Controversy
- 8 Notable people
- 9 References
- 10 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.889 square miles (4.894 km2), including 1.804 square miles (4.673 km2) of land and 0.085 square miles (0.221 km2) of water (4.52%).
A monument to the victims of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, constructed of black stone and dedicated in June 2002, is positioned to allow visitors to see past the memorial towards the location where the World Trade Center towers were visible from the borough.
On October 28, 2012, at 4:00pm, a mandatory evacuation was ordered for the entire borough was ordered by the mayor in preparation for Hurricane Sandy, the most destructive hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season, as well as the second-costliest hurricane in United States history. Nearly a third of the borough's more than 6,200 residents had left by the time the worst of Hurricane Sandy had arrived.
| Hurricane Sandy Storm Footage (Union Beach, NJ)|
By morning, the videos and photos seen on television and social media left the state and the entire world in shock. Of the estimated 2,143 households in the borough, approximately 200 homes and businesses were damaged, 400 took on an estimated 6 or more feet of water, 62 were "completely missing" with an additional 100 that had shifted off foundations and were no longer habitable. The boroughs police department initially had to borrow several police cruisers. Municipalities from as far away as Wilmington, NC and Clay County, Florida donated police cruisers. The majority cars were destroyed when flooding reached police headquarters. Former residents from around the country mobilized and organized relief efforts, sending relief supplies, including advising and assisting overwhelmed Union Beach public servants in acquiring replacements of lost emergency vehicles. The Municipality lost 14 police cars, 3 ambulances and 4 fire trucks. Madison Township and Wanaque each gave repurposed police cruisers fully decaled with Union Beach logos, as well as other relief. Some local agencies sold old police cruisers for one dollar each or donated police cars, and donations of two cars each came from North Carolina and Florida. EMS and fire trucks were also donated from near and far.
One of the many businesses in borough to be destroyed was Jakeabob's Bay. One of the major employers in town, the restaurant was a popular summer hangout with its waterfront tiki bar deck and views of the Manhattan skyline. On the morning of October 28 the restaurant was boarded up and prayers were said in hope that the bar that survived Hurricane Irene in 2011 will survive what was to become the most destructive storm in history. By morning, the building was completely destroyed. The storm surge had completely washed through the building, pushing out tables, chairs, menus and displays. The restaurant's famous deck was found blocks inland in a resident's front yard. Its owner, Gigi Liaguno-Dorr, immediately began to organize the relief and rebuilding efforts, but not for her restaurant, but for Union Beach. The building was eventually razed when neither of the insurance companies that covered the restaurant would pay out. Five months later, in April, a new temporary restaurant was able to open in a rented space further inland but still in town called "Jakeabob's Off the Bay". The main focus of the new location was Union Beach and its destruction by Hurricane Sandy. Liaguano-Dorr used the front doors from homes destroyed in the storm as tables and partitions in the restaurant. The walls were adorned with mementos donated by Union Beach residents and photographs from years past. After barely a year, it was announced that Jakeabob's Off the Bay would not be renewing its lease with the temporary location. After months of fighting with the Federal Emergency Management Agency and its insurance company, there wouldn't be enough money to keep operating without loans or the insurance to be paid out.
Union Beach Memorial School, the borough's only school, was inundated with floodwaters and debris when the storm surge and extreme high tide swept through the borough. "It was a disaster. There was just muck and mud everywhere, mulch all over the building," principal Brian Walsh had said in an interview. Hundreds of library books and teaching materials were destroyed along with thousands of dollars worth of instruments. Music teacher Marilouise Metz said she lost decades worth of memorabilia including pictures, photos, newspaper clippings. After several months or emergency repairs by volunteers, including students and teachers, the renovations including new floors, walls, desks and murals painted by teachers, students and volunteers were finished just in time to finish out the school year. The school had been used as an evacuation center but began taking on water as the storm raged.
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,245 people, 2,143 households, and 1,624 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,461.5 per square mile (1,336.5/km2). There were 2,269 housing units at an average density of 1,257.7 per square mile (485.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.05% (5,686) White, 1.54% (96) Black or African American, 0.16% (10) Native American, 1.81% (113) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 3.09% (193) from other races, and 2.35% (147) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.98% (686) of the population.
There were 2,143 households, of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 18.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.32.
