United Arab States

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United Arab States
الدول العربية المتحدة
ad-Duwal al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
1958–1961
Capital Not specified

Cairo (de facto)

Languages Arabic
Religion Islam
Political structure Confederation
Historical era Cold War
 •  Established 8 March 1958
 •  Disestablished 26 December 1961
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Egypt
Syria
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen
Egypt
Syria
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen

The United Arab States (UAS) was a short-lived confederation of the United Arab Republic (Egypt and Syria) and North Yemen from 1958 to 1961.

The United Arab Republic was a sovereign state formed by the union of Egypt and Syria in 1958. The same year, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (North Yemen), which had already signed a defense pact with Egypt, joined with the new state in 1958 in a loose confederation called the United Arab States. One reason for this decision was the fact that, for a long time, Yemen had felt threatened by its considerably larger and more powerful northern neighbour, Saudi Arabia (the two had fought a war in 1934, and still shared a partially undemarcated border), and thus saw the confederation as a source of security.[1] However, unlike the member countries of the United Arab Republic, Yemen remained an independent sovereign state. It maintained its UN membership and separate embassies throughout the whole period of confederation.

Neither the union nor the confederation fulfilled their role as vehicles of pan-Arabism or Arab nationalism, as they were dissolved in 1961.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ghanem, Isam (1981). Yemen: Political History, Social Structure and Legal System. Arthur Probsthain. p. 8. ISBN 978-0853820185.