Union Revolutionary Council

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Union Revolutionary Council
ပြည်ထောင်စု တော်လှန်ရေး ကောင်စီ အဖွဲ့
Agency overview
Formed 2 March 1962 (2 March 1962)
Dissolved 3 March 1974
Type Council
Jurisdiction Burma
Headquarters Rangoon
Agency executive

The Union Revolutionary Council (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စု တော်လှန်ရေး ကောင်စီ အဖွဲ့, abbreviated URC; also known as the Revolutionary Council of Burma, abbreviated RC) was the supreme governing body of Burma (now Myanmar) from 2 March 1962, following the overthrow of U Nu's civilian government, to 3 March 1974, with the promulgation of the 1974 Constitution of Burma and transfer of power to the People's Assembly (Pyithu Hluttaw), the country's new unicameral legislature.[1][2]

The Revolutionary Council's philosophical framework was laid in the Burmese Way to Socialism, which aspired to convert Burma into a self-sustaining socialist democratic state, on 30 April 1962.[2] On 4 July 1962, the URC established the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP), the country's only legal political party which Donald M. Seekins claims was modelled along the lines of a Marxist-Leninist revolutionary party.[3] From 1962 to 1971, BSPP transitioned from a cadre party (consisting of elite RC affiliated member) into a mass party.[3] In the First Congress, the party had 344,226 members.[3] By 1981, BSPP had 1.5 million members.[3]

Leadership[edit]

The Union Revolutionary Council was led by Ne Win, its chairman and 16 senior officers.[4]

The founding members of the First Revolutionary Council, all of whom were military officers, are:[1][5][6][7]

  1. General Ne Win BC-3502 (Chief of General Staff)
  2. Brigadier General Aung Gyi BC-5458 (Vice-Chief of General Staff) (Army)
  3. Commodore Than Pe (died 1962) (Vice-Chief of General Staff) (Navy)
  4. Brigadier General Thomas 'Tommy' Cliff (Vice-Chief of General Staff) (Air Force) (resigned 1964)
  5. Brigadier General Tin Pe (resigned 1970) BC-3508 (Quartermaster General)
  6. Colonel Than Sein BC-3574 (Colonel-General Staff)
  7. Colonel Kyaw Soe (retired 1974) BC-3526 (Military Appointment General)
  8. Colonel Chit Myaing (dismissed 1964) BC-3520 (Vice-Quartermaster General)
  9. Colonel Khin Nyo (dismissed 1965) BC-3537 (Director General of Directorate of Military Training)
  10. Colonel Hla Han (Director General of Directorate of Medical Services)
  11. Brigadier General San Yu BC-3569 (Commander of Northern Military Command)
  12. Brigadier General Sein Win BC-3525 (Commander of Central Military Command)
  13. Colonel Thaung Kyi BC-3523 (Commander of Southeast Military Command)
  14. Colonel Kyi Maung (sacked 1963) BC-3516 (Commander of Southwest Military Command)
  15. Colonel Maung Shwe (resigned 1972) BC-3575 (Commander of Eastern Military Command)
  16. Colonel Saw Myint (sacked 1964) BC-3518 (Administrator of Border Regions)
  17. Colonel Tan Yu Sai (resigned 1968) BC-5090 (Vice-Commissioner of General of People's Police)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Heinz, L.C. (6 March 1962). "An Analysis of the Current Situation in Burma". US Department of State. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Moscotti, Albert D. (1977). Burma's Constitution and Elections of 1974. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 171–172. 
  3. ^ a b c d Seekins, Donald M. (2006). Historical Dictionary of Burma. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810854765. 
  4. ^ "Historical Background". Burma Yearbook 2000. 2000. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  5. ^ ""A Voluntarily abdicated Majesty" or "A Usurper": A Brief Political History of Ne Win" (PDF). Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Mya Maung (1991). The Burma Road to Poverty. Praeger. p. 119. ISBN 9780275936136. 
  7. ^ Nakanishi, Yoshihiro (2013). Strong Soldiers, Failed Revolution : The State and Military in Burma. NUS Press. p. 102. ISBN 9789971697020. Table 4.1