United Airlines Holdings

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United Airlines Holdings, Inc.
  • UAL, Inc. (1968–1987)
  • Allegis Corporation (1987–1988)
  • UAL Corporation (1988–2010)
  • United Continental Holdings, Inc. (2010–2019)
FoundedDecember 30, 1968; 52 years ago in Chicago, Illinois, United States
Area served
Key people
Oscar Muñoz
(Executive Chairman)
Scott Kirby
Brett J. Hart
ServicesAirline services
RevenueIncrease US$ 43.259 billion[1] (2019)
Increase US$ 4.547 billion[1] (2019)
Increase US$ 3.009 billion[1] (2019)
Total assetsIncrease US$ 52.611 billion[1] (2019)
Total equityIncrease US$ 11.531 billion[1] (2019)
Number of employees
93,000[2] (2019)
SubsidiariesUnited Airlines
United Express operated by:
Footnotes / references

United Airlines Holdings, Inc. (formerly known as United Continental Holdings, Inc., UAL Corporation, Allegis Corporation and founded originally as UAL, Inc.[4]) is a publicly traded airline holding company headquartered in the Willis Tower in Chicago.[5] UAH owns and operates United Airlines, Inc.

UAL Corporation agreed to change its name to United Continental Holdings in May 2010, when an agreement was reached between United and Continental Airlines where United would acquire Continental. To effect the acquisition, Continental shareholders received 1.05 shares of UAL stock for each Continental share; at the time of closing, it was estimated that United shareholders owned 55% of the merged entity and Continental shareholders owned 45%.[6] The company or its subsidiary airlines also have several other subsidiaries. Once completely combined, United became the world's largest airline, as measured by revenue passenger miles. United is a founding member of the Star Alliance.[7]

UAH has major operations at Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Guam, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark (New Jersey), San Francisco, and Washington–Dulles. Additionally, UAH's United is the largest U.S. carrier to the People's Republic of China and maintains a large operation throughout Asia.[7]

UAH uses Continental's operating certificate and United's repair station certificate, having been approved by the FAA on November 30, 2011.[8][9]

On June 27, 2019, the name of the parent company was changed from United Continental Holdings to United Airlines Holdings.[10]

Major subsidiaries[edit]

United's global headquarters occupy 16 floors of Willis Tower in Chicago

The following is the list of major subsidiaries of United Airlines Holdings, Inc.[11] [12]

  • United Airlines, Inc. (formerly Continental Airlines, Inc.[13])
    • Air Micronesia, Inc.
    • CAL Cargo, S.A. de C.V.
    • CALFINCO Inc.
    • Century Casualty Company
    • Continental Airlines de Mexico, S.A.
    • Continental Airlines Domain Name Limited
    • Continental Airlines Finance Trust II
    • Continental Airlines, Inc. Supplemental Retirement Plan for Pilots Trust Agreement
    • Continental Airlines Purchasing Holdings LLC
      • Continental Airlines Purchasing Services LLC
    • Continental Express, Inc.
    • Presidents Club of Guam, Inc.
  • Four Star Insurance Company, Ltd.
  • UAL Benefits Management, Inc.
  • United Airlines, Inc. (the original United Airlines)
    • Covia LLC
      • Mileage Plus Holdings, LLC
      • MPH I, Inc.
      • Mileage Plus Marketing, Inc.
      • Mileage Plus, Inc.
    • United Aviation Fuels Corporation
    • United Cogen, Inc.
    • United Vacations, Inc.


Early in February 2008, UAL Corporation and Continental Airlines began advanced stages of merger negotiations and were expected to announce their decision in the immediate aftermath of a definitive merger agreement between rival Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines.[14] The timing of the events was notable because Northwest's golden shares in Continental (that gave Northwest veto authority against any merger involving Continental) could be redeemed, freeing Continental to pursue a marriage with United. On April 27, 2008, Continental broke off merger negotiations with United and stated it was going to stand alone.[15] Despite ending merger talks, Continental announced that it will join United in the Star Alliance.[16]

United and US Airways were in advanced merger talks in late April 2008, following the announcement that Continental had broken off talks with United.[17] In June 2008, CEOs of both United Airlines and Continental Airlines signed an alliance pact presaging their eventual merger. The alliance is an agreement to link international networks and share technology and passenger perks. This agreement is basically a "virtual merger" that includes many of the benefits of a merger without the actual costs and restructuring involved. The alliance took effect about a year after Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines completed their merger, as that released Continental from the SkyTeam contract and allowed for the required nine-month notice. Additionally, Continental joined Star Alliance, as Delta and Northwest merged.[18]

