Union of Democrats and Independents

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Union of Democrats and Independents
Union des démocrates et indépendants
President Jean-Christophe Lagarde
General Secretary Brigitte Fouré,
Michel Zumkeller
Spokespersons Chantal Jouanno,
Jean-Marie Bockel
Honorary President Jean-Louis Borloo
Founded 18 September 2012 (2012-09-18)
Headquarters 22 bis, rue des Volontaires, Paris
LGBT wing GayLib
Ideology Liberalism
Christian democracy
European federalism
Political position Centre to centre-right[1]
European affiliation Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
International affiliation None
European Parliament group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours Light blue and violet
National Assembly
18 / 577
Senate
42 / 348
European Parliament
3 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils
1 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils
14 / 101
Website
www.parti-udi.fr

The Union of Democrats and Independents (French: Union des démocrates et indépendants, UDI) is a centre-right political party in France founded on 18 September 2012 on the basis of the parliamentary group of the same name. The party is composed of four separate political parties who retain their independence. The former UDI's president and leader Jean-Louis Borloo claims to have 50,000 members.[2] The president is Jean-Christophe Lagarde, who was elected at the congress of the party on 15 November 2014, after the resignation of Jean-Louis Borloo on 6 April 2014 for health reasons.[3]

History[edit]

On 9 October 2012, the leaderships of the parties making up the UDI parliamentary group announced the creation of a new political party and set up a temporary office in Paris. On 21 October, a founding assembly was convened at the Maison de la Mutualité in Paris, which marked the official foundation of the movement.[4]

Following the congress of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) on 18 November 2012 and the ensuing tensions between the two rival candidates for the party's presidency, a number of leading figures of the UMP announced that they were joining the UDI, including former cabinet minister and deputy Pierre Méhaignerie and Mayenne deputy Yannick Favennec. However, during a legislative by-election on 9 and 16 December 2012 in the Val-de-Marne's 1st constituency, UDI incumbent Henri Plagnol - a former member of the UMP who had joined the UDI in June - was defeated by a right-wing dissident, Sylvain Berrios.[5]

On 9 June 2013, the UDI gained a deputy (Meyer Habib) at the by-election in the Eighth constituency for French residents overseas,[6] but this contribution was cancelled out by Gilles Bourdouleix's resignation from UDI after the controversy for allegedly saying Adolf Hitler had not killed enough Romani people.[7]

The UDI became a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party on 2 December 2016.[8]

Although the UDI leadership supported François Fillon in the 2017 French presidential election, several members of the party were supporting En Marche! candidate Emmanuel Macron.[9]

Organization[edit]

Composition[edit]

Party Leader National Assembly Senate European Parliament
Radical Party PR Laurent Hénart
3 / 577
11 / 348
2 / 74
The Centrists LC Hervé Morin
5 / 577
9 / 348
0 / 74
Democratic European Force FED Jean-Christophe Lagarde
2 / 577
4 / 348
0 / 74
Modern Left LGM Jean-Marie Bockel
0 / 577
1 / 348
0 / 74
Others UDI Jean-Christophe Lagarde
8 / 577
20 / 348
1 / 74

The National Centre of Independents and Peasants was expelled after its leader and only deputy Gilles Bourdouleix's resigned for allegedly saying Adolf Hitler had not killed enough Romani people.[10] The Centrist Alliance was excluded on 25 March 2017 as a result of its support for Emmanuel Macron; Territories in Movement left after the results of the 2015 regional elections; and the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD) was excluded from the UDI in December 2013.

Leadership[edit]

Temporary structure[edit]

Pending the founding congress, a temporary leadership structure ensures the drafting of the party's statutes.[11][12]

Current leadership[edit]

Election results[edit]

Legislative elections[edit]

Election year 1st round 2nd round Seats +/− Rank
(seats)
Government
Votes % Votes %
2017 687,225 3.03 551,784 3.04
18 / 577
Decrease 10 5th Opposition

European elections[edit]

The 2014 elections involved an alliance with the forces of the Democratic Movement (MoDem); this joint list, The Alternative (L'Alternative), saw 3 UDI MEPs out of 7 elected from the list. The change in seats shown is since the 2009 election for the MoDem list.

Election year Votes % Rank Seats +/− Group
2014 1,884,565 9.94 4th
7 / 74
Increase 1 ALDE

References[edit]

External links[edit]