United Arab List (1977)

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United Arab List
רשימה ערבית מאוחדת
Leader Hamad Abu Rabia
Founded March 1977
Split from Progress and Development
Arab List for Bedouin and Villagers
Most MKs 3 (1973)
Fewest MKs 1 (1977)
Election symbol
ימ

The United Arab List (Hebrew: רשימה ערבית מאוחדת‎, Reshima Aravit Meuhedet) was an Arab satellite list in Israel during the late 1970s and early 1980s. It is not connected to the modern day United Arab List.

Background[edit]

The UAL was established on 8 March 1977, during the eighth Knesset by the merger of the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers and Progress and Development.[1] Both were Israeli Arab parties associated with the Labor Party, and had merged into it the Labor-dominated Alignment alliance shortly after the 1973 elections, only to break away again.[1] The new party had three seats in the Knesset, held by Hamad Abu Rabia, Jabr Moade and veteran Israeli Arab politician, Seif-El-Din El-Zubi.[2]

In the 1977 elections the party won just one seat.[3] The three former MKs agreed to take it on a rotation basis. El-Zubi held the seat first, staying in the Knesset until 3 April 1979, and was then replaced by Abu Rabia. However, it was claimed that Abu Rabia was refusing to give up the seat in favour of Moade, an allegation that resulted in Abu Rabia being assassinated on 12 January 1981 by Moade's sons. Despite his family's role in Abu Rabia's death, Moade took the seat for the remainder of the Knesset session.

The Labor Party withdrew its support for the UAL prior to the 1981 elections,[4] in which the Alignment tripled its vote share among Israeli Arabs.[5] The UAL failed to cross the electoral threshold[4] and subsequently disappeared.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mergers and Splits Among Parliamentary Groups Knesset
  2. ^ United Arab List (1) Knesset
  3. ^ 1977 elections Israel Democracy Institute
  4. ^ a b As'ad Ghanem (2012). The Palestinian-Arab Minority in Israel, 1948–2000: A Political Study. SUNY Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0791449974. 
  5. ^ Bernard Reich; David H. Goldberg (2008). Historical Dictionary of Israel. Historical Dictionaries of Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East. Scarecrow Press. p. 456. ISBN 978-0810855410. 

External links[edit]