United Airlines was reported to be in serious merger discussion with US Airways in early April 2010. A New York Times report indicated that a deal was close. Union consent was cited as a major hurdle for negotiators to clear.[19] On April 22, 2010, United announced that it would not pursue a merger with US Airways.[20]

The Board of Directors at Continental and United Airlines approved a stock-swap deal that would combine them into the world's largest airline on Sunday, May 2, 2010. The airlines publicly announced the deal the next day.[21] This would re-unite Walter Varney's airlines, which offspring includes Continental and United.[22]

Both airlines have taken losses in the recession and expect the merger to generate savings of more than $1 billion a year.[23] Combined, they fly to some 370 destinations in 59 countries from their ten hubs,[24] and carry 144 million passengers a year.[23] Combined revenues will be about $29 billion.[25]

In July, the merger of the two airlines was approved by the European Union.[26]

On August 27, 2010, the U.S. Department of Justice approved the $3 billion merger[27] and shareholders of both the companies approved the merger on September 17, 2010.[28][29] On October 1, 2010, UAL Corporation (the parent company of United Airlines) completed its acquisition of Continental Airlines and changed its name to United Continental Holdings, Inc. Although the two airlines remained separated until the operational integration was completed, as of this day both airlines are corporately controlled by the same leadership. Both carriers achieved a single operating certificate from the FAA on November 30, 2011 which allowed both airlines to operate under the name "United".[30]


For the fiscal year 2017, United Continental Holdings reported earnings of US$2.131 billion, with an annual revenue of US$37.736 billion, an increase of 3.2% over the previous fiscal cycle. United Continental's shares traded at over $69 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at over US$23.1 billion in October 2018.[31] The company ranked No. 81 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.[32]

Year Revenue
in mil. USD$
Net income
in mil. USD$
Total Assets
in mil. USD$
Price per Share
in USD$
2011 37,110 837 37,988 21.59 87,000
2012 37,152 −723 37,628 21.21 88,000
2013 38,279 571 36,812 31.65 87,000
2014 38,901 1,132 36,595 47.51 84,000
2015 37,864 7,340 40,861 59.86 84,000
2016 36,556 2,263 40,140 53.02 88,000
2017 37,736 2,131 42,326 69.17 89,800
2018 41,303 2,122 49,024 77.25 92,000
2019 43,259 3,009 52,611 86.82 96,000


When United Airlines and Continental Airlines announced their merger in May 2010 they introduced their new corporate branding. It featured the words "United Airlines" in the then-current Continental typeface, and Continental's globe-like logo. United updated their branding once again in August 2010, replacing the words "United Airlines" with the single word UNITED and changing the font to United's traditional upper-case sans-serif font.[33] United's new CEO Jeff Smisek, who previously served as Continental's chairman, helped design the new font, integrating it with the existing Lippincott-designed Continental graphics. He has noted that he has received over 15,000 emails with suggestions for a new livery.[34]

The first United 747 featuring the new livery was painted in February 2011. Re-painting and branding is said to be "accelerated" beginning mid-2011.[35]

On March 1, 2011, United unveiled an "interim" marketing campaign replacing the previous "It's Time to Fly" campaign, which included fingerpaint ads and television spots created by Fallon. On the same date, United removed the iconic 38-year-old Saul Bass-designed "Tulip" logo from its website and all new advertisements will feature the former Continental globe logo. This new campaign was used until 2012, when United reconditioned a former slogan, "Fly the Friendly Skies".[36]


United Airlines operates more than 750 mainline aircraft.[citation needed]


United Airlines and United Express operate more than 4,500 flights a day to 339 destinations; 140 million customers were carried on 1.5 million flights in 2015.[37]

United Airlines hubs[38]
Airport Area served Type/region Airline before merger
Flag of Illinois.svg O'Hare International Airport Municipal Flag of Chicago.svg Chicago, Illinois Largest hub, Midwest hub, and headquarters United
Flag of Colorado.svg Denver International Airport Flag of Denver, Colorado.svg Denver, Colorado Mountain hub United
Flag of Guam.svg Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport Flag of Guam.svg Guam Primary Pacific Ocean hub Continental
Flag of Texas.svg George Bush Intercontinental Airport Flag of Houston, Texas.svg Houston, Texas Second largest hub, primary gateway to Latin America Continental
Flag of California.svg Los Angeles International Airport Flag of Los Angeles, California.svg Los Angeles, California Secondary West Coast hub United
Flag of New Jersey.svg Newark Liberty International Airport NewarkNJ flag.jpg Newark, New Jersey and New York metropolitan area Primary East Coast hub, primary gateway to Europe Continental
Flag of California.svg San Francisco International Airport Flag of San Francisco.svg San Francisco, California, San Francisco Bay Area Primary West Coast and transpacific hub United
Flag of Virginia.svg Washington Dulles International Airport Flag of Virginia.svg Northern Virginia
Flag of Washington, D.C..svg Washington, D.C.
Secondary East Coast hub, secondary gateway to Europe United

