Union County, Indiana

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Union County, Indiana
Union County Courthouse, Liberty, in daylight.jpg
Union County Courthouse, Liberty
Map of Indiana highlighting Union County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Seat Liberty
Largest town Liberty
 • Total 165.18 sq mi (428 km2)
 • Land 161.22 sq mi (418 km2)
 • Water 3.95 sq mi (10 km2), 2.39%
 • (2010) 7,516
 • Density 46/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.unioncountyin.gov
Footnotes: Indiana county number 81
Liberty from the air, looking east.

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 7,516.[1] The county seat is Liberty.[2]


Union County was formed in 1821. It was so named because it is the product of a union of parts of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties. The first settlers were from Laurens District, South Carolina. John Templeton was the first settler to enter land at the Cincinnati land office in what would become Harmony Township, Union County Indiana. The first county seat was Brownsville, a small town located on the East Fork of the Whitewater River. The seat was moved in 1824 to Liberty, a central location. The primary industry of Union County was and is farming.

Union County is the birthplace of Thomas Warren Bennett, Mary Alice Smith (Little Orphan Annie), Cincinnatus Hiner "Joaquin" Miller, Jay Hall Connaway, Major General Frederick Leroy Martin and Ambrose Burnside.


According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 165.18 square miles (427.8 km2), of which 161.22 square miles (417.6 km2) (or 97.60%) is land and 3.95 square miles (10.2 km2) (or 2.39%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]



Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Liberty, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Liberty have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −31 °F (−35 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in September 1951. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.68 inches (68 mm) in September to 4.90 inches (124 mm) in May.[4]


The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a circuit court that can handle all case types. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level appeals court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. People elected to county government positions are required to be residents of the county.[6]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 7,944
1840 8,017 0.9%
1850 6,944 −13.4%
1860 7,109 2.4%
1870 6,341 −10.8%
1880 7,673 21.0%
1890 7,006 −8.7%
1900 6,748 −3.7%
1910 6,260 −7.2%
1920 6,021 −3.8%
1930 5,880 −2.3%
1940 6,017 2.3%
1950 6,412 6.6%
1960 6,457 0.7%
1970 6,582 1.9%
1980 6,860 4.2%
1990 6,976 1.7%
2000 7,349 5.3%
2010 7,516 2.3%
Est. 2013 7,277 −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 7,349 people, 2,793 households, and 2,072 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 3,077 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.69% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 0.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.2% were of American, 24.9% German, 12.0% English and 8.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,793 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,672, and the median income for a family was $41,752. Males had a median income of $31,859 versus $21,617 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,549. About 7.90% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.


Union County is served by the Union County–College Corner Joint School District, the only joint state school district in the state.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Union County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Liberty, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  6. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "BENNETT, Thomas Warren, (1831 - 1893)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 

Coordinates: 39°37′N 84°55′W / 39.62°N 84.92°W / 39.62; -84.92