Union Station (New Haven)
New Haven Union Station in September 2018
|Location||50 Union Avenue |
New Haven, Connecticut
New Haven–Springfield Line
|Platforms||4 island platforms|
|Connections|| CT Transit|
|Parking||Union Station parking garage|
|Station code||NHV (Amtrak)|
|Fare zone||21 (Metro-North)|
|Electrified||12,500V (AC) overhead catenary|
|Passengers (FY2018)||688,860 7.2% (Amtrak)|
New Haven Railroad Station
|Location||Union Avenue, New Haven, Connecticut, USA|
|Architectural style||Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Second Renaissance Revival|
|NRHP reference #||75001941|
|Added to NRHP||September 3, 1975|
Union Station, also known as New Haven Railroad Station (IATA: ZVE) or simply New Haven, is the main railroad passenger station in New Haven, Connecticut. Designed by noted American architect Cass Gilbert, the beaux-arts Union Station was completed and opened in 1920 after the previous Union Station (which was located at the foot of Meadow Street, near the site of the current Union Station parking garage) was destroyed by fire. It served the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad until it fell into decline, along with the rest of the railroad industry in North America after World War II. It was shuttered in 1972, leaving only the under-track 'subway' open for passengers, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 3, 1975, but it was almost demolished before the Northeast Corridor Improvement Project in 1979. Reopened after extensive renovations in early 1985, it is now the premier gateway to the city.
The property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as New Haven Railroad Station. Its significance is partly as an example of the work of Cass Gilbert, who also designed the Woolworth Building in New York and the U.S. Supreme Court Building.
The restored building features interior limestone walls, ornate ceilings, chandeliers and striking stainless steel ceilings in the tunnels to the trains. The large waiting room is thirty-five feet high and features models of NYNH&HRR trains on the benches.
Prior to the 2002 opening of State Street station, Union Station was referred to as simply New Haven on Metro-North signage and maps.
Amtrak runs frequent service through Union Station along the electrified Northeast Corridor rail line. Most Amtrak trains are Northeast Regional trains or Acela Express trains operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston.
New Haven–Springfield Shuttle trains to Springfield, Massachusetts connect with some Northeast Regional trains; other Northeast Regionals run through to Springfield from New York or vice versa. These through trains must change locomotives at New Haven, as the track north to Springfield is not electrified, unlike the Northeast Corridor. The locomotive change is from a Siemens ACS-64 for the electrified territory to a General Electric P40DC or P42DC for the non-electrified territory, or vice versa.
Additionally, the Vermonter provides through service from Washington, D.C. beyond Springfield to St. Albans, Vermont. At New Haven, the Vermonter also has a P42DC diesel-electric locomotive added to the train.
Amtrak operates a yard on the west side of the tracks, next to the station building.
Because of United Airlines code sharing on select Amtrak trains between Union Station and its hub at Newark Liberty International Airport in the New York City area, Union Station is assigned the IATA airport code of ZVE.
New Haven Union Station is the busiest Amtrak station in Connecticut. The station is the tenth busiest Amtrak station in the country, boarding or detraining nearly two thousand passengers daily.
Metro-North Railroad operates its New Haven Line from Union Station to Grand Central Terminal in New York City. The service is well patronized by commuters, despite the travel time of nearly two hours. Shore Line East and Metro-North work together on schedules to provide quick transfers of trains for commuters traveling from the Shoreline to Grand Central Terminal or Stamford.
Metro-North operates a large train yard in New Haven on the east side of the tracks, opposite Amtrak's yard. Work is done here, as well as the storing of train cars and locomotives. It is not uncommon to find trains from the Waterbury Branch being stored in New Haven between schedules. The consist usually is made up of one BL20-GH locomotive as well as three Shoreliner passenger cars. Smaller yards are located in Bridgeport and Stamford.
A select number of trains start or end their run two minutes to the east at New Haven State Street.
New Haven is the northern terminal for Metro-North's Train to the Game service, which operates once in each direction for National Football League games at Meadowlands Sports Complex that have a kickoff time of 1 pm on Sundays. The service is operated by Metro-North, using equipment leased from New Jersey Transit, from this station to Penn Station and New Jersey Transit from Penn Station through Secaucus Junction, where a transfer to the Meadowlands Rail Line is available.
