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|The UC, The Madhouse on Madison|
The United Center in 2014
|Location||1901 West Madison Street
Chicago, Illinois 60612
|Public transit||Illinois Medical District (CTA station)|
|Owner||United Center Joint Venture
(Chicago Blackhawks 50%/Chicago Bulls 50%)
|Operator||United Center Joint Venture|
with standing room at least 23,129
with standing room at least 22,428
|Field size||960,000 square feet (89,000 m2)|
|Broke ground||April 6, 1992|
|Opened||August 18, 1994|
|Renovated||2009–2010 (300 Level)
|Construction cost||$175 million
($279 million in 2016 dollars)
|Architect||Populous (then HOK Sport)
W. E. Simpson Company, Inc.
|Project manager||International Facilities Group, LLC.|
|Structural engineer||Thornton Tomasetti|
|Services engineer||Flack + Kurtz|
|General contractor||Morse Diesel/Huber Hunt & Nichols|
|Chicago Bulls (NBA) (1994–present)
Chicago Blackhawks (NHL) (1995–present)
United Center is an indoor sports arena located in the Near West Side neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. The United Center is home to both the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League (NHL). The arena is named after its city-based corporate sponsor, United Airlines.
The plan to build the arena was created by then Blackhawks owner Bill Wirtz and Bulls owner Jerry Reinsdorf. The United Center's predecessor was the Chicago Stadium, the original "Madhouse on Madison", which was demolished after the new arena opened for business on August 18, 1994. The first ever event at the United Center was the WWF event SummerSlam (1994). Due to the 1994–95 NHL lockout, the Blackhawks did not move in until January 1995.
The east side of the stadium features statues of Michael Jordan (known as "The Spirit"), Bobby Hull and Stan Mikita, while a statue of various Blackhawks sits to the north on Madison Street, where the Chicago Stadium was located.
The Bulls and Blackhawks operate the United Center through the United Center Joint Venture, a 50/50 partnership of the two teams. It covers 960,000 square feet (89,187 m2) and is located on a 46-acre (19 ha) parcel, west of the Chicago Loop. The arena is the largest in the United States in physical size, though not in capacity. Its exterior bears a striking resemblance to that of Chicago Stadium. It seats 19,717 (not including standing room) for hockey (highest attendance at a Blackhawks game was the clinching Game 6 of the 2015 Stanley Cup Finals against Tampa Bay with 22,424), 20,917 (not including standing room) for basketball (highest attendance at a Bulls game in 2012 was 23,028 vs. Miami) and up to 23,500 for concerts. The United Center hosts over 200 events per year and has drawn over 20 million visitors since its opening. It is known for routinely exceeding seating capacity for Bulls and Blackhawks games.
United Center's acoustics were designed to amplify the noise level in order to recreate "The Roar" – the din of noise that made Chicago Stadium famous, especially during hockey games. During hockey season, an Allen Organ that is a replica of the old arena's famous Barton organ is used; recreating the old organ's notes took two years.
The building is 140 feet tall, and cost $175 million to build, mainly consisting of concrete and 3,500 tons of steel. While the Blackhawks and Bulls had long planned on getting another arena, issues with both the real estate market and the early 1990s recession made the project only take off once financing was provided by an international syndicate, with funding by banks from Japan, Australia and France. The planning had 216 luxury skyboxes, and as of the 2009–10 renovation, the stadium has 169 executive suites on three levels.
Both the Chicago Blackhawks and the Chicago Bulls play here during their seasons with some of their games happening on back to back nights. With this, the hardwood floor for the Bulls games is laid across the top of the ice that the Blackhawks play on. The floor is put together like a puzzle and taken apart when the Blackhawks have a game.
In addition to more than 80 Bulls and Blackhawks games each year, the United Center has hosted other sporting events such as University of Illinois basketball, the Big Ten Men's Basketball Tournament (from the first tournament in 1998 to 2001, then in odd-numbered years from 2003 to 2007 and again in 2013 and 2015, the Men's NCAA Basketball Tournament (hosted four times, including 2011), the Roundball Classic, and the Great Eight Classic.
The arena was the Bulls' home during their second run of three consecutive championships, hosting the 1996, 1997, and 1998 NBA Finals. The Bulls won the 1996 and 1997 series in the sixth game at home, but won the 1998 series at the Delta Center, now known as Vivint Smart Home Arena, in Salt Lake City, Utah.
The United Center was also the site of the World Wrestling Federation pay-per-view SummerSlam in 1994 – the first major event held inside the building. It also hosted the last of World Championship Wrestling's annual Spring Stampede pay-per-view in 2000.
The arena has hosted the Stanley Cup Finals three times: in 2010, 2013, and 2015. The Blackhawks won the first two Stanley Cups on the ice of their opponent in the sixth game of the series (Philadelphia's Wachovia Center in 2010 and Boston's TD Garden in 2013). However, they won the 2015 series against the Tampa Bay Lightning at home in the sixth game, the first time since 1938 the Hawks clinched the Cup in Chicago.
