Cabinet of India

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The Cabinet of India is the collective decision-making body of the Government of India, consists of the Prime Minister and 35 Cabinet Ministers, the most senior of the government ministers. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory.

The Union Cabinet of the Government of India Indian general election, 2009 held in five phases in 2009: on 16 April, 22/23 April, 30 April, 7 and 13 May 2009. The results of the election were announced on 16 May 2009 and led to the formation of the 15th Lok Sabha. Dr Manmohan Singh took oath as the 13th Prime Minister of India on 22 May 2009, followed by the oath-taking ceremonies of the present 'Council of Ministers' in two phases. Most of the cabinet functions from Cabinet Secretariat, based out of the Secretariat Building, New Delhi.

Cabinet Secretary[edit]

The current Cabinet Secretary is Mr.Ajit Seth.[1]

The following are the functions of a Cabinet Secretary:[2]

  • Provide assistance to the Council of Ministers
  • Act as adviser and conscience keeper of the civil services
  • Handle senior appointments
  • Preparation of the agenda of the Cabinet
  • Attend the meet
  • Ensure that the Cabinet decisions are implemented
  • Advise the Prime Minister
  • Act as the Chairman of the Committee of Secretaries on Administration
  • Act as the Chairman of the Chief Secretaries Committee
  • Provide an element of continuity and stability to administration during crises

In the Government of India Allocation of Business Rules, 1961, "Cabinet Secretariat" finds a place in the First Schedule to the Rules. The subjects allotted to this Secretariat are, firstly, secretarial assistance to Cabinet and Cabinet Committees, and secondly, the administration of the Rules of Business.

The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India Transaction of Business Rules, 1961 and the Government of India Allocation of Business Rules 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/Departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these rules. The Secretariat assists in decision-making in Government by ensuring Inter-Ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst Ministries/Departments and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing/adhoc Committees of Secretaries. Through this mechanism new policy initiatives are also promoted.

The Cabinet Secretariat ensures that the President of India, the Vice-President and Ministers are kept informed of the major activities of all Departments by means of a monthly summary of their activities. Management of major crisis situations in the country and coordinating activities of the various Ministries in such a situation is also one of the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat.

The Cabinet Secretariat has 3 wings: Civil, Military and Intelligence. The Civil wing is the main wing and provides aid, advise and assistance to the Union Cabinet. The Military wing provides secretarial assistance to the Defence Committee of the Cabinet, the Military Affairs Committee, the National Defence Council and other committees dealing with defence matters. The Intelligence wing deals with matters pertaining to the Joint Intelligence Committee of the Union Cabinet. The chief of Research and Analysis Wing R&AW also officially first reports to the Cabinet Secretary, and is officially designated Secretary R in the Cabinet Secretariat. The Cabinet Secretary is arguably India's most powerful bureaucrat and right hand of Prime Minister of India.

Council of Ministers[edit]

Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh heads his second Cabinet, May 2009 to present

This is a list of current members of the Council of Ministers of the Government of India. All ministers are based in offices of their respective Union Ministries in New Delhi.

All Cabinet members are mandated by the constitution to be members of either House of the Parliament of India. In a departure from the norm the current Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, is a member of the upper house, the Rajya Sabha. He remained so for the duration of his entire first term (2004–2009). Most, but not all, previous Prime Ministers have been elected members of the Lok Sabha.[3]

There are three categories of ministers, in descending order of rank:

  • Union Cabinet Minister: senior minister in-charge of a ministry. A cabinet minister may also hold additional charges of other Ministries, where no other Cabinet minister is appointed
  • Minister of State (Independent Charges): with no overseeing Union cabinet minister for that portfolio
  • Minister of State (MoS): junior minister to overseeing cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry. For instance, an MoS in the Finance Ministry may only handle taxation.

Union Ministers[edit]

