United Campaign Against Plastic Bullets
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Following the death of John Downes, killed by a plastic bullet fired by members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary in August 1984, the campaign was founded by Clara Reilly and Emma Groves (1920–2007), a mother of 11 children who was struck by a rubber bullet in the face in 1971 and blinded by it. After John Downes, two more youths were killed by plastic bullets: Keith White, a 22-year-old from Portadown, in 1986 and Seamus Duffy, aged 15, from Belfast, in 1989.
In March 2005, the Northern Ireland Policing Board agreed to substitute the last variant of the plastic bullet, the L21, for the less-lethal Attenuated Energy Projectile (AEP). The deployment of the AEP is monitored by the Northern Ireland Police Ombudsman.
- BBC News, Thursday, 2 August, 2001, 12:35 GMT 13:35 UK - The trouble with plastic bullets
- BBC News, Friday, 1 June, 2001, 21:38 GMT 22:38 UK - NI plastic bullet records 'inadequate'
- Irish Democrat, 2002 - Army called upon to disclose plastic-bullet guidelines
- Relatives of people killed by plastic bullets call on Human Rights Commission to "go the extra mile"
- Northern Ireland Peace Act (Introduced in United State House of Representatives March 13, 1997, but not passed) Sponsored by Donald M. Payne. Proposed U.S. legislation from 1997 would have banned the export of plastic bullets to the United Kingdom, and included the following "finding": "The United Campaign Against Plastic Bullets claim that the use of plastic bullets has caused further alienation of nationalists and increased distrust of the security forces of the United Kingdom while contributing to the destabilization of Northern Ireland."
- An Phoblacht, Thursday, 23 May 2002 - Plastic Bullet outrage
- Belfast Telegraph, Friday, September 17, 2004 - Campaign urges ban on plastic bullets- Relatives remember 1982 Derry tragedy.[permanent dead link]
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