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "United Airlines Holdings, Inc. (UAL) Income Statement – Yahoo Finance".
  2. ^ "United Airlines Holdings, Inc. (UAL) Company Profile & Facts – Yahoo Finance". Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  3. ^ "United Company Overview". Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  5. ^ "[1]." United Continental Holdings. Retrieved on October 3, 2010.
  6. ^ "United Continental Holdings, Inc. – Investor Relations – News". Ir.unitedcontinentalholdings.com. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Unitedcontinentalmerger.com". Unitedcontinentalmerger.com. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  8. ^ "United Continental Holdings, Inc. – Investor Relations – News". Ir.unitedcontinentalholdings.com. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
  9. ^ Peterson, Kyle (November 30, 2011). "United gets FAA single operating certificate". Reuters UK.
  10. ^ Rucinski, Tracy; Shivdas, Sanjana (June 27, 2019). "United Continental changes name to United Airlines Holdings Inc". Reuters.
  11. ^ "List of Subsidiaries". Sec.gov. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  12. ^ "United Continental Holdings, Inc. – Investor Relations – SEC Filings". Ir.unitedcontinentalholdings.com. February 25, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Form 8-K for UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC." (Archived 2014-03-06 at the Wayback Machine) Securities and Exchange Commission. April 3, 2013. "On March 31, 2013, United merged with and into Continental, with Continental continuing as the surviving corporation of the Merger and as a wholly owned subsidiary of UAL. Upon the closing of the Merger on March 31, 2013, Continental's name was changed to "United Airlines, Inc." (the "Survivor"). "
  14. ^ "United stands ready to merge". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on April 16, 2008. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  15. ^ "Continental Abandons Merger Talks With United". The New York Times. April 28, 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  16. ^ "Continental Airlines". Continental.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2008. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  17. ^ "UAL, USAir in very advanced merger talks – Business – US business – Aviation | NBC News". MSNBC. April 28, 2008. Archived from the original on May 6, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  18. ^ Johnsson, Julie (June 20, 2008). "United, Continental join forces". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on July 2, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  19. ^ "United and US Airways Said to be in Merger Talks". New York Times. April 7, 2010. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
  20. ^ Reed, Dan (April 22, 2010). "Irked US Airways ends merger talks with United". Usatoday.Com. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  21. ^ Press Release. "Press Release | Let's Fly Together". Unitedcontinentalmerger.com. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  22. ^ "Love is in the air". The Economist. May 6, 2010.
  23. ^ a b "United and Continental Airlines to merge". BBC News. May 3, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  24. ^ "Unitedcontinentalmerger.com". Unitedcontinentalmerger.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  25. ^ "United, Continental create world's biggest airline". The Sydney Morning Herald. May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  26. ^ https://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iLtBZzKBc8HAtWTZlIMlpoajQZnQD9H7ILIO0. Retrieved April 3, 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  27. ^ Mouawad, Jad (August 27, 2010). "United-Continental Merger Clears Federal Hurdle". The New York Times.
  28. ^ "United Continental Holdings, Inc. – Investor Relations – News". Ir.united.com. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  29. ^ "United Airlines - Airline Tickets, Vacations Packages, Travel Deals, and Company Information on united.com". Continental.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  30. ^ JOSHUA FREED (November 29, 2011). "Pilots: United gets single operating certificate – Yahoo! News". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  31. ^ "United Continental Holdings Financial Statements 2005–2018 | UAL". www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  32. ^ "Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  33. ^ "United, Continental Show Off New Livery". AOL Travel News. August 12, 2010. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  34. ^ Brookson, Ben. "Here's what United's CEO thinks of the carrier's new livery – Flight International". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
  35. ^ Boeing 747 Debuts in New United Livery United Continental Holdings PR, February 24, 2011
  36. ^ "United Airlines launches new campaign from Kaplan Thaler/New York". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
  37. ^ "Company Overview". United.
  38. ^ "Investor Day" (PDF). United. November 15, 2016.

External links[edit]