Uniontown was originally known as Paitzdorf, and was named after the same village in Greiz county in Thuringia, Germany, from where many of the settlers originated. However, Paitzdorf became known as Uniontown during the Civil War era, as it served as an encampment for Union soldiers. The Union soldiers could not pronounce the name of the town, and therefore referred to it as Uniontown.
Originally known as Paitzdorf, Uniontown is one of seven towns and villages in the area founded by the Rev. C. F. Gruber Auswanderung (Emigration) Group of Saxon-German immigrants in 1839. Paitzdorf and the others -- Altenburg, Dresden, Frohna, Johannisberg, Seelitz, and Wittenberg—were all named by settlers after towns in the Saxony region of their native country.
- State Historical Society of Missouri http://shs.umsystem.edu/outreach/mohrab/docs/volunteers/lhs-docent_guide.pdf
- McMillen, Margot Ford (1994). Paris, Tightwad and Peculiar: Missouri Place Names. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press. pp. 55–56. ISBN 0-8262-0972-6.
- A SHORT HISTORY AND SOME STATISTICS OF GRACE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CONGREGATION AT UNIONTOWN, PERRY CO., MO. http://www.lutheransonline.com/servlet/lo_ProcServ/dbpage=page&GID=20073437268641384901111555&PG=20083394741486876101111555