United Kingdom general election, 1847

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United Kingdom general election, 1847
United Kingdom
← 1841 29 July–26 August 1847 1852 →
← List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1841

All 656 seats in the House of Commons
329 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  14th Earl of Derby.jpg Lord john russell.jpg
Leader Lord Stanley Lord John Russell
Party Conservative Whig
Leader since July 1846 October 1842
Leader's seat Baron Stanley City of London
Last election 367 seats, 50.9% 271 seats, 46.9%
Seats won 236 292
Seat change Decrease 131 Increase 21
Popular vote 205,481 259,311
Percentage 42.7% 53.8%
Swing Decrease 8.2% Increase 6.9%

  Third party Fourth party
  Robert Peel.jpg Gray - replace this image male.svg
Leader Sir Robert Peel John O'Connell
Party Peelite Irish Repeal
Leader since 1846 15 May 1847
Leader's seat Tamworth Limerick City
Last election N/A 20 seats, 1.9%
Seats won 89[1] 36
Seat change New Increase 16
Popular vote w/ Con. 14,128
Percentage w/ Con. 2.9%
Swing w/ Con. Increase 1.0%

Prime Minister before election

Lord John Russell
Whig

Subsequent Prime Minister

Lord John Russell
Whig

1837 election MPs
1841 election MPs
1847 election MPs
1852 election MPs
1857 election MPs

The 1847 United Kingdom general election saw candidates calling themselves Conservatives win the most seats, in part because they won a number of uncontested seats. However, the split among the Conservatives between the majority of Protectionists, led by Lord Stanley, and the minority of free traders, known also as the Peelites, led by former prime minister Sir Robert Peel, left the Whigs, led by Prime Minister Lord John Russell, in a position to continue in government.

The Irish Repeal group won more seats than in the previous general election, while the Chartists gained the only seat they were ever to hold, Nottingham's second seat, held by Chartist leader Feargus O'Connor.

The election also witnessed the election of Britain's first Jewish MP; the Liberal Lionel de Rothschild in the City of London. Members being sworn in were however required to swear the Christian Oath of Allegiance, meaning Rothschild was unable actually to take his seat until the passage of the Jews Relief Act in 1858.

Results[edit]

United Kingdom General Election 1847
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Whig 292 + 21 53.8 259,311 + 6.9
  Conservative 325 - 42 42.7 205,481 - 8.2
  Irish Repeal 36 + 16 2.9 14,128 + 1.0
  Chartist 1 1 0 + 1 0.6 2,848 0
  Irish Confederation 2 2 0 + 2 0.1 661 N/A

Total votes cast: 482,429. Conservative totals include Liberal Conservatives.

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Whig
  
53.75%
Conservative
  
42.59%
Irish Repeal
  
2.93%
Chartist
  
0.59%
Others
  
0.14%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Whig
  
44.51%
Conservative
  
49.54%
Irish Repeal
  
5.49%
Chartist
  
0.15%
Others
  
0.3%

Regional Results[edit]

Great Britain[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 373 180 285 194,223 43.1
Whig 360 125 267 253,376 56.2
Chartist 9 0 1 Increase1 2,848 0.6
Total 742 305 553 Steady 450,447 100
England[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 319 149 239 170,407 42.1
Peelite 62[1]
Whig 297 92 222 230,656 57.2
Chartist 9 0 1 Increase1 2,848 0.7
Total 625 241 462 Steady 403,911 100
Scotland[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Whig 48 21 33 Increase2 20,092 81.7 Increase20.9
Conservative 23 16 20 Decrease2 3,509 18.3 Decrease20.0
Peelite 11[1]
Total 71 37 53 Steady 23,601 100
Wales[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 22 15 20 11,114 89.5
Peelite 7[1]
Whig 13 12 12 1,394 10.5
Total 35 27 32 Steady 12,508 100

Ireland[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 38 24 29 Decrease1 10,294 31.0 Decrease6.1
Liberal Conservatives 11 9 11 964 3.0
Repeal 51 18 36 14,128 43.6
Whig 33 11 25 5,935 20.2
Irish Confederate 3 0 2 629 2.0
Independent 1 0 0 32 0.2
Total 137 62 103 31,982 100

Universities[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 9 0 6 Steady 9,193 88.2
Whig 2 0 0 Steady 1,234 11.8
Total 11 0 6 Steady 10,427 100

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Blake, Robert (2 February 2012). The Conservative Party from Peel to Major. Faber & Faber. p. 480.