In the borough, 24.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $61,347 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,084) and the median family income was $76,744 (+/- $15,912). Males had a median income of $55,000 (+/- $5,759) versus $36,002 (+/- $3,887) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,982 (+/- $1,875). About 3.1% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,649 people, 2,143 households, and 1,722 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,545.1 people per square mile (1,365.5/km2). There were 2,229 housing units at an average density of 1,188.5 per square mile (457.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.45% White, 0.87% African American (U.S. Census), 0.20% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 1.35% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.09% of the population.
There were 2,143 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.6% were non-families. 15.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.44.
In the borough the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $59,946, and the median income for a family was $65,179. Males had a median income of $45,688 versus $29,918 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,973. 4.8% of the population and 4.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 5.6% are under the age of 18 and 5.9% are 65 or older.
Union Beach is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Union Beach, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2016[update], the Mayor of Union Beach is Republican Paul J. Smith, Jr., whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Albin J. Wicki (R, 2018), Louis S. Andreuzzi (R, 2017), Charles W. Cocuzza (R, 2018), Timothy Perrella (D, 2016), Cherlanne Roche (R, 2017) and Jeffrey D. Williams (D, 2016).
In December 2015, the Borough Council appointed Timothy Perrella to fill the vacant seat expiring in December 2016 that had been held by Lawrence T. Mascilak until his resignation in October.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 13th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph M. Kyrillos (R, Middletown Township) and in the General Assembly by Amy Handlin (R, Middletown Township) and Declan O'Scanlon (R, Little Silver). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2014[update], Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township; term ends December 31, 2014), Freeholder Deputy Director Gary J. Rich, Sr. (R, Spring Lake; 2014), Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City; 2016), John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township; 2015) and Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township; 2016). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk M. Claire French (Wall Township), Sheriff Shaun Golden (Farmingdale) and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,782 registered voters in Union Beach, of which 887 (23.5%) were registered as Democrats, 667 (17.6%) were registered as Republicans and 2,228 (58.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 52.6% of the vote (1,109 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 46.3% (976 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (22 votes), among the 2,119 ballots cast by the borough's 3,857 registered voters (12 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 54.9%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 53.2% of the vote (1,490 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.9% (1,229 votes) and other candidates with 1.5% (41 votes), among the 2,802 ballots cast by the borough's 4,103 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 56.2% of the vote (1,569 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 42.0% (1,172 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (37 votes), among the 2,793 ballots cast by the borough's 4,114 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 67.9.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.6% of the vote (1,099 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.2% (362 votes), and other candidates with 2.1% (32 votes), among the 1,520 ballots cast by the borough's 3,642 registered voters (27 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.7%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 65.5% of the vote (1,152 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 24.6% (432 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.7% (136 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (30 votes), among the 1,759 ballots cast by the borough's 3,917 registered voters, yielding a 44.9% turnout.
The Union Beach School System serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade at Union Beach Memorial School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 730 students and 57.5 classroom teachers (on a full-time equivalent basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.70:1.
Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Keyport High School in Keyport, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Keyport Public Schools. Students have the choice, as well, to apply for Red Bank Regional High School for admission into its specialized programs. High school students also have the option to apply to one of the career academies in the Monmouth County Vocational School District.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 25.60 miles (41.20 km) of roadways, of which 22.06 miles (35.50 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.93 miles (4.72 km) by Monmouth County and 0.61 miles (0.98 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Union Beach made national news for fighting a wind turbine proposed by the Bayshore Regional Sewerage Authority that would be constructed within close proximity to residential houses, sensitive bird habitats, and protected wetlands. The agency received approval in October 2009 from the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection for the turbine, which would stand 380 feet (120 m) high. The case was brought to the Supreme Court of New Jersey, which in September 2014 upheld a state law disallowing local ordinances from preventing the development of certain wind power projects in New Jersey.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Union Beach include:
- Paul Bacon (born 1923), designer of book and album covers.
- Freddie Bourne (born 1992), singer-songwriter, best known for his piano pop covers on the video-sharing website YouTube.
- Skip O'Brien (1950-2011), actor who had a recurring role on CSI: Crime Scene Investigation.
