Union Council of Ministers

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The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India.[1] It consists of senior ministers, called 'cabinet ministers', junior ministers, called 'ministers of state' and, rarely, deputy ministers.

It is led by the prime minister. A smaller executive body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India.[2] Only the prime minister and ministers of the rank of cabinet minister are members of Union Cabinet in accordance with Article 352.

Regulation[edit]

Pursuant to Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of People).[1] When a bill introduced by a minister in the Lok Sabha is not approved by it, entire council of ministers is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing confidence of Lok Sabha shall resign to facilitate new government formation.

A minister shall not take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers per Article 78(c). All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose proclamation of emergency by the president in accordance with Article 352.

According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the council of ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post.[1]

Ranking[edit]

There are five categories of council of ministers as given below, in descending order of rank:

  • Prime minister
  • Deputy prime minister (if any); presides as prime minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.[3]
  • Cabinet minister: member of cabinet; leads a ministry.
  • Minister of state (independent charge): junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister.
  • Minister of state (MoS): junior minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.

Appointment[edit]

Pursuant to Article 75, a minister who works at the pleasure of president, is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister.

Removal[edit]

  • Upon self resignation
  • Upon dismissal by the President for minister's unconstitutional acts per Article 75(2).[4]
  • Upon direction from the Judiciary for committing violation of law.
  • Upon ceasing eligibility to be a member of Parliament.

Council of Ministers of a State[edit]

Every state in India is governed by its council of ministers with rules and procedures similar to union council of ministers per Articles 163, 164 and 167(c). There is no concept of cabinet rank minister in the council of ministers.

Current Union Council of Ministers[edit]

As a collective, each successive Council of Ministers is referred to as a cabinet. The current cabinet is led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who took office on 26 May 2014. Source:[5][6][7]

Key

India cabinet ministers information-2014

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Department of Atomic Energy
Department of Space
All important policy issues and all other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
 Narendra Modi26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs Sushma Swaraj26 May 20147 January 2016BJPThis Ministry was merged with Ministry of External Affairs
Minister of Finance
Minister of Corporate Affairs
 Arun Jaitley26 May 201414 May 2018BJP 
 Piyush Goyal14 May 2018IncumbentBJPThis portfolio was assigned to Piyush Goyal because of Arun Jaitley's health issues.[8]
Minister of Defence Arun Jaitley26 May 20149 November 2014BJP 
 Manohar Parrikar9 November 201413 March 2017BJP 
 Arun Jaitley13 March 20173 September 2017BJP 
 Nirmala Sitharaman3 September 2017IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Information and Broadcasting Prakash Javadekar26 May 20149 November 2014BJP[9]
 Arun Jaitley9 November 20145 July 2016BJP 
 Venkaiah Naidu5 July 201617 July 2017BJP[10]
 Smriti Irani18 July 201714 May 2018BJPCurrently Minister of State in charge[11]
 Rajyavardhan Rathore14 May 2018IncumbentBJP
Minister of Railways D. V. Sadananda Gowda26 May 20149 November 2014BJP 
 Suresh Prabhu9 November 20143 September 2017BJP 
 Piyush Goyal3 September 2017IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Urban Development
Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
 Venkaiah Naidu26 May 201417 July 2017BJP 
 Narendra Singh Tomar18 July 20173 September 2017BJPCurrently Minister of state in charge
Minister of Road Transport and Highways
Minister of Shipping
 Nitin Gadkari26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Law and Justice Ravi Shankar Prasad 26 May 20149 November 2014BJP 
 D.V. Sadananda Gowda9 November 20145 July 2016BJP 
 Ravi Shankar Prasad5 July 2016IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Electronics and Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation  Uma Bharati26 May 20143 September 2017BJP 
 Nitin Gadkari3 September 2017IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Drinking Water and Sanitation Gopinath Munde26 May 20143 June 2014BJP 
 Nitin Gadkari4 June 20149 November 2014BJP 
 Chaudhary Birender Singh9 November 20145 July 2016BJP 
 Narendra Singh Tomar5 July 20163 September 2017BJP 
 Uma Bharati3 September 2017IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Minority Affairs Najma A. Heptulla26 May 201412 July 2016BJP 
 Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi12 July 2016IncumbentBJP
Minister of Rural Development
Minister of Panchayati Raj
 Gopinath Munde26 May 20143 June 2014[†]BJP 
 Nitin Gadkari4 June 20149 November 2014BJP[12]
 Birender Singh9 November 20145 July 2016BJP[13]
 Narendra Singh Tomar5 July 2016IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Mines Narendra Singh Tomar27 May 20145 July 2016BJP 
 Piyush Goyal6 July 20163 September 2017BJPMinister of state was responsible
 Narendra Singh Tomar3 September 2017IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Ram Vilas Paswan26 May 2014IncumbentLJP 
Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Kalraj Mishra26 May 201431 August 2017BJPCurrently Minister of state in charge
Minister of Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhi26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Venkaiah Naidu26 May 20145 July 2016BJP 
 Ananth Kumar5 July 2016IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers Ananth Kumar26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Civil Aviation Ashok Gajapathi Raju Pusapati26 May 20148 March 2018TDP[14] 
 Suresh Prabhu10 March 2018IncumbentBJP[15]
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Anant Geete26 May 2014IncumbentShiv Sena 
Minister of Food Processing Industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal26 May 2014IncumbentSAD 
Minister of Steel Narendra Singh Tomar26 May 20145 July 2016BJP 
 Chaudhary Birender Singh5 July 2016IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Labour and Employment Bandaru Dattatreya26 May 20141 September 2017BJPCurrently Minister of state in charge
Minister of Tribal Affairs Jual Oram26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare  Radha Mohan Singh26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot26 May 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Human Resource Development Smriti Irani26 May 20145 July 2016BJP 
 Prakash Javadekar5 July 2016IncumbentBJP[10]
Minister of Science and Technology Harsh Vardhan9 November 2014IncumbentBJP 
Minister Of Health and Family Welfare Harsh Vardhan4 June 20149 November 2014BJP 
 Jagat Prakash Nadda9 November 2014IncumbentBJP[16]
Minister of Textiles Smriti Irani5 July 2016IncumbentBJP 
Minister of Statistics and Programme Implementation Rao Inderjit Singh26 May 20149 November 2014BJPMinister of state was responsible
 V K Singh9 November 20145 July 2016BJPMinister of state was responsible
 D. V. Sadananda Gowda5 July 2016IncumbentBJP 
Minister Of Commerce and Industry Nirmala Sitharaman26 May 20143 September 2017BJPMinister of state was responsible
 Suresh Prabhu3 September 2017IncumbentBJP 
Minister Of Coal Piyush Goyal26 May 20143 September 2017BJPMinister of state was responsible
 Piyush Goyal3 September 2017IncumbentBJP 
Minister Of Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan26 May 20143 September 2017BJPMinister of state was responsible
 Dharmendra Pradhan3 September 2017IncumbentBJP 

