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Raphael's La Belle Jardinière, showing the use of unione

Unione (/uˈnjone/) is one of the four canonical painting modes of the Renaissance,[1] along with sfumato, chiaroscuro, and cangiante.[2] Unione is similar to sfumato, but maintains vibrant colors.

Unione was developed by Raphael as a response to Leonardo da Vinci's sfumato.[3]


  1. ^ "Four Canonical Painting Modes by APA". . Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  2. ^ Hall, Marcia B. (1994). Color and Meaning: Practice and Theory in Renaissance Painting. New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-45733-0. 
  3. ^ Renaissance for Real. Retrieved June 18, 2015.