Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians
|Full name||Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians|
|Date dissolved||1 January 2017|
|Affiliation||TUC, ICTU, STUC, BWI, CSEU, Labour|
|Key people||Brian Rye, acting general secretary|
|Office location||177 Abbeville Road, Clapham Common, London|
Republic of Ireland
The Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians (UCATT) was a British and Irish trade union, operating in the construction industry. It was founded in 1971, and merged into Unite on 1 January 2017.
UCATT was formed in 1971 following the merger of the Amalgamated Union of Building Trade Workers (AUBTW), the Association of Building Technicians and the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers and Decorators, which had itself been founded the previous year from a merger of the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers (ASW) and the Amalgamated Society of Painters and Decorators (ASPD)
The merged union was initially known as the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers, Painters and Builders, but changed its name later in the year. Its first general secretary was Sir George Smith, formerly General Secretary of the ASW, who was directly elected by the membership. Its Executive at the time incorporated paid officials who had been selected by an electoral process within the industry.
National strike of 1972
In 1972, shortly after its formation, UCATT along with the GMWU and TGWU, two sister unions involved in construction and civil engineering, was involved in a major national joint industrial dispute. For the first time in the building industry, workers all over the country went on strike, demanding a minimum wage of £30 a week and abolition of the 'Lump Labour Scheme', which institutionalised casual cash-paid daily labour without employment rights. The 12-week stoppage affected many major sites, effectively forcing employers to negotiate. The Building Workers’ Charter was actively involved in organising the strike.
The 'Shrewsbury Two'
Unionised workers used flying pickets to seek support from workers on the lump. On 6 September 1972, UCATT and TGWU bussed members from North Wales and Chester to picket building sites in Shrewsbury. Despite confrontations with site management, the police made no arrests on the day.
|Whose Conspiracy? Justice for the Shrewsbury pickets (2009). A 35-minute film re-examining the political events surrounding the arrest and imprisonment of the Shrewsbury building workers, containing material from the original campaign to free Des Warren and Ricky Tomlinson.|
Five months after the strike, at a time when some of the strikers' aims had been largely settled, several building workers were investigated for alleged sabotage and vandalism during the dispute. Some were subject to high-profile police investigation, under pressure from major contractors and politicians anxious to suppress the emergence of organised labour in the building industry, and 24 building workers were convicted and six jailed as a result of their picketing activities. The longest sentences were given to Ricky Tomlinson, a plasterer and TGWU strike leader, and Des Warren, a steel fixer and leading lay official of UCATT, who became known as the "Shrewsbury Two".
At Shrewsbury Crown Court, they refused to testify against fellow strikers. Charges of affray were dropped, but they were found guilty of "conspiracy to intimidate" under the Conspiracy Act 1875, which had not been used for 98 years. Warren was sentenced to three years in prison, and Tomlinson to two.
The whole UK trade union movement saw common cause with the Shrewsbury strikers, with the trial and prosecution widely regarded as a miscarriage of justice, based more upon industrial and political revenge from the Heath Government than sound principle.
Des Warren subsequently developed serious health problems, which his supporters attribute to overdoses of medication administered whilst in solitary confinement. Tomlinson, who went on to become a successful actor, took the case to the TUC Annual Congress with others in 1975, with little result. In 2004, Des Warren died without the pardon that various activists and trade unionists had campaigned for.
In 2012 Tomlinson and others sought to have the convictions overturned by the Criminal Cases Review Commission. In 2013 a paper petition was launched, alongside the existing e-petition, for an Early Day Motion by MP John McDonnell to be brought.
1980s-90s: recession and recovery
During the late 1980s and early 1990s, UCATT suffered a long debilitating decline, with successive attacks from a hostile Conservative government. The union faced mounting financial deficits from falling membership rolls, having been reliant upon cash contributions from members collected on site in the age of increasing technology. This decline also coincided with strong rumours of a merger with other unions, notably the TGWU, and gains being made by GMB. During this period, a strong Joint Sites Committee movement of rank and file UCATT, TGWU, GMB and AEEUW members characterised the construction unions' work on sites in major cities, many of whom had remained crowded, unsafe, and casualised places in need of true reform.
