Uniqueness theorem

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In mathematics, a uniqueness theorem is a theorem asserting the uniqueness of an object satisfying certain conditions, or the equivalence of all objects satisfying the said conditions.[1][2] Examples of uniqueness theorems include:

A theorem, also called a unicity theorem, stating the uniqueness of a mathematical object, which usually means that there is only one object fulfilling given properties, or that all objects of a given class are equivalent (i.e., they can be represented by the same model). This is often expressed by saying that the object is uniquely determined by a certain set of data. The word unique is sometimes replaced by essentially unique, whenever one wants to stress that the uniqueness is only referred to the underlying structure, whereas the form may vary in all ways that do not affect the mathematical content.[2]

A uniqueness theorem (or its proof) is, at least within the mathematics of differential equations, often combined with an existence theorem (or its proof) to a combined existence and uniqueness theorem (e.g., existence and uniqueness of solution to first-order differential equations with boundary condition[4]).

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Definitive Glossary of Higher Mathematical Jargon — Theorem". Math Vault. 2019-08-01. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  2. ^ a b Weisstein, Eric W. "Uniqueness Theorem". mathworld.wolfram.com. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  3. ^ "The uniqueness theorem". farside.ph.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  4. ^ "Existence and Uniqueness". www.sosmath.com. Retrieved 2019-11-29.