United Brethren (England)
- To be distinguished from the United Brethren in England
The United Brethren were a group of former Primitive Methodists in Worcestershire, Gloucestershire and Herefordshire, England, that converted en masse to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in 1840.
In the mid-1830s, a group of approximately 600 Primitive Methodists led by Thomas Kington left the Primitive Methodism movement and established an independent religious organization they called the United Brethren. The church was divided into many small congregations scattered among the Three Counties, with 50 designated preachers for the group. In 1836, the United Brethren built a chapel in Gadfield Elm, near Ledbury.
In March 1840, Latter Day Saint missionary and apostle Wilford Woodruff was brought to Hill Farm, Fromes Hill by William Benbow, a recent English convert to Mormonism. Benbow introduced Woodruff to his brother John Benbow, who was a member of the United Brethren. Woodruff received permission to preach to United Brethren congregations, and in the first 30 days he had baptized 45 preachers and 160 members of the United Brethren into the Latter Day Saint church. By December 1840, 300 members of the church had been converted to Mormonism, and ultimately all the members of the United Brethren except one became Latter Day Saints. Woodruff and other Latter Day Saint missionaries also had success among the non-United Brethren in the area, baptizing a total of 1800 people by January 1841.
- Recorded as "Thomas Kington" by Wilford Woodruff. The name on the gravestone is also listed as "Thomas Kington". A notebook maintained by Thomas Kington's wife and daughter also lists the family name as Kington. An article written by a former United Brethren member Job Smith gives the name as Kington. The Bodenham Parish christening records for the Church of England give the name as Kington. Later historians have sometimes misspelled the name as Knighton or Kingston.
- "Do you know where the oldest Mormon chapel in the world is?: Gadfield Elm chapel is in our two counties", BBC News, 2007-03-23.
- James B. Allen, Ronald K. Esplin, and David J. Whittaker. Men with a Mission: The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in the British Isles, 1837–1841. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, 1992)
- James B. Allen and Malcom R. Thorp, "The Mission of the Twelve To England, 1840–41: Mormon Apostles and the Working Classes", BYU Studies, vol. 15, no. 4 pp. 1–23 (Summer 1975)
- Richard L. Evans, "Wilford Woodruff and the United Brethren" in A Century of "Mormonism" in Great Britain (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, 1937), reprinted 2007 by Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 1-4325-1702-3
- Tim B. Heaton, Stan L. Albrecht, and J. Randal Johnson, "The Making of British Saints in Historical Perspective", BYU Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 119–135 (Spring 1997)
- Wilford Woodruff, "Elder Woodruff's Letter"[permanent dead link], Times and Seasons (Nauvoo, Illinois), vol. 2, no. 9, 1841-03-01, pp. 327–334
- —— (Matthias Cowley ed.). Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: History of his life and labors as recorded in his daily journals (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret News, 1909)