In 1990, Albert Williams convinced the union to for the first time unionise self-employed labourers (the "lump"), but his unpopular proposal to merge the union into the Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union led to his suspension by the union's executive, and he retired in 1992. UCATT, however, began a revival under the leadership of George Brumwell, its new general secretary. He led a turnaround in the union's fortunes by 2001, following cost-containing measures including strategic redundancies and closure of several local offices. This programme all but eliminated the deficits, and built a smaller, but more readily sustainable UCATT.
The union ran a 'Safety Culture' campaign across the industry, promoting construction and regeneration, which became part of the strategy of the New Labour government following its election victory in 1997.
In 2006, UCATT, T&G and GMB, the successors to the joint unions of 1972 ran a seven-day strike on the construction of Heathrow Terminal 5 in pursuit of £1.00 on bonus, and back pay. The employer was Laing O'Rourke the successor to John Laing Ltd, one of the big employers of 1972. After the dispute was resolved the strikers received 80% of their original aims and substantial back pay.
UCATT represented the views of site workers on the government/industry body, the Strategic Forum for Construction, from 2001 to 2015.
Membership continued to dwindle; in December 2012, it had 84,377 workers in construction and allied trades.
In May 2016, UCATT's conference voted to seek a merger with Unite the Union, though this would only proceed if approved by a vote of all members. The decision followed a decline in UK membership (from almost 112,000 in 1999 to 54,644 at the end of 2014, plus a further 6,585 in the Republic of Ireland), and mounting financial troubles (it incurred a net deficit of over £3.5 million in 2014 and at year-end had net current liabilities of more than £1 million, leading to “significant doubt about the union’s ability to continue as a going concern”). The merger, approved by 85.5% of members in November 2016 and taking effect from 1 January 2017, spelt the end of a separate or independent construction union but was expected to force employers to negotiate with a larger and more powerful union. UCATT's members in the Republic of Ireland voted to instead transfer to the Technical Engineering and Electrical Union.
Structure and general secretaries
Following a rule-change in 1995, UCATT has a lay Executive Council to which an elected general secretary reports. Following Brumwell, Alan Ritchie, formerly the Scottish regional secretary, was elected, but was forced to stand down in March 2011 over voting irregularities, with George Guy appointed acting general secretary until the election was re-run in October 2011. Steven Murphy was subsequently elected and took office in 2012.
- 1971: George Smith
- 1978: Les Wood
- 1985: Albert Williams
- 1992: George Brumwell
- 2004: Alan Ritchie
- 2012: George Guy (acting)
- 2012: Steve Murphy
- 2015: Brian Rye (acting)
- "TULO's member unions". Unions Together. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- McGuire, C., Clarke, L. and Wall, C. (2013) 'Battle on the Barbican: The Struggle for Trade Unionism in the British Building Industry, 1965–7', History Workshop Journal, No. 73
- Rampton, James (9 January 2013). "Ricky Tomlinson's Great Night Out". The Independent. London. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Tomlinson, Ricky (22 January 2013). "Why can't we know the truth about a strike that happened 40 years ago?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- Baker, Marc (30 April 2004). "'Shrewsbury Two' Denis' death renews pardon call". icCheshireOnline. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Campbell, Duncan (3 April 2012). "Union pickets seek to quash 40-year-old convictions". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Hill, Joe (5 August 2006). "Des Warren Remembered in Liverpool". indymedia.org.uk. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "The Official Shrewsbury 24 Campaign". shrewsbury24campaign.org.uk. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- Jim Jump, "Albert Williams: Quick-witted trade union leader", The Independent, 12 December 2007
- "Return of members" (PDF). Certification Officer. December 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "UCATT Conference Votes for merger or transfer to Unite the Union", UCATT, 18 May 2016
- "Ucatt to merge with Unite". The Construction Index. 19 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- "Ucatt merger with Unite confirmed". Construction Enquirer. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- Morby, Aaron (2 November 2016). "Construction unions agree merger and target 'bad bosses'". Construction Enquirer. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
- Prior, Grant (18 May 2016). "End of UCATT as an independent construction union". Construction Enquirer. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- "UCATT Republic of Ireland members opt for transfer". Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians. 27 June 2016. Retrieved 27 June 2016.