Union City, Indiana
|City of Union City|
Downtown Union City
Location in the state of Indiana
|• Mayor||Bryan K. Conklin (R)|
|• Total||2.21 sq mi (5.72 km2)|
|• Land||2.20 sq mi (5.70 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2) 0.45%|
|Elevation||1,125 ft (343 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,534|
|• Density||1,629.1/sq mi (629.0/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0445119|
Union City was a stop along the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad, a forerunner of the Pennsylvania Railroad that connected Pittsburgh to Chicago and St. Louis. The Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway (also known as the "Big Four", a predecessor of the New York Central) had the east-west route connecting Indianapolis, Anderson and Muncie, Indiana with Sidney, Bellefontaine and Columbus, Ohio. It is believed by some area residents that the town got its nickname "The Hub City" because the two railroads intersected near the Ohio and Indiana state line.
Union City is located at (40.201173, -84.815094).
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 2.21 square miles (5.7 km2), of which 2.20 square miles (5.7 km2) (or 99.55%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) (or 0.45%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,584 people, 1,477 households, and 922 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,629.1 inhabitants per square mile (629.0/km2). There were 1,733 housing units at an average density of 787.7 per square mile (304.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.6% White, 1.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 9.2% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.8% of the population.
There were 1,477 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04.
The median age in the city was 35.4 years. 28.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 16.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,622 people, 1,569 households, and 969 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,995.1 people per square mile (768.4/km²). There were 1,738 housing units at an average density of 957.3 per square mile (368.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.04% White, 1.02% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.12% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.53% of the population.
There were 1,569 households, of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city the population was 25.2% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,526, and the median income for a family was $34,250. Males had a median income of $27,877 versus $17,850 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,981. About 14.5% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.4% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.
Union City was once at the forefront of the railroad and automotive industries. In an effort to mirror these past successes, local business and government leaders have been heavily promoting "green" initiatives. Since 2009, these initiatives have been brought to the forefront at the annual "Boomtown" event. The event serves as a forum for networking, showcasing past successes, and discussing future endeavors.
Union City maintains two wind turbines, one of which is used to power the local school district.
UnionCityNow.com is a locally owned online media outlet that focuses on current events and news stories within the community. The site also contains discussion forums focused on Union City history and local genealogy.
KISS TV is a local-access television station run by the school corporation. It broadcasts on the local Time Warner Cable feed, as well as online. The school's DECA chapter also runs two school businesses: "The TeePee" which is a school store where students and staff can buy snacks during lunch periods, and "Apache Design" which is a T-shirt printing business where students record and produce orders for school functions and for various organizations in the community and surrounding area.
- Rick Derringer, guitarist and founding member of The McCoys, hit songwriter ("Rock and Roll, Hoochie Koo") who later worked extensively with Johnny Winter, Edgar Winter and others, in addition to developing a solo career.
- Isaac P. Gray, 18th and 20th governor of Indiana and Minister to Mexico in the second Cleveland administration. Buried in Union City Cemetery.
- Earle Raymond Hedrick, mathematician and vice president of University of California.
- Randy Jo Hobbs (1948–1993), born in Winchester, Indiana, later relocated to Union City. Bassist and founding member of The McCoys, he later worked extensively with Johnny Winter and also played with Jimi Hendrix. Hobbs is buried at St. Mary's Catholic Cemetery, Union City.
- Haleoke Kahualopua, a Hawaiian-born singer who appeared on TV on Ed Sullivan's Toast of the Town and for five years (1950–55) on The Arthur Godfrey Show. She retired to Union City at a young age to live with her friends the Paul Keck family. Kahualopua died in her adopted town on December 16, 2004, at the age of 82.
- Henry Jackson (1861–1932), born in Union City, was a major-league baseball player for the Indianapolis Hoosiers in 1887. He played first base and batted .263. Jackson is buried in Union City Cemetery.
- "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Randy Jo Hobbs cemetery particulars; www.findagrave.com.
- Buddhism, A Westerner's Compendium, p.3 footnote, by Kirby L. Whitacre, 2007