United Bank of India
|Founder||Narendra Chandra Dutta|
|Ashok Kumar Pradhan |
(MD & CEO)
|Products||Finance and Insurance|
|Revenue||₹10,945.00 crore (US$1.6 billion) (2019)|
|₹1,412.00 crore (US$200 million) (2019)|
|₹-2,316.00 crore (US$−340 million) (2019)|
|Total assets||₹151,530.00 crore (US$22 billion) (2019)|
|Owner||Government of India|
Number of employees
|Capital ratio||10.08% (2016)|
United Bank of India (UBI) is an Indian government-owned bank headquartered in Kolkata, India. Presently the bank has a three-tier organisational setup consisting of its head office in Kolkata, 36 regional offices and 2054 branches spread all over India. However, its major presence is in Eastern India. The bank has three full-fledged overseas branches, one each at Kolkata, New Delhi and Mumbai. United Bank of India now aims to expand its international activities.
On 30 March 2009, the Indian government approved the restructuring of United Bank of India. The government proposed to invest 2.5 billion rupees in shares by 31 March and another 5.50 billion in the next fiscal year in Tier-I capital instruments. The move is part of the Indian government's program to improve the capital base of the state-owned banks. UBI gets SEBI approval for Rs 1,000 crore equity issue via QIP On 22 November 2017, United Bank of India (UBI) said it has received SEBI’s approval for issue of equity shares worth Rs 1,000 crore by way of institutional placement.
On August 30, 2019, the Government of India announced the bank would be merged into Punjab National Bank of India. The merger is most likely come into effect at the beginning of the next fiscal year starting on April 2020.
UBI was the result of the merger in 1950 of four Bengali banks: Comilla Banking Corporation (founded by Narendra Chandra Dutta in 1914 in what is now Bangladesh), Bengal Central Bank (founded by Sri J.C. Das in 1918), Comilla Union Bank (founded by Shri Indu Bhusan Dutta (IAS), in 1922) and Hooghly Bank (founded by Sri D.N. Mukherjeee 1932). All four had suffered runs in December 1983 after the failure of the Nath Bank. The Reserve Bank of India assisted the banks in amalgamating to form United Bank of India.
In 1961, UBI merged with Cuttack Bank (est. 6 June 1913) and Tezpur Industrial Bank (est. 6 June 1918, as the first commercial bank in Assam province). Four years later, in 1965, the Government of Pakistan took over the bank's branches in Pakistan.
On 19 July 1969, the Government of India nationalised UBI, along with 13 other major Indian commercial banks. At the time of nationalisation UBI had only 174 branches. In 1973, UBI acquired Hindustan Mercantile Bank (est. 1944). In 1976, UBI acquired Narang Bank of India, which had been established in 1943 in Narang, Gujarat.
On 30 August 2019, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that United Bank and Oriental Bank of Commerce would be merged with Punjab National Bank. The proposed merger would make Punjab National Bank the second largest public sector bank in the country with assets of ₹17.95 lakh crore (US$260 billion) and 11,437 branches. MD and CEO of UBI, Ashok Kumar Pradhan, stated that the merged entity would begin functioning from 1 April 2020 and would operate under a new name.
Awards/ certifications received by the Bank
|Year||Award and Recognition|
|2006||National Award for the second best performance in financing small scale units by Ministry of Small Scale Industries, Government of India|
|2007||Golden Jubilee Award for the best bank in north east zone for excellence in the field of khadi and village industries from the Ministry of MSME, Government of India|
|2008||National Award for the best bank for excellence in field of Khadi and village industries for east and north east zones from the Ministry of MSME, Government of India|
|2009||National Award under Prime Minister Employment Guarantee Programme in north east zone from the Ministry of MSME, Government of India|
Controversy over Non-performing Assets (NPAs)
In February 2014, an RBI-appointed forensic audit by Deloitte found serious lapses in the Non-performing asset detection system of the bank. It is yet to be established whether this oversight on the part of the bank was deliberate or unintentional.
The bank has reported a loss of Rs. 1,238 crore during Q3 of the 2013-14 fiscal year, resulting in a downgrade of its tier-II bonds by ICRA, an associate of Moody's Investor Service. United Bank of India's reported NPA of 10.82% is the highest in percentage among listed banks in India.
Delivery channel based products
- ATM with cash recycler at many branches
- Varieties of debit card like platinum and moments card
- Internet banking
- Mobile banking
- Prepaid card
- SMS banking
- United E passbook application
- United wallet for utilities payment
- United credit card
- United UPI Bhim application
- "Untitled Page". www.bseindia.com.
- "UBI Annual Report 2014-2015" (PDF).
- "United Bank of India Gets Indian Government Boots". Archived from the original on 8 April 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/government-unveils-mega-bank-mergers-to-revive-growth-from-5-year-low/articleshow/70911359.cms. Retrieved 30 August 2019. Missing or empty
- Writer, Staff (30 August 2019). "10 public sector banks to be merged into four". Mint. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
- "Merged entity of UBI, PNB, OBC to become operational from April 1, 2020". Business Today. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
- "Merged entity of UBI, PNB, OBC to become operational from 1 April next year". Mint. 14 September 2019. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
- Gill, Simran. "Is bad loan menace at United Bank of India a cover-up after serious lapses?". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "NPA worries lead to UBI bond rating downgraded". Deccan herald. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "UBI reports Rs 1,238-cr loss". Business Standard. Retrieved 14 February 2014.