Portfolios Name Image Age Parliamentary constituency Party Educational background
Department of Atomic Energy Manmohan Singh Manmohansingh04052007.jpg 81 Assam (Rajya Sabha) INC
Department of Space
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Planning Commission
Ministry of Defence A. K. Antony എ.കെ. ആന്റണി.jpg 73 Kerala (Rajya Sabha) INC
Ministry of Agriculture Sharad Pawar Sharad Pawar, Minister of AgricultureCrop.jpg 73 Madha NCP
Ministry of Finance P. Chidambaram Pchidambaram.jpg 68 Sivaganga INC Harvard University (M.B.A)
Ministry of External Affairs Salman Khurshid Salman Khurshid.jpg 61 Farrukhabad INC St Edmund Hall
Ministry of Home Affairs Sushilkumar Shinde Sushilkumar Shinde.JPG 71 Solapur INC
Ministry of Communications and Information Technology Kapil Sibal Kapil Sibal.jpg 64 Chandni Chowk INC
Ministry of Law and Justice
Ministry of Human Resource Development Pallam Raju 50 Kakinada INC
Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Girija Vyas Girija Vyas.jpg 67 INC
Ministry of Civil Aviation Ajit Singh 73 Baghpat RLD
Ministry of Mines Dinsha Patel 75 Kheda INC
Ministry of Commerce and Industry Anand Sharma Anand Sharma - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg 60 Himachal Pradesh (Rajya Sabha) INC
Ministry of Textiles Kavuru Samba Siva Rao 69 Eluru INC
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas Veerappa Moily 73 Chikballapur INC
Ministry of Culture Chandresh Kumari Chandresh Kumari Katoch.jpg 68 Jodhpur INC
Ministry of Water Resources Gulam Nabi Azad 65 Haridwar INC
Ministry of Rural Development Jairam Ramesh Jairam ramesh.jpg 58 Andhra Pradesh (Rajya Sabha) INC
Ministry of Urban Development Kamal Nath Kamal Nath - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2008.jpg 66 Chhindwara INC
Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs Vayalar Ravi Vayalar Ravi-crop.jpg 75 Kerala INC
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Ghulam Nabi Azad Ghulam Nabi Azad.jpg 63 Jammu and Kashmir (Rajya Sabha) INC
Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Praful Patel Praful Patel World Economic Forum 2013.jpg 55 Bhandara-Gondiya NCP
Ministry of Panchayati Raj Kishore Chandra Deo 65 Araku INC
Ministry of Tribal Affairs
Ministry of Science and Technology Jaipal Reddy Jaipal Sudini Reddy 03212.JPG 71 Chevella INC
Ministry of Earth Sciences
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Oscar Fernandes 72 Karnataka (Rajya Sabha) INC
Ministry of Labour and Employment
Ministry of Railways Mallikarjun Kharge Kharge.jpg 70 Gulbarga INC
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Ministry of Shipping G. K. Vasan GKVasan copy.jpg 48 Tamil Nadu (Rajya Sabha) INC
Ministry of Steel Beni Prasad Verma 71 Gonda INC
Ministry of Coal Shriprakash Jaiswal 68 Kanpur INC
Ministry of Minority Affairs K. Rahman Khan K Rahman Khan (cropped).jpg 73 Karnataka (Rajya Sabha) INC

Ministers of State (Independent Charges)[edit]

A 'Minister of State with independent charge' is a junior Minister in the Federal (State) or Central Government of India but is in charge of a ministry, unlike Minister of State who is also a junior Minister but assists a cabinet minister. All the following ministers are from the Indian National Congress.

Sl. No. Name Responsible Ministries Age Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha Party Educational Qualification
1 Manish Tewari Information and Broadcasting 47 Lok Sabha (Ludhiana, Punjab) INC
2 Chiranjeevi (Konidala Siva Sankara Vara Prasad) Tourism 58 Rajya Sabha (Andhra Pradesh) INC B.Com from Y.N College, Narasapuram, AP
3 Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia Power 42 Lok Sabha (Guna, Madhya Pradesh) INC M.A., M.B.A., Stanford University, U.S.A
4 Bharatsinh Madhavsinh Solanki Drinking Water and Sanitation 59 Lok Sabha (Anand, Gujarat) INC B.E. (Civil)[4]
5 Jitendra Singh Youth Affairs and Sports 41 Lok Sabha (Alwar, Rajasthan) INC B.Com[5]
6 Sachin Pilot Corporate Affairs 35 Lok Sabha (Ajmer, Rajasthan) INC M.B.A. – Wharton Business School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
7 Krishna Tirath Women and Child Development 57 Lok Sabha (North West Delhi, Delhi) INC M.A., B.Ed. (University of Delhi)[6]
8 K. V. Thomas Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution 66 Lok Sabha (Ernakulam, Kerala) INC M.Sc.(Chemistry)[7]
9 Srikant Kumar Jena Statistics and Program Implementation and Chemicals and Fertilizers[8] 62 Lok Sabha (Balasore, Odisha) INC B.A. Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha[9]
10 Veerappa Moily Environment and Forests 58 Lok Sabha (Chikkaballapura,Karnataka) INC B.A., University College, Mangalore, B.L, University law College, Bangalore.
11 Paban Singh Ghatowar Development of North Eastern Region, Parliamentary Affairs[8] 62 Lok Sabha (Dibrugarh, Assam) INC B.A. Gauhati University, Guwahati[10]
12 K. H. Muniyappa Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises 64 Lok Sabha (Kolar, Karnataka) INC B.A., LL.B.[11]

Source: Council of Ministers[12]

Ministers of State[edit]

Sl. No. Name Responsible Ministries Age Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha Party Educational Qualification
1 E. Ahamed External Affairs 74 Lok Sabha Malappuram, Kerala MUL B.A., B.L.[13]
2 Shashi Tharoor Human Resource Development 56 Lok Sabha Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala INC St. Stephen's College, Delhi (B.A.)