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- Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living In/Union Beach, N.J.; Waterfront Borough Making a Comeback", The New York Times, May 5, 2002. Accessed October 13, 2015. "The arrival in the 1890's of the Central Railroad of New Jersey gave the community a boost, leading to the sale and subdivision of nearly all of the large farms. The 100-acre Poole farm became the Union Subdivision starting in 1908. The borough of Union Beach was formed in 1925 when it split off from Middletown Township.... MOST Union Beach students go on to the 523-student Keyport High School in the neighboring borough of Keyport. A handful of students are accepted into Red Bank Regional High School, after passing admissions tests to its three specialized programs: visual and performing arts; information technology; and finance."
- Burket, William H. Union Beach, p. 7. Arcadia Publishing, 1998. ISBN 9780738557793. Accessed October 13, 2015. "The property offered for sale in 1846 by the Florence & Keyport Co. was again offered for sale in 1915 as East Point Beach Estates and again in 1920 as Union Beach by Charles Carr."
- Staff. "Grand opening for waterfront townhouses in Union Beach", Asbury Park Press, August 1, 2010. Accessed March 10, 2015. "Union Beach offers wonderful distant views of the New York City skyline in addition to the Verrazano Narrows Bridge connecting Brooklyn to Staten Island."
- Point-Du-Jour, Rodney. "Memorial honors the memory of Sept. 11 victims", Asbury Park Press, June 30, 2002. Accessed October 28, 2013. "A group of residents yesterday strengthened an intimate bond between their community and the site of World Trade Center towers, which once could be seen from this Bayshore town and is now a vacant space in the New York City skyline, with the dedication of a Sept. 11 memorial."
- Rafei, Roya. "Memorials rise around Shore as towns honor victims", Asbury Park Press, September 2, 2006. "In Union Beach, a 6-foot-high black stone monument has been diamond-etched with an outline of the New York City skyline and was positioned so that someone looking beyond the stone will see the exact site where the towers stood."
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- Zimmer, Russ. "Meet Union Beach's new councilman; Vacancy created after Democratic councilman steps down midway through his first term.", Asbury Park Press, December 4, 2015. Accessed July 18, 2016. "The borough's newest councilman is a political newcomer, but Timothy Perella says he brings valuable experience and an open mind to the Union Beach Borough Council.... That didn't dissuade the rest of the council and Mayor Paul Smith Jr. from selecting the Democrat to finish out the remainder of Lawrence Mascilak's term, which runs through the end of 2016. Mascilak stepped down for personal reasons at the end of October."
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- Keyport Public Schools 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 11, 2016. "Keyport is located in central Monmouth County and educates students pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. We are a receiving district for students from Union Beach that attend Keyport High School."
- About, Monmouth County Vocational School District. Accessed August 31, 2013.
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 7, 2013.
- Route 71 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, April 2009. Accessed November 7, 2013.
- Monmouth County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed August 9, 2012.
- McConville, Jim. "Union Beach wind turbine plan gets DEP approval", Asbury Park Press, October 31, 2009. Accessed July 15, 2012. "The Bayshore Regional Sewerage Authority has been given the OK by the state Department of Environmental Protection to go out to bid for construction of a 380-foot-tall, energy-producing wind turbine, officials said."
- Spoto, MaryAnn. "N.J. Supreme Court won't hear appeal of controversial Union Beach wind turbine", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, September 26, 2014. Accessed May 7, 2015. "Union Beach has been dealt a blow in its fight against the construction of a wind turbine at the Bayshore Regional Sewerage Authority after the state Supreme Court refused to consider hearing its appeal. The denial by the state's highest court affirms lower court rulings that said an amendment to the state's Municipal Land Use Law trumps a borough ordinance that effectively blocked the construction of the turbine."
- Staff. "Interview: Paul Bacon (Part 1)", Jazzwax.com, July 13, 2010. Accessed August 9, 2012.
- Staff. "Watchung Arts Center announces NJ Idol-Vocal Competition 2013 winners", Independent Press, March 7, 2013. Accessed October 13, 2015. "Finalists included: Danielle Bellomo, East Hanover; Frederick 'Freddie' Bourne, Union Beach..."
- Staff. "Skip O'Brien: Obituary", Asbury Park Press, April 8, 2011. Accessed August 9, 2012. "Born Bernard Francis O'Brien in Jersey City, Skip moved to Union Beach as a young boy, and lived there until he entered the U.S. Marine Corps in 1968. After graduating from Brookdale College in 1980, he moved to California to pursue his dream of becoming an actor.... He relocated to Hazlet in 2010 to be close to his family."