United Kingdom Special Forces
|United Kingdom Special Forces|
|Branch||British Armed Forces|
|Size||2,000 personnel (2009)|
|Part of||Strategic Command|
|Headquarters||Permanent Joint Headquarters, Northwood Headquarters|
|Website||Directorate of Special Forces at gov.uk|
|General Mark Carleton-Smith|
The United Kingdom Special Forces (UKSF) is a directorate composed of 22nd Special Air Service Regiment, 21 Special Air Service Regiment, 23 Special Air Service Regiment, the Special Boat Service, the Special Reconnaissance Regiment, the Special Forces Support Group, 18 Signal Regiment and the Joint Special Forces Aviation Wing, as well as the supporting troops. In British law, “special forces” means those units of the armed forces of the Crown and the maintenance of whose capabilities is the responsibility of the Director of Special Forces or which are for the time being subject to the operational command of that Director.
In 1987, the post of Director SAS became Director Special Forces. From that time, the incumbent has had control of both the Army's Special Air Service and the Naval Service's Special Boat Squadron, which was renamed the Special Boat Service during the formation. The directorate has since been expanded by the creation of the Joint Special Forces Aviation Wing, the Special Reconnaissance Regiment, 18 Signal Regiment and the Special Forces Support Group. Approximately 40% of all UK Special Forces personnel are recruited from the Royal Marines.
Following the Army 2020 reforms, in 2014, 21 Special Air Service Regiment (Reserve), 23 Special Air Service Regiment (Reserve) and the Honourable Artillery Company were shifted from DSF's command to 1st Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Brigade. This change was partly reverted in 2019, with both 21 Special Air Service Regiment (Reserve) and 23 Special Air Service Regiment (Reserve) becoming an integrated part of the United Kingdom Special Forces.
The following units are part of UK Special Forces and UK Special Forces (Reserve).
Joint service units
- "SAS and other special forces to be expanded to defeat al-Qaeda". the telegraph. 25 April 2009.
- Special Reconnaissance Regiment, publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014
- Elite special forces unit set up, BBC. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "JSFAW - Responsibilities and Composition". Royal Air Force. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014.
- "SAS(R)". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 2018-01-02.
- "The secretive sister of the SAS". BBC. 16 November 2001. Retrieved 10 March 2010. (SBS)
- Blackstone's Statutes on Criminal Law 2019-2020, ISBN 978-0198838715
- http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/-/media/careers-section-redesign/pdfs/20151027-_440-rm-career-guide-2015-r---specialisms.pdf?la=en-gb, page 78
- Janes International Defence Review, May 2014, page 4
- Army Briefing Note 120/14, NEWLY FORMED FORCE TROOPS COMMAND SPECIALIST BRIGADES, Quote . It commands all of the Army’s Intelligence, Surveillance and EW assets, and is made up of units specifically from the former 1 MI Bde and 1 Arty Bde, as well as 14 Sig Regt, 21 and 23 SAS(R).
- "21 & 23 SAS (Reserve)". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 2020-06-03.
- "Special Boat Service (Reserve)". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- Overstretched SAS calls up part-time troops for Afghanistan, www.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014
- "PLG Directive 73/07 Part 8, Restricted files - Administration Guide" (PDF). Veterans UK. Service Personnel and Veterans Agency (SPVA). December 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014.
- Ripley, Tim (November 2015). "Order of Battle; Joint Special Forces Aviation Wing - The Royal Air Force in 2015 (Supplement)". AirForces monthly - Officially The World's Number One Military Aviation Magazine. No. 332. Bourne, Lincolnshire: Key Publishing Ltd. pp. 12, 14. ISSN 0955-7091.
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