Union of Arms
The Union of Arms (in Spanish Unión de Armas) was a political proposal, put forward by Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares for greater military co-operation between the constituent parts of the composite monarchy ruled by Philip IV of Spain.
The plan was for each of the kingdoms ruled by Philip to contribute equitably to a fund from which 140,000 troops would be maintained for the defense of the monarchy. The plan was "a thinly disguised attempt to integrate the fiscal institutions of the empire [that] prompted much opposition in the Indies."
The division of contributions envisaged was:
- Crown of Castile, 44,000 troops
- Spanish Netherlands, 12,000 troops
- Kingdom of Aragon, 10,000 troops
- Kingdom of Valencia, 6,000 troops
- Principality of Catalonia, 16,000 troops
- Kingdom of Portugal, 16,000 troops
- Kingdom of Naples, 16,000 troops
- Kingdom of Sicily, 6,000 troops
- Duchy of Milan, 8,000 troops
- Mediterranean and Atlantic islands, 6,000 troops
- Andrien, Kenneth J. Crisis and Decline: The Viceroyalty of Peru in the Seventeenth Century. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press 1985.
- Elliott, J.H., The Count-Duke Olivares: The Statesman in an Age of Decline. New Haven: Yale University Press 1966.
- Israel, Jonathan I. Race, Class, and Politics in Colonial Mexico, 1610-1670. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1975.
- J.H. Elliott, The Count-Duke Olivares: The Statesman in an Age of Decline. New Haven: Yale University Press 1966, pp. 244-77.
- I. A. A. Thompson, "Castile, Spain and the Monarchy", in Spain, Europe and the Atlantic (Festschrift for J. H. Elliott), edited by Richard L. Kagan and Geoffrey Parker (Cambridge University Press, 1995), pp. 147-148.
- Colin Pendrill, Spain, 1474–1700 (Oxford, 2002), p. 137.
- Kenneth J. Andrien, "Unión de Armas," in Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, vol. 5. p. 293. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1996.
- Fred Bronner, "La Unión de Armas en el Perú: Aspectos políticos-legales," in Anuario de Estudios Americanos 24 (1967)pp. 1133-1176.
- Jonathan I. Israel, Race, Class, and Politics in Colonial Mexico, 1610-1670. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1975, pp. 178-80.
- Propositie gedaen aen de Staten van Braband door Don Diego van Mexia (n.p.d.). Available on Google Books.
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