Union Federal Party

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The Union Federal Party (Afrikaans: Verenigde Federale Party) was a white liberal South African party that broke away from the United Party after the 1953 election. It never gained any seats in Parliament, and ceased to exist in 1960.

Background[edit]

The party was led by Senator Heaton Nicholls who was previously the United Party opposition leader in the Senate.[1]:305 It was formed on 10 May 1953.[2]:330 It was founded by members of Torch Commando from Natal.[3][4]:254 The party was also said to have support from leaders of the Commando in other provinces.[4]:254

It was a British diaspora party, committed to retaining links with the British Commonwealth and monarchy.[5]:145 The party was centred in Natal, concerned with ensuring the province's autonomy.[1]:305 Federal provincial autonomy was seen as a way preventing Afrikaner nationalism from dominating the political scene and could include ceding from the Union if that occurred or English language rights in the Union were interfered with.[4]:254 It also wished to explore liberalising the non-white franchise.[5]:145 The liberal franchise policy for non-whites included Indians to be enrolled on a communal voters roll similar to the Coloureds in the Cape Province and the possibility of a voters roll for Black South Africans who were highly educated.[1]:305[4]:254

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Carter, Gwendolen M. (January 1954). "Can Apartheid Succeed in South Africa?". Foreign Affairs. 32 (2): 296–309. JSTOR 20031028. – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  2. ^ Bernstein, Edgar (1954). "Union of South Africa". The American Jewish Year Book. 55: 327–339. JSTOR 23603638. – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  3. ^ Two New Parties For S. Africa; The Times, 11 May 1953; pg8 col G
  4. ^ a b c d Paterson, Bruce (Autumn 1953). "The South African Scene". International Journal. 8 (4): 249–255. JSTOR 40197967. – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  5. ^ a b Carter, Gwendolen M. (March 1955). "Union of South Africa: Politics of White Supremacy". The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 298: 142–150. JSTOR 1028714. – via JSTOR (subscription required)