United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting

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United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting
Formation 1981; 36 years ago (1981)
Type Affiliation of broadcasters
Membership
ITV, Channel 4, S4C
Official language
English, Welsh

United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB) is an affiliation of three British independent television production companies and broadcasters. Its predecessor's (Independent Television Companies Association or ITCA) primary function was to represent independent British television interests as a member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). The members of UKIB are The ITV Network Centre, the 17 ITV Companies, Channel 4, and S4C.

History[edit]

UKIB[citation needed] was formed in 1981 when the Association of Independent Radio Contractors (AIRC)[citation needed] was admitted as an active member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). It then replaced IBA/ITCA as the second British EBU member. ITCA was admitted as a full active EBU member, together with the Independent Television Authority (ITA) in 1959. AIRC became Commercial Radio Companies Association (CRCA) in 1996. CRCA cancelled its EBU membership[citation needed] by the end of 2002. The IBA continued to exist until it was disbanded by the Broadcasting Act of 1990, which replaced it with the Independent Television Commission (ITC) and the Radio Authority. Interestingly, the IBA did have a set of onscreen identifications used on ITV back in the 1970s and 1980s to introduce engineering announcements.

Members[edit]

Service name Broadcast area Licence holder[1] Broadcast Since[2] Parent company EBU abbreviation
ITV Network
ITV
STV
UTV
United Kingdom, Channel Islands, and Isle of Man ITV Network Limited 1955 ITV plc
STV Group plc
UKIB/ITV
ITV (Channel 3) Companies
ITV Anglia East of England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1959 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/ANG
ITV Border England–Scotland border ITV Broadcasting Limited 1961 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/BTV
ITV Central Midlands [Note 1] ITV Broadcasting Limited 1956 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/CEN
ITV Channel Television Channel Islands ITV Broadcasting Limited 1962 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/CHA
ITV Granada North West England [Note 2] and Isle of Man [Note 3] ITV Broadcasting Limited 1956 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/GRA
ITV London (Carlton) London Weekday ITV Broadcasting Limited 1955 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/LDN
ITV London (LWT) London Weekend ITV Broadcasting Limited 1955 ITV plc
ITV Meridian South and South East England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1958 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/MER
ITV Tyne Tees North East England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1959 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/TTT
ITV Wales Wales ITV Broadcasting Limited 1958 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/WALES
ITV West West of England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1958 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/WEST
ITV Westcountry South West England ITV Broadcasting Limited 1961 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/WES
ITV Yorkshire Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, and North Norfolk ITV Broadcasting Limited 1956 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/YTV
STV Central Central Scotland STV Central Limited 1957 STV Group plc UKIB/STV
STV North Northern Scotland STV North Limited 1961 STV Group plc UKIB/STVN
UTV Northern Ireland UTV Limited 1959 ITV plc UKIB/ITV/UTV
Channel 4
Channel 4 England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland[3] Channel 4 1982 Channel Four Television Corporation UKIB/C4
S4C
S4C Wales Sianel 4 Cymru/Channel 4 Wales 1982 S4C Authority UKIB/S4C

Digital channels[edit]

Besides the main ITV, Channel 4, and S4C channels, there are several digital-only channels (ITV2, ITV3, ITV4, and CITV) owned by ITV plc and E4, More4 and Film4 operated by Channel 4. These channels are also members of UKIB and, as such, are also part of the EBU.[citation needed]

Eurovision Song Contest[edit]

The United Kingdom's entries in the Eurovision Song Contest have been entered by the BBC each time. However, the United Kingdom's Junior Eurovision Song Contest entries were broadcast and entered by ITV in 2003, 2004, and 2005, but it did not enter the 2006 contest because of low ratings.[citation needed] S4C was speculated to enter the 2008 contest with an Welsh language entry,[4] but ultimately chose not to enter.[why?]

Notes and references[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Up to 1968, the service for the Midlands region was provided by ATV for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
  2. ^ Up to 1968, the service for a single Northern area consisting of both the current North West region and most of the current Yorkshire region was provided by Granada Television for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
  3. ^ Coverage was transferred from ITV Border and Tyne Tees to ITV Granada following DSO in the Isle of Man in July 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Channel 3 (ITV)". Ofcom. Retrieved 27 September 2007. 
  2. ^ First Broadcast in that region and not since the first franchises were held
  3. ^ Now Available in Wales but is designated for the rest of the United Kingdom
  4. ^ Kuipers, Michael (2008-04-20). "Junior Eurovision 2008: United Kingdom to return to JESC?". ESCToday. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 

External links[edit]