On the weekend of March 5–6, 2011, the Professional Bull Riders made their Built Ford Tough Series debut at the United Center. It was their third Chicago-area visit, having previously visited Rosemont's Allstate Arena in 2006 and 2008. The event at the United Center presented a unique scenario as instead of dirt, white crushed stone was used to cover the arena floor.
The Illinois State High School Hockey Championships are hosted at the United Center yearly for the Blackhawk Cup.
On January 28, 2012, the Ultimate Fighting Championship held its first nationally televised event at the arena: UFC on Fox. UFC on Fox 2 was the UFC's 2nd live prime-time event on Fox. The headlining fight was former UFC Light-Heavyweight Champion Rashad Evans vs. Phil Davis, with Evans winning by unanimous decision. The UFC announced in mid-January 2015 that the United Center would be host of UFC on Fox 16. The United Center also hosted UFC on Fox: Johnson vs. Dodson in 2013 and UFC on Fox: Henderson vs. Thomson in 2014, making it the fourth straight year the United Center had held a UFC event.
With a seating capacity of 23,500 for concerts, the United Center has been a home to many concert performances. U2, Rolling Stones, Barbra Streisand, Bruce Springsteen, Sir Paul McCartney, The Who, Pearl Jam, Jay-Z and Mary J. Blige have all had sold out shows for their concerts in this arena.
The United Center has also provided a Chicago home for Barnum & Bailey Circus and Disney on Ice, which occur once per year; the Bulls and Blackhawks have a tradition of taking a two-week road trip when the circus is in town.
On May 17, 2011, Oprah The Farewell Season: Oprah's Surprise Spectacular was taped at the United Center. The program aired on television on May 23 and 24, 2011. Pictures from the event are displayed inside the arena entrance on the wall of Gate 4.
The United Center was also the venue of the 1996 Democratic National Convention, where the Democratic Party nominated as its presidential and vice-presidential candidates Bill Clinton and Al Gore, the incumbent holders of the respective offices, who would be re-elected as a result of the general election held that November.
New for the 2009-10 season, the United Center’s 300 Level features a renovated concourse with 144 flat screen televisions, new food and beverage stations above select seating sections and two new bars that open up to panoramic views of the arena. During the 2010 off-season, two additional bars with panoramic views of the arena were added along with the other two. After the 2012-13 season, a third panoramic LED bar was installed around the 300 level, replacing the famous "Welcome To The Madhouse" signs.
The United Center includes:
- A variety of new menu items provided by the United Center’s new food and beverage provider, Levy Restaurants.
- A new concession stand and seating area located in Section 326 called “Backstage. ”This area replicates the atmosphere of being backstage at a United Center concert and will include photos of music acts that played at the United Center along with a specialized menu from Levy Restaurants.
- New concession stands and bars located at the top of the 300 Level on the north side of the arena to provide fans sitting in that area with easy access to food and beverage service.
- Two new novelty areas carrying merchandise unique to "The Madhouse on Madison".
- New concourse food stations with increased seating.
- New video systems featuring photography, video and animation on the concourse walls which will create images and specialized programming for each individual event.
The new court has been added to the UC for the 2015-2016 season and includes multiple changes. The iconic bull head logo at center court has increased in size by 75% and the image of a basketball that was previously behind the logo has been removed. The “CHICAGO BULLS” text on the endlines has been changed to the font used in the official Bulls logo to make the court design more consistent with the Bulls brand, and the same font has been applied to the “Bulls.com” and the “@ChicagoBulls” text on the north apron of the court. The lines on the court have been changed from red and white to all black to emphasize the bold colors of the Bulls brand. The four stars from the City of Chicago flag have been added to the south apron of the court to highlight the team's civic pride and incorporate the “Chicago Basketball” branding campaign.
The following banners hang from the rafters of the United Center honoring past and present Bulls and Blackhawks.
- 4 Jerry Sloan
- 10 Bob Love
- 23 Michael Jordan
- 33 Scottie Pippen
- Coach Phil Jackson
- General Manager Jerry Krause
- 1974–75 Midwest Division Champions
- 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1995–96*, 1996–97, 1997–98, 2010–11, 2011–12 Central Division Champions
- 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98 Eastern Conference Champions
- 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998 NBA World Champions
- *A banner with the number 72 is hung below the 1995–96 division title to denote the Bulls all-time record 72–10 season.
- 1 Glenn Hall
- 3 Pierre Pilote
- 3 Keith Magnuson
- 9 Bobby Hull
- 18 Denis Savard
- 21 Stan Mikita
- 35 Tony Esposito
- 1969–70 East Division Champions
- 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73 West Division Champions
- 1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80 Smythe Division Champions
- 1982–83, 1985–86, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1992–93 Norris Division Champions
- 2009–10, 2012–13 Central Division Champions
- 1970–71, 1972–73, 1991–92 Campbell Conference Champions
- 2009–10, 2012–13, 2014–15 Western Conference Champions
- 1990–91*, 2012–13* Presidents' Trophy Champions
- 1934, 1938, 1961, 2010, 2013, 2015 Stanley Cup Champions
- The banner with the years 2012–13 is hung below the 1990–91 Presidents' Trophy banner, marking the 2nd time the Blackhawks have won the trophy.
