United Kingdom Census 1901

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The United Kingdom Census 1901 was the 11th nationwide census conducted in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and was done on 1 April 1901 "relating to the persons returned as living at midnight on Sunday, March 31st".

The total population of the England and Wales, Scotland, and Ireland (including what is now the Republic of Ireland) was 41,458,721 of which 21,356,313 were female and 20,102,406 were male.

It was divided into three parts: England and Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. The England and Wales part of the census contains records for 32 million people and 6 million houses. Certain parts of the records have suffered damage and therefore some information is missing, but it is largely complete with the exception of parts of Deal in Kent.[1]

The UK has taken a census of its population every ten years since 1841. In addition to providing a wealth of interesting information about aspects of the make-up of the country, the results of the census plays an important part in the calculation of resource allocation to regional and local service providers, by national and European government.

Information included[edit]

The entries for households on the census returns for 1901 fall under the following headings and are generally the same for 1851 to 1891:

  • Road, street, town or village, number or name of house
  • Whether the house is inhabited or not
  • Name and surname of each person
  • Relation to Head of Family
  • Condition as to marriage
  • Age last birthday
  • Profession or occupation
  • Whether employed or not
  • Where born
  • Whether deaf and dumb, blind, lunatic, imbecile or feeble-minded
  • Also crews of Vessels and residents of Institutions.

Online access[edit]

The census data was published online in 2003 on a site run by The National Archive. Since then the data has also been available on other sites such as Ancestry.com, Findmypast, and RootsPoint on a subscription basis. The data is mainly used by genealogists, family historians, name researchers and anyone wanting to know more about their Welsh and English ancestors in 1901. It can also be used to research hamlets, villages and parishes to build a historical perspective.

Other parts of the UK[edit]

The census of England and Wales does not include the census of Scotland. The Isle of Man is included in the England and Wales returns.[2] The data for the census of Scotland is held in a different location to that of the England and Wales census.

Prior to the secession of the Irish Free State, the whole of Ireland engaged in the census on the same night, however none of the census returns from Ireland for the 19th century still exist, except for partial returns. The 1901 census is the first complete surviving census,[3] and is available online.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


  1. ^ 1901censusonline.com Frequently Asked Questions.
  2. ^ Isle of Man, Genuki, last update 11 Mar 2013.
  3. ^ Ouimette, David S. (2005). Finding Your Irish Ancestors: A Beginner's Guide. Utah, USA: Ancestry. p. 79. ISBN 1-59331-293-8. 
Preceded by
1891
UK Census
1901
Succeeded by
1911