Tufts University (M.A., M.A.L.D., Ph.D.)

3 Tariq Anwar Agriculture 61 Rajya Sabha, Maharastra NCP B.Sc.[14]
4 Mullappally Ramachandran Home Affairs 67 Lok Sabha Vadakara,Kerala INC MA, LLB[15]
5 V. Narayanasamy Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions and Prime Minister Office 65 Lok Sabha Puducherry INC B.A., M.L.[16]
6 Daggubati Purandeswari Commerce and Industry 53 Lok Sabha, Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh INC BA[17]
7 Panabaka Lakshmi Textiles 54 Lok Sabha, Bapatla, Prakasam Dist,Andhra Pradesh INC M.A.(Public Administration)[18]
8 Namo Narain Meena Finance 68 Lok Sabha, Tonk-Sawai Madhopur INC M. A. (Geography)[19]
9 Jitin Prasada Human Resource Development and Defence 38 Lok Sabha Dhaurahra, Uttar Pradesh INC M.B.A,[20]
10 Preneet Kaur External Affairs 68 Lok Sabha Patiala, Punjab INC B.A., T.T.C.[21]
11 Tushar Amarsinh Chaudhary Road Transport and Highways 46 Lok Sabha, Bardoli INC M.B.B.S[22]
12 Pratik Prakashbapu Patil Coal 39 Lok Sabha Sangli INC Intermediate, Diploma in Automobile Engineering[23]
13 R. P. N. Singh Home Affairs 48 Lok Sabha Khushi Nagar INC B.A. (Hons.) History[24]
14 Pradeep Jain Aditya Rural Development 50 Lok Sabha, Jhansi INC M.A., M.Com., L.L.B.[25]
15 K. C. Venugopal Civil Aviation and Power 49 Lok Sabha Alappuzha, Kerala INC M.Sc.(Mathematics)[26]
16 Charan Das Mahant Agriculture and Food Processing Industries 57 Lok Sabha Korba, Chhattisgarh INC M.Sc., M.A., LL.B., PhD[27]
17 Milind Murli Deora Communications and Information Technology 35 Lok Sabha, Mumbai-South INC BBA (Bachelor of Science in Business Administration)[28]
18 Rajeev Shukla Parliamentary Affairs and Planning 53 Rajya Sabha, Maharastra INC M.A., LL.B.
19 Kodikunnil Suresh Labor and Employment 50 Lok Sabha Mavelikara,Kerala INC LL.B [29]
20 K.J. Surya Prakash Reddy Railways 61 Lok Sabha Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh INC B.A [30]
21 Ranee Narah Tribal Affairs 46 Lok Sabha Lakhimpur,Assam INC B.A [31]
22 Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury Railways 56 Lok Sabha Berhampore, West Bengal INC Under Matriculate [32]
23 Killi Krupa Rani Communications and Information Technology 46 Lok Sabha Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh INC M.B.B.S [33]
24 Abu Hasem Khan Choudhury Health and Family Welfare 74 Lok Sabha Malda, West Bengal INC Degree in Industrial Psychology (Northampton college,England),University of Guleph, Canada [34]
25 Sarvey Sathyanarayana, Road Transport and Highways 58 Lok Sabha Malkajgiri, Andhra Pradesh INC B.A, LL.B
26 Ninong Ering Minority Affairs 53 Lok Sabha Arunachal East INC B.A
27 Deepa Dasmunsi Urban Development 52 Lok Sabha Raiganj, West Bengal INC M.A.(Dramatics)
28 Lal Chand Kataria Defence 44 Lok Sabha Jaipur Rural INC Intermediate[35]
29 Porika Balram Naik Social Justice and Empowerment 48 Lok Sabha, Mahabubabad INC B.A.[36]

New Ministers of State alongside old ones:[37]

Demographics of the Council of Ministers[edit]

UPA Cabinet by Party[edit]

Source: Various news organisations[38][39][40][41]
The new United Progressive Alliance (UPA) included 77 members, 76 members in the cabinet plus Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The first 20 cabinet ministers including Manmohan Singh, swore in on 22 May 2009, while the other 59 cabinet members swore in on 27 May 2009. The non-Congress cabinet ministers, include Sharad Pawar and Praful Patel from Nationalist Congress Party, Farooq Abdullah from National Conference and Chaudhary Ajit Singh from RLD.