United Airlines pays about $1.8 million per year until 2014 for its naming rights. United merged with Continental Airlines in October 2010, retaining the former's name, as well as the latter's logo and corporate look. The stadium continued to use United's Tulip logo for the duration of the 2010-11 season. For the 2011-12 season, all the previous United signs were replaced with the new Globe logo. Two new lit signs on the east and west ends of the arena saying "United Center" with the United Globe in the middle were revealed below the upper level suites complimenting the former "Madhouse" signs on the north and south sides.
In December, 2013, it was announced that an agreement had been reached to keep United's naming rights for the stadium for another 20 years. The United Center will see a series of updates and upgrades to the interior and exterior of the building. New signage, additional LED boards, and other elements have been added after reaching this agreement. LED screens have been installed on the north side of the arena along with a panoramic LED board on the 300 Level, eliminating the "Welcome To The Madhouse" sign.
Anheuser-Busch has also gotten themselves in the door of the UC through a sponsorship. They are partners with both the Chicago Bulls and Chicago Blackhawks and have gained rights to signage inside the arena along with a pub.
- 21,711 (1994–2009)
- 20,917 (2009–Present)
- 23,129 (With standing room)
- 20,500 (1994–2009)
- 19,717 (2009–Present)
- 22,428 (With standing room)
- Gene Honda - Public address announcer for the Blackhawks, DePaul Basketball, Chicago White Sox and the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship Final Four.
- Jim Cornelison - National Anthem singer for Blackhawks games.
- Harvey Wittenberg - Former Blackhawks public address announcer.
- Frank Pellico - Current Blackhawks organist.
- Tommy Edwards - Current Bulls public address announcer and disk jockey on 104.3 K-Hits
- Ray Clay - Former Bulls public address announcer during the team's NBA championship days
- U.S. Cellular Field - Home of the Chicago White Sox.
- Wrigley Field - Home of the Chicago Cubs.
- Soldier Field - Home of the Chicago Bears.
- Toyota Park - Home of the Chicago Fire.
- Allstate Arena - Home of the Chicago Wolves, Chicago Sky, and the DePaul Blue Demons college basketball team.
- Sears Centre - Home of the Chicago Slaughter and Chicago Bliss.
- Sports Complex at Benedictine University - Home of the Chicago Red Stars.
- Benny the Bull - The Bulls mascot.
- Tommyhawk - The Blackhawks mascot.
- List of indoor arenas in the United States
- Maidenberg, Micah (October 1, 2014). "Blackhawks, Bulls Owners Mull Office Project Next to United Center". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Cleveland Cavaliers vs. Chicago Bulls". Chicago Tribune. March 19, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Associated Press (April 11, 2010). "Red Wings 3, Blackhawks 2, OT". National Hockey League. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Sullivan, Paul; Reardon, Patrick (April 7, 1992). "Dignitaries Dig in at New Stadium Fete". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- International Facilities Group - United Center
- Weiss, Lois (January 4, 1995). "Engineers Mark 25th Anniversary". Real Estate Weekly. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- United Center - Emporis.com
- "A Closer Look Inside The United Center". Chicago Tribune. September 7, 1994. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Kuc, Chris (16 June 2015). "Blackhawks seize their third Stanley Cup in six seasons". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Markus, Robert (September 17, 1994). "Hawks Quiet In Opener". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Smith, Marcia C. (September 7, 1994). "Like Stadium, New Organ Will Be More Versatile". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "United Center, Chicago". Emporis. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- Knupke, Gene W. (2006-03-13). Profiles of American / Canadian Sports Stadiums and Arenas. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 9781462836765.
- Davis, Robert (April 6, 1992). "Work Set To Start On New Arena". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Premium Seating and Suites at the United Center". National Basketball Association. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Ice to Hardwood: United Center Photo Timelapse
- "2013 Big Ten Men's Basketball Tournament". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Big Ten Tournament History". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Chicago Bulls Media Guide: United Center Information" (PDF). National Basketball Association. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- "Chicago Blackhawks fans anticipating Stanley Cup". Chicago Tribune. June 15, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "PBR Announces 2011 BFTS Schedule". Professional Bull Riders. September 21, 2010. Archived from the original on September 28, 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
- Kuc, Chris (October 22, 2011). "Moving Moment for Hull and Mikita". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- "2010 Blackhawk Cup To Be Decided At The United Center On Friday Night". National Hockey League. March 23, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Erickson, Matt (January 28, 2012). "Evans Wins Big 1". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Top 20 Most Impactful Moments in United Center History". CSN Chicago. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- Kuc, Chris (January 28, 2013). "Practices Few and Far Between for Blackhawks". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Rosenthal, Phil (May 18, 2011). "Oprah Winfrey Spectacle sSands Out in a Sea of Farewells". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Vettel, Phil (November 19, 2009). "The United Center's New Concessions Offerings Are Playoff Caliber". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Bulls unveil their new court design". CBSSports.com. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Stadium Naming Rights". ESPN. January 14, 2008.
- "- Gale - Enter Product Login". go.galegroup.com. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
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