United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting
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|Type||Affiliation of broadcasters|
|ITV, Channel 4, S4C|
United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB) is an affiliation of three British independent television production companies and broadcasters. The primary function of its predecessor (ITCA, the Independent Television Companies Association) was to represent independent British television interests as a member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). The members of UKIB are the ITV Network Centre, the 17 ITV Companies, Channel 4, and S4C.
United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB) was formed in 1981, when the Association of Independent Radio Contractors (AIRC) was admitted as an active member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). It replaced Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA, formerly Independent Television Authority or ITA) as the second British EBU member. Once ITCA was admitted as a fully active EBU member, the AIRC joined with ITA to form the Commercial Radio Companies Association (CRCA) in 1996. CRCA cancelled its EBU membership by the end of 2002.
The IBA continued to exist until it was disbanded by the Broadcasting Act 1990, which replaced it with the Independent Television Commission (ITC) and the Radio Authority. IBA had a set of onscreen identifications used on ITV in the 1970s and 1980s to introduce engineering announcements.[relevant? ]
|Service name||Broadcast area||Licence holder||Broadcast Since[Note 1]||Parent company||EBU abbreviation|
|United Kingdom, Channel Islands, and Isle of Man||ITV Network Limited||1955||ITV plc
STV Group plc
|ITV (Channel 3) Companies|
|ITV Anglia||East of England||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1959||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/ANG|
|ITV Border||England–Scotland border||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1961||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/BTV|
|ITV Central||Midlands[Note 2]||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1956||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/CEN|
|ITV Channel Television||Channel Islands||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1962||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/CHA|
|ITV Granada||North West England[Note 3] and Isle of Man[Note 4]||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1956||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/GRA|
|ITV London (Carlton)||London Weekday||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1955||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/LDN|
|ITV London (LWT)||London Weekend||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1955||ITV plc|
|ITV Meridian||South and South East England||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1958||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/MER|
|ITV Tyne Tees||North East England||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1959||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/TTT|
|ITV Wales||Wales||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1958||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/WALES|
|ITV West||West of England||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1958||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/WEST|
|ITV West Country||South West England||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1961||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/WES|
|ITV Yorkshire||Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, and North Norfolk||ITV Broadcasting Limited||1956||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/YTV|
|STV Central||Central Scotland||STV Central Limited||1957||STV Group plc||UKIB/STV|
|STV North||Northern Scotland||STV North Limited||1961||STV Group plc||UKIB/STVN|
|UTV||Northern Ireland||UTV Limited||1959||ITV plc||UKIB/ITV/UTV|
|Channel 4||England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland[Note 5]||Channel 4||1982||Channel Four Television Corporation||UKIB/C4|
|S4C||Wales||Sianel 4 Cymru/Channel 4 Wales||1982||S4C Authority||UKIB/S4C|
Besides the main ITV, Channel 4, and S4C channels, there are several digital-only channels (ITV2, ITV3, ITV4, and CITV) owned by ITV plc and E4, More4 and Film4, operated by Channel 4. These channels are also members of UKIB and, as such, are also part of the EBU.
Eurovision Song Contest
The United Kingdom's entries in the Eurovision Song Contest have been entered by the BBC each time. However, the United Kingdom's Junior Eurovision Song Contest entries were broadcast and entered by ITV in 2003, 2004, and 2005. ITV abstained from entering the 2006 contest because of low ratings. S4C was speculated to enter the 2008 contest with a Welsh language entry, but ultimately chose not to enter.[why?] S4C announced on 9 May 2018 that Wales will debut at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018 to be held in Minsk, Belarus.
Notes and references
- First broadcast in that region and not since the first franchises were held
- Up to 1968, the service for the Midlands region was provided by ATV for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
- Up to 1968, the service for a single Northern area consisting of both the current North West region and most of the current Yorkshire region was provided by Granada Television for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
- Coverage was transferred from ITV Border and Tyne Tees to ITV Granada following DSO in the Isle of Man in July 2009.
- Now available in Wales but is designated for the rest of the United Kingdom
- Barnard, Stephen (2000). Studying Radio. London: Arnold. p. 76. ISBN 9780340719664.
- "Channel 3 (ITV)". Ofcom. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
- Kuipers, Michael (2008-04-20). "Junior Eurovision 2008: United Kingdom to return to JESC?". ESCToday. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- "Chwilio am Seren". junioreurovision.cymru. S4C. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.