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)[edit]

Minister Party Portfolio
Rao Inderjit Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Planning; and

Minister of State in the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers

Santosh Kumar Gangwar Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Labour and Employment
Shripad Yasso Naik Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)
Dr. Jitendra Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region; Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office; Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions; Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy; and Minister of State in the Department of Space
Dr. Mahesh Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Culture; and

Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Giriraj Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
Manoj Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Communications; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.
Col. Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports; and Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
R. K. Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Power; and Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
Hardeep Singh Puri Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
Alphons Kannanthanam Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Tourism.

Ministers of State[edit]

Minister Party Portfolio
Vijay Goel Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
Pon Radhakrishnan Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Shipping.
S.S. Ahluwalia Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.[17]
Ramesh Jigajinagi Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Ramdas Athawale Republican Party of India (A) Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Vishnu Deo Sai Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel.
Ram Kripal Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development.
Hansraj Ahir Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Coal.
Rajen Gohain Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.
General (Retd.) V. K. Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs.
Parshottam Rupala Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare; and

Minister of State in the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.

Jayant Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party Civil Aviation
Krishan Pal Gurjar Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Jasvantsinh Sumanbhai Bhabhor Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
Shiv Pratap Shukla Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance.
Ashwini Kumar Choubey Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Sudarshan Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
Kiren Rijiju Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Upendra Kushwaha Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Dr. Virendra Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development; and

Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority Affairs.

Anupriya Patel Apna Dal (Sonelal) Minister of State in the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
M. J. Akbar Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs.
Anant Kumar Hegde Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries.
Jayant Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
Babul Supriyo Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises.
Arjun Ram Meghwal Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
Vijay Sampla Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Ajay Tamta Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Textiles.
Krishna Raj Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Chhotu Ram Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
P. P. Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Law and Justice; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
Dr. Subhash Ramrao Bhamre Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence.
Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Dr. Satya Pal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 74 .7BCouncil of Ministers to aid and advise President.7D
  2. ^ Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part XVIII
  3. ^ Rajendran, S. (July 13, 2012). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Bangalore. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved March 7, 2018. 
  4. ^ "Origin and Scope of Doctrine of Pleasure in India". Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-10. Retrieved 2014-12-10. 
  6. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Full-list-PM-Modis-new-look-Cabinet/articleshow/53067400.cms%7CFull Archived 2014-12-12 at the Wayback Machine. list: PM Modi's new-look Cabinet
  7. ^ "President of India allocates portfolios of the Council of Ministers". Press Information Bureau. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  8. ^ "Union Cabinet reshuffle: Rajyavardhan Rathore replaces Smriti Irani as I&B minister, Piyush Goyal gets finance ministry". Times of India. May 14, 2018. 
  9. ^ "Shri Prakash Javadekar assumes charge as Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Information & Broadcasting". Press Information Bureau. 27 May 2014. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Smriti Irani out of HRD, Venkaiah Naidu gets I&B ministry". Indian Express. New Delhi. 5 July 2016. Archived from the original on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Union Cabinet reshuffle: Rajyavardhan Rathore replaces Smriti Irani as I&B minister, Piyush Goyal gets finance ministry - Times of India". The Times of India. 
  12. ^ "Nitin Gadkari given additional charge of portfolios held by Gopinath Munde". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 2014-06-06. 
  13. ^ "Modi Cabinet rejig: Manohar Parrikar new Defence Minister, Suresh Prabhu gets Railways". Zee News. Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. 
  14. ^ Nair, Sobhana K. (8 March 2018). "TDP Ministers Ashok Gajapathi Raju and Y.S. Chowdary resign from Union Cabinet". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 March 2018. 
  15. ^ "Suresh Prabhu given additional charge of aviation ministry after TDP minister A.G. Raju resigns". liveMint. Retrieved 12 March 2018. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-12. Retrieved 2014-12-14. 
  17. ^ "Union Cabinet reshuffle: Rajyavardhan Rathore replaces Smriti Irani as I&B minister, Piyush Goyal gets finance ministry - Times of India". The Times of India. 


See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]