Union for Renewal and Democracy

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The Union for Renewal and Democracy (French: Union pour le Rénouveau et la démocratie) is a political party in Chad. Its current president is Sande Ngaryimbé,[1] its first being Wadel Abdelkader Kamougué.[2]

The party, which was founded by Kamougué, was founded in March 1992 and legalized in May 1992.[3] In the 1996 presidential election, Kamougué, as the URD candidate, took second place in the first round on June 2 with 12.39% of the vote; in the second round, held on July 3, he was defeated by incumbent President Idriss Déby, taking 30.91% of the vote compared to Déby's 69.09%.[4]

In the presidential election of 20 May 2001, Kamougué won 6.0% of the vote, and in the parliamentary election held on 21 April 2002, the URD won according to IPU Parline 3 out of 155 seats.

As of 2008, the URD is a member of the Coordination of Political Parties for the Defence of the Constitution (CPDC) opposition coalition.[2]

After Kamougué died in 2011 while campaigning, Ngaryimbé took over as the leader of the URD.


  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2118.html
  2. ^ a b "Tchad: un des principaux opposants Wadal Abdelkader Kamougué rentre à N'Djamena" Archived May 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), March 22, 2008 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  3. ^ Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 119.
  4. ^ "Rapport de la Mission d’Observation du 2è tour d’élection Présidentielle du 3 juillet 1996", democratie.francophonie.org ‹See Tfd›(in French).