Union Street station (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)

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 Union Street
 "R" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Union Street - Northbound Platform.jpg
Manhattan bound platform
Station statistics
AddressUnion Street & Fourth Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11217
BoroughBrooklyn
LocalePark Slope
Coordinates40°40′41″N 73°59′02″W / 40.678108°N 73.98391°W / 40.678108; -73.98391Coordinates: 40°40′41″N 73°59′02″W / 40.678108°N 73.98391°W / 40.678108; -73.98391
DivisionB (BMT)
LineBMT Fourth Avenue Line
Services      D late nights (late nights)
      N late nights (late nights)
      R all times (all times)
      W limited rush hour service only (limited rush hour service only)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B37 (on Third Avenue); B63 (on Fifth Avenue)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedJune 22, 1915; 104 years ago (June 22, 1915)[1]
Station code028[2]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Traffic
Passengers (2018)2,090,848[3]Increase 8%
Rank226 out of 424
Station succession
Next northAtlantic Avenue–Barclays Center: D late nightsN late nightsR all timesW limited rush hour service only
Next southNinth Street: D late nightsN late nightsR all timesW limited rush hour service only

Union Street is a local station on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. It is located at the corner of Fourth Avenue and Union Street in Brooklyn, New York City, serving the communities of Park Slope, Gowanus and Carroll Gardens. It is served by the R train at all times. The D and N trains also stop here during late nights, and a few rush-hour W trains stop here in the peak direction.

History[edit]

Union Street opened on June 22, 1915 as part of the initial portion of the BMT Fourth Avenue Line to 59th Street.[4]

Station renovations[edit]

The colored tilework forms part of the station art installation

The station was renovated twice. The first time was in the late 1970s. The original trim lines were replaced with white cinderblock tiles, except for small recesses in the walls, which contain gray-painted cinderblock tiles. The staircases were repaired and new platform edges were installed. The gray cinderblock field contains the station-name signs and white text pointing to the exits.[5] The renovation also replaced incandescent lighting with fluorescent lighting.

The station was renovated again from 1991 to 1994. The $2,397,000 contract for the project was awarded on February 28, 1991. During the closure of the southbound platform, the glazed tiles at the station were heavily defaced with graffiti, and were cleaned prior to the station's reopening with a heavy duty cleaner, which damaged the glazing. A modification to the contract was approved on May 23, 1994. As part of the modification, new graffiti resistant ceramic tile was installed, signage, advertising panels, benches and trash bins were removed and reinstalled, exhaust systems were added in the porter rooms at both platforms, and the wall-mounted conductors board was replaced by a ceiling-mounted one. The modification cost $174,000, and change orders cost $111,004.[6]:C-99, C-100 The Brooklyn-bound platform was closed between July 15 and November 15, 1991,[7] while the Manhattan-bound platform was closed between February 19 and June 20, 1992.[8][9]

In addition to upgrading the same elements that were replaced in the previous overhaul, tiling on floors and track walls, the public announcement system, and safety treads along platform edges and track-beds were replaced. It also included an art installation by Emmett Wigglesworth called CommUnion. It features twenty-two panels of various designs in the recessed area of the platform tiles above the station signs and other designs on the openings in the track walls.[10][11]

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
to 9 St
G Street level Exit/entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound local "R" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Whitehall Street late nights) (Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center)
"D" train toward Norwood–205th Street late nights (Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center)
"N" train late nights, "W" train rush hours toward Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard (Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center)
Northbound express "D" train "N" train do not stop here
Southbound express "D" train "N" train do not stop here →
Southbound local "R" train toward Bay Ridge–95th Street (Ninth Street)
"D" train via West End, "N" train via Sea Beach toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue late nights (Ninth Street)
"W" train toward 86th Street rush hours (Ninth Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Entrance

This underground station has four tracks and two side platforms. The center express tracks are used by the D and N during daytime hours.[12] A white tiled curtain wall separates them from the local tracks.[13]

Both platforms are columnless except for a section at their extreme north ends, where they were extended to 615 feet (187 m) in the 1960s to accommodate the standard length of a B Division train. Here, the columns are cream colored I-beams. The ceiling is lower in this section.[14]

Exits[edit]

Each platform has one same-level fare control area in the center and there are no crossovers or crossunders to allow free transfer between directions.[15] The Manhattan-bound side has a fare control area, a turnstile bank, token booth, and two street stairs. The stairs on the Manhattan-bound platform go up to the southeast corner of Union Street and Fourth Avenue while those on the Bay Ridge-bound platform goes up to the southwest corner. The Bay Ridge-bound side has a fare control area, a turnstile bank without a token booth, and two street stairs.[16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Through Tube to Coney, 48 Minutes: First Train on Fourth Avenue Route Beats West End Line Eleven Minutes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 22, 1915. Retrieved June 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  4. ^ "Through Tube to Coney, 48 Minutes: First Train on Fourth Avenue Route Beats West End Line Eleven Minutes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 22, 1915. Retrieved June 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (December 22, 2008). "A close up of a Union Street station sign on the platform wall, with the 1960s arrow pointing for the exit beneath it". subwaynut.com. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  6. ^ NYC Transit Committee Agenda May 1994. New York City Transit. May 16, 1994.
  7. ^ "Attention Brooklyn-Bound N R Subway Riders: Union Street Station Is Closing July 15th to November 15th". New York Daily News. July 12, 1991. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  8. ^ "Attention N, R Customers: Beginning June 20, 1992: Union Street Station Manhattan-bound platform reopens". New York Daily News. June 19, 1992. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  9. ^ "Attention N & R Subway Customers: Union St Manhattan-bound platform is closing February 19th to June 19th". New York Daily News. February 18, 1992. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  10. ^ Whitehorne, Wayne (January 15, 2000). "Showing Image 1167". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  11. ^ "Arts for Transit: CommUnion". MTA Arts for Transit. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
  12. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (December 22, 2008). "Looking down the simple Manhattan-bound platform at Union Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  14. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (December 22, 2008). "The ceiling gets extremely low right at the northern end of the station at Union Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  15. ^ Tobar, Roberto C. (May 20, 2011). "Bay Ridge-bound fare control". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  16. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 9, 2013). "Going down to the now unstaffed Bay Ridge-bound fare control area". subwaynut.com. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  17. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Park Slope" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.

External links[edit]