Shore Line East
Shore Line East is a commuter rail service owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation and operated by Amtrak designed to serve residents living east of New Haven along the coast of Connecticut who work in New Haven, Stamford, or New York. Shore Line East trains run primarily inbound from Old Saybrook, Connecticut in the morning, and primarily outbound in the evening, with a few runs continuing to New London, Connecticut.
Shore Line East trains are also primarily stored at night within the Metro-North train yard. Shore Line East consists can usually be found idling between platforms at New Haven.
Buses and shuttles
CTtransit's New Haven Division provides bus service to the station on four routes. One is a free shuttle that connects Union Station to downtown and the New Haven Green for connections to the remainder of the CTTransit New Haven routes, only running of weekdays. Route 271 on the Kimberly Avenue route to Savin Rock and Milford also serves the station. Route 272 serves Union Station from downtown New Haven via South Church Street and returns to downtown New Haven. Route 278 is the Commuter Connection only on afternoon times connecting Shore Line East.
Union Station offers a magazine store that sells convenience items, an AVIS car-rental outlet, and several restaurants, including Dunkin' Donuts, Sbarro pizza, and Subway. Parking is available at the station through garages owned by the New Haven Parking Authority.
The Union Station garage currently hosts two Zipcar vehicles along with parking spaces devoted to charging electric vehicles. Adjacent to the garage, the station also provides sheltered parking for over 100 bicycles, along with 10 bicycle storage lockers that are free to use (minus a key deposit) along with a repair station that contains free tools for use by cyclists.
The station's current departure board consists of two LCD displays. They were installed in 2015, replacing a mechanical split-flap display departure board made by Solari di Udine. The new displays allow more space for messages to be displayed and are easier to view and maintain. The replacement was part of a $5 million project which also included upgrading the public announcement system, replacing the tile in the tunnel connecting platforms, and adding departure LED screens on platforms and in the station tunnel. The split-flap display was donated to the Danbury Railway Museum in Danbury, Connecticut, to eventually be put on display.
Platform and track configuration
This station has four high-level island platforms, which are used for service in both directions. The New Haven Line has nine tracks at the station. The northern platform is adjacent to Tracks 1 and 3, and can accommodate 8-car trains. The second platform from the north is adjacent to Tracks 2 and 4 and is 9 cars long. The second platform from the south is adjacent to Tracks 8 and 10 and can fit 7-car trains. The southern platform is adjacent to Tracks 12 and 14 and can accommodate 8-car trains. Track 6, not adjacent to any platform in the center of the station, is used only by through trains or idling Shore Line East consists. There are no tracks 5, 7, 9, 11 and 13.:24
All tracks are connected by the stainless-steel tunnel with elevators and staircases leading onto the platforms, as well as escalators, a staircase, and an elevator leading to the tunnel itself.
- "New Haven, CT (NHV)". Great American Stations. December 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "National Register of Historical Places - CONNECTICUT (CT), New Haven County". nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- Stephen J. Raiche (May 5, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: New Haven Railroad Station / Union Station". National Park Service. and Accompanying three photos, exterior and interior, from 1975
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2011, State of Connecticut" (PDF). Amtrak. December 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Porter, Mikaela; Owens, David (June 17, 2018). "Thousands Take A Free Ride On Hartford Line's Inaugural Run". Hartford Courant. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- "Bus Station Locator". Greyhound. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- megabus.com. "Bus Stops". megabus. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- "Customer Support | Peter Pan". support.peterpanbus.com. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- "CT Limo, Connecticut Limousine Stretch Limo, Buses, Party Buses and Airport Shuttle". goctlimo.com. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- Thomas MacMillan. "Bike Repair Station Arrives At Union Station". New Haven Independent.
- "Metro-North Railroad Track & Structures Department Track Charts Maintenance Program Interlocking Diagrams & Yard Diagrams 2015" (PDF). Metro-North Railroad. 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
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