Party # Cabinet Ministers # Ministers of State (I) # Ministers of State Total number of ministers
Indian National Congress 28 12 31 71
Nationalist Congress Party 2 0 1 3
Jammu and Kashmir National Conference 1 0 0 1
Rashtriya Lok Dal 1 0 0 1
Indian Union Muslim League 0 0 1 1
Total 32 12 33 77

United Progressive Alliance Cabinet by States[edit]

Sources:[42][43][44]

State # Cabinet Ministers # Ministers of State(I) # Ministers of State Total number of ministers
Maharashtra 2 3 5
Tamil Nadu 2 1 1 4
Andhra Pradesh 5 1 5 11
Kerala 2 1 5 8
Bihar
Madhya Pradesh 1 1 2
Karnataka 3 1 4
Himachal Pradesh 1 1
Haryana 1 1
Odisha 1 1
Jammu and Kashmir 2 2
Punjab 1 1 1 3
Delhi 1 2 3
Rajasthan 2 4 6
West Bengal 3 3
Chhattisgarh 1 1
Gujarat 1 1 1 3
Puducherry 1 1
Uttar Pradesh 3 3 6
Jharkhand 1
Meghalaya 2 2
Uttarakhand 1 1
Assam 1 1 1 3
Chandigarh 1 1
Arunachal Pradesh
Goa
Manipur
Mizoram 7 4
Nagaland
Sikkim
Tripura
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
Lakshadweep
Total 35 10 38 78

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cabinet Secretariat - Government of India. Cabsec.nic.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-18.
  2. ^ "Functions of Cabinet Secretariat". Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Council of Ministers". Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Bharatsinh Madhavsinh Solanki - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  5. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Jitendra Singh - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  6. ^ Detailed Profile - Smt. Krishna Tirath - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  7. ^ Detailed Profile - Prof. Kuruppassery Varkey Thomas - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  8. ^ a b Council of Ministers - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  9. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Srikant Kumar Jena - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  10. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Paban Singh Ghatowar - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  11. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri K.H. Muniyappa - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  12. ^ Council of Ministers | National Portal of India. India.gov.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-18.
  13. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri E. Ahamed - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  14. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Tariq Anwar - Members of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  15. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Ramachandran Mullappally - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  16. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri V. Narayanasamy - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  17. ^ Detailed Profile - Smt. Daggubati Purandeswari - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  18. ^ Detailed Profile - Smt. Lakshmi Panabaka - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  19. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Namo Narain Meena - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  20. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Jitin Prasada - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  21. ^ Detailed Profile - Smt. Preneet Kaur - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  22. ^ Detailed Profile - Dr. Tushar Amarsinh Chaudhary - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  23. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Pratik Prakashbapu Patil - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  24. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Ratanjit Pratap Narain Singh - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  25. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Pradeep Kumar Jain Aditya - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  26. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri K. C. Venugopal - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  27. ^ Detailed Profile - Dr. Charan Das Mahant - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  28. ^ Detailed Profile - Shri Milind Murli Deora - Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  29. ^ Detailed Profile - Kodikunnil Suresh - Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  30. ^ Detailed Profile - K.J.Surya Prakash Reddy - Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  31. ^ Detailed Profile - Ranee Narah - Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  32. ^ Detailed Profile - Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury - Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  33. ^ Detailed Profile - Killi Kruparani - Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  34. ^ Detailed Profile - A.H. Khan Choudhury - Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  35. ^ Detailed Profile - Lalchand Kataria - Member of parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  36. ^ Detailed Profile - Porika Balram Naik - Member of parliament (Lok Sabha) - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India
  37. ^ - Council of Ministers | National Portal of India
  38. ^ Super Admin (27 May 2009). "Manmohan Singh | Cabinet Expansion | UPA | Congress | NCP | Trinamool Congress | List of Ministers". News.oneindia.in. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  39. ^ "59 new ministers inducted in Manmohan’s cabinet, gone up to 79". GroundReport. 28 May 2009. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  40. ^ 59 ministers sworn in to complete India's new government - Monsters and Critics
  41. ^ [1][dead link]
  42. ^ Front Page : Southern States get a big share. The Hindu (2009-05-29). Retrieved on 2013-07-18.
  43. ^ Naveen ups the ante over state's share in PM team - Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2009-05-28). Retrieved on 2013-07-18.
  44. ^ "Council of Ministers – Who's Who – Government: National Portal of India". India.gov.in